Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Michelson KA, Samuels-Kalow ME
Association of elementary school reopening status and county COVID-19 incidence.
This study examined the association between elementary school opening status (ESOS) and pediatric COVID-19 incidence. The authors conducted a cross-sectional study of US counties with school districts with ≥500 elementary school students. The main exposure was ESOS in September 2020 and outcome was county incidence of COVID-19. Among 3220 US counties, 19.2% were remote, 12.1% were hybrid, and 62.8% were in person. In unadjusted models, COVID-19 incidence after school started was higher among children in hybrid or in-person counties compared with remote only counties. After adjusting for local COVID-19 incidence, the incidence rate ratio compared with remote counties was 1.01 in hybrid counties and 0.79 in in-person counties.
Citation: Michelson KA, Samuels-Kalow ME . Association of elementary school reopening status and county COVID-19 incidence. Acad Pediatr 2022 May-Jun;22(4):667-70. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2021.09.006..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, COVID-19, Public Health, Education
Yoo BK, Schaffer SJ, Humiston SG
Cost effectiveness of school-located influenza vaccination programs for elementary and secondary school children.
This paper describes a clinical trial which created a school-located influenza vaccination (SLIV) program in upstate New York. Researchers wanted to determine if this was a cost-effective alternative to vaccination in primary care practices. Two groups of students were vaccinated – one in an elementary school and the other in a secondary school. Secondary school vaccinations were more cost-effective than elementary schools with a lower median cost per vaccination. The authors concluded that it does raise vaccination rates, but it is not cost-effective due to the higher costs for consent systems and project coordination.
Citation: Yoo BK, Schaffer SJ, Humiston SG . Cost effectiveness of school-located influenza vaccination programs for elementary and secondary school children. BMC Health Serv Res 2019 Jun 24;19(1):407. doi: 10.1186/s12913-019-4228-5..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Education, Healthcare Costs, Influenza, Public Health, Vaccination, Value
Szilagyi PG, Schaffer S, Rand CM
School-located influenza vaccinations for adolescents: a randomized controlled trial.
In this study, the investigators aimed to evaluate the effect of school-located influenza vaccination (SLIV) on adolescents' influenza vaccination rates. In 2015-2016, they performed a cluster-randomized trial of adolescent SLIV in middle/high schools. They concluded that SLIV in this community increased influenza vaccination rates among adolescents attending suburban schools.
Citation: Szilagyi PG, Schaffer S, Rand CM . School-located influenza vaccinations for adolescents: a randomized controlled trial. J Adolesc Health 2018 Feb;62(2):157-63. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2017.09.021..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Education, Influenza, Prevention, Public Health, Vaccination