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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 5 of 5 Research Studies Displayed
Rumble DD, O'Neal K, Overstreet DS
Sleep and neighborhood socioeconomic status: a micro longitudinal study of chronic low-back pain and pain-free individuals.
This study compared associations between neighborhood-level socioeconomic status (SES), pain-status (chronic low back pain vs. pain-free), and daily sleep metrics in 117 adults. With neighborhood-level SES gathered from Neighborhood Atlas, and with individuals completing home sleep monitoring for 7 consecutive days/nights, analyses revealed neighborhood-level SES and neighborhood-level SES pain-status interaction significantly impacted objective sleep quality.
Citation: Rumble DD, O'Neal K, Overstreet DS . Sleep and neighborhood socioeconomic status: a micro longitudinal study of chronic low-back pain and pain-free individuals. J Behav Med 2021 Dec;44(6):811-21. doi: 10.1007/s10865-021-00234-w..
Keywords: Sleep Problems, Back Health and Pain, Chronic Conditions, Pain
Hirayama A, Goto T, Faridi MK
Association of obstructive sleep apnea with all-cause readmissions after hospitalization for asthma exacerbation in adults aged 18-54 years: a population-based study, 2010-2013.
The authors sought to investigate associations between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and readmission risk after hospitalization for asthma exacerbation using data from State Inpatient Databases from seven U.S. states. They found that, overall, OSA was associated with a significantly higher incident rate of all-cause readmission. Additionally, OSA was associated with higher incident rates of readmissions for five major diseases: asthma, COPD, respiratory failure, pneumonia, and congestive heart failure, compared to non-OSA.
Citation: Hirayama A, Goto T, Faridi MK . Association of obstructive sleep apnea with all-cause readmissions after hospitalization for asthma exacerbation in adults aged 18-54 years: a population-based study, 2010-2013. J Asthma 2021 Sep;58(9):1176-85. doi: 10.1080/02770903.2020.1781887..
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Sleep Apnea, Sleep Problems, Hospital Readmissions, Asthma, Respiratory Conditions, Chronic Conditions
Starr P, Agarwal A, Singh G
Obstructive sleep apnea with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among Medicare beneficiaries.
This letter to the editor describes a claims-based study of Medicare beneficiaries conducted by the authors that examined the diagnosed prevalence and trend of overlap syndrome (the coexistence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD] and obstructive sleep apnea [OSA] in a single individual). A total of 159,084 patients with COPD were included in the study; 11 percent had coexisting OSA. Data were gathered from multiple files: the Medicare Denominator File, the Medicare Provider Analysis and Review File, the Outpatient Standard Analytic File, the 100% Physician/Supplier Data File, and the Durable Medical Equipment File. Medicare enrollment files were used to gather information on patient characteristics and categorize subjects by age, sex, race, and socioeconomic status. The authors note that the prevalence of diagnosed overlap syndrome has increased fourfold during the 10-year study period.
AHRQ-funded; HS020642; HS022134.
Citation: Starr P, Agarwal A, Singh G . Obstructive sleep apnea with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among Medicare beneficiaries. Ann Am Thorac Soc 2019 Jan;16(1):153-56. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201712-932OC..
Keywords: Chronic Conditions, Respiratory Conditions, Medicare, Sleep Problems, Sleep Apnea
Donovan LM, Rise PJ, Carson SS
Sleep disturbance in smokers with preserved pulmonary function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
This study compared the magnitude and correlates of sleep disturbance between smokers with preserved pulmonary function and those with airflow obstruction. It found that among smokers with clinically identified chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the severity of sleep disturbance is greater among those with preserved pulmonary function compared to those with airflow obstruction. Non-respiratory symptoms, such as depression, were associated with sleep disturbance in both groups.
Citation: Donovan LM, Rise PJ, Carson SS . Sleep disturbance in smokers with preserved pulmonary function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Ann Am Thorac Soc 2017 Dec;14(12):1836-43. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201706-453OC.
Keywords: Respiratory Conditions, Sleep Problems, Sleep Apnea, Tobacco Use, Chronic Conditions
Wilson KC, Gould MK, Krishnan JA
An official American Thoracic Society workshop report. A framework for addressing multimorbidity in clinical practice guidelines for pulmonary disease, critical illness, and sleep disorders.
The American Thoracic Society convened a workshop to establish a strategy to address multimorbidity within clinical practice guidelines. This report describes a framework that addresses multimorbidity in each of the key steps of guideline development: topic selection, panel composition, identifying clinical questions, searching for and synthesizing evidence, rating the quality of that evidence, summarizing benefits and harms, formulating recommendations, and rating the strength of the recommendations.
Citation: Wilson KC, Gould MK, Krishnan JA . An official American Thoracic Society workshop report. A framework for addressing multimorbidity in clinical practice guidelines for pulmonary disease, critical illness, and sleep disorders. Ann Am Thorac Soc 2016 Mar;13(3):S12-21. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201601-007ST.
Keywords: Sleep Problems, Guidelines, Evidence-Based Practice, Chronic Conditions, Respiratory Conditions