Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Byrnes ME, Varlamos CJ, Rivard SJ
"You're used to being the one that can fix things…": a qualitative snapshot of colorectal surgeons during COVID-19.
This viewpoint article reflects the narratives of 58 colorectal surgeons who engaged in an in-depth qualitative interview during the COVID-19 shutdown of elective surgeries. The goal for reporting these findings is to offer a snapshot of surgeon perspectives on the delays of elective surgeries and to give voice to surgeons who were unable to perform most or all their duties as a surgeon.
AHRQ-funded; HS025365; HS000053.
Citation: Byrnes ME, Varlamos CJ, Rivard SJ . "You're used to being the one that can fix things…": a qualitative snapshot of colorectal surgeons during COVID-19. Dis Colon Rectum 2020 Dec;63(12):1575-78. doi: 10.1097/dcr.0000000000001818..
Keywords: Surgery, Provider: Physician, Provider, COVID-19, Public Health, Infectious Diseases
Woodard JA, Leekha S, Jackson SS
Beyond entry and exit: Hand hygiene at the bedside.
This study assessed compliance with, knowledge of, and attitudes toward the World Health Organization (WHO) 5 moments for hand hygiene (HH) using a modified WHO HH observation form and a survey that assessed health care personnel (HCP) knowledge, opinions, and barriers to HH. Of the 218 HCPs who completed the survey, less than one-third were familiar with the WHO 5 moments and only 21& of that group could recall the 5 moments. 302 HH opportunities in 104 unique HCP-patient interactions were observed, but with infrequent compliance. The researchers conclude that lack of recognition of opportunities at the bedside and for glove use may contribute to low compliance.
Citation: Woodard JA, Leekha S, Jackson SS . Beyond entry and exit: Hand hygiene at the bedside. Am J Infect Control 2019 May;47(5):487-91. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2018.10.026..
Keywords: Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Infectious Diseases, Patient Safety, Prevention, Provider, Public Health
Dixon BE, Zhang Z, Lai PTS
Completeness and timeliness of notifiable disease reporting: a comparison of laboratory and provider reports submitted to a large county health department.
This study analyzed patterns of reporting as well as data completeness and timeliness for traditional, passive reporting of notifiable disease by two distinct sources of information: hospital and clinic staff versus clinical laboratory staff. Laboratory reports were received, on average, 2.2 days after diagnosis versus a week for provider reports.
Citation: Dixon BE, Zhang Z, Lai PTS . Completeness and timeliness of notifiable disease reporting: a comparison of laboratory and provider reports submitted to a large county health department. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2017 Jun 23;17(1):87. doi: 10.1186/s12911-017-0491-8.
Keywords: Public Health, Health Information Technology (HIT), Health Information Exchange (HIE), Provider
Revere D, Hills RH, Dixon BE
Notifiable condition reporting practices: implications for public health agency participation in a health information exchange.
The researchers sought to better understand the barriers to and burden of notifiable condition reporting from the perspectives of clinic physicians, interviews with clinic reporters, and interviews with public health workers involved in reporting workflow. A strong recommendation generated by their findings is that, given their central role in reporting, clinic reporters are a significant target audience for public health outreach and education that aims to alleviate perceived reporting burden and improve reporting knowledge.
Citation: Revere D, Hills RH, Dixon BE . Notifiable condition reporting practices: implications for public health agency participation in a health information exchange. BMC Public Health 2017 Mar 11;17(1):247. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4156-4.
Keywords: Health Information Exchange (HIE), Public Health, Infectious Diseases, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Provider: Physician, Provider: Clinician, Provider