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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Bowman JA, Jurkovich GJ, Nuño M
Hospital-level intensive care unit admission for patients with isolated blunt abdominal solid organ injury.
This study’s objective was to determine the optimal level of care for hemodynamically stable patients with isolated blunt hepatic, renal, or splenic injuries. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the 2015 and 2016 National Trauma Data Bank. The intervariability of intensive care unit (ICU) admission for these patients was determined. Hospitals were categorized into quartiles based on the proportion of eligible patients admitted to an ICU. Primary outcomes were a composite of organ failure, infection, or death during hospitalization. Findings were that greater hospital-level ICU use was not associated with a decreased likelihood of the composite outcome or infection or death. These outcomes were fairly rare to begin with.
Citation: Bowman JA, Jurkovich GJ, Nuño M . Hospital-level intensive care unit admission for patients with isolated blunt abdominal solid organ injury. J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2020 Mar;88(3):408-15. doi: 10.1097/ta.0000000000002581.
Keywords: Injuries and Wounds, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Critical Care, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Evidence-Based Practice
Williams CN, Hartman ME, McEvoy CT
Sleep-wake disturbances after acquired brain injury in children surviving critical care.
Sleep-wake disturbances are underevaluated among children with acquired brain injury surviving critical care. In this prospective cohort study, the investigators aimed to quantify severity, phenotypes, and risk factors for sleep-wake disturbances. The investigators concluded that over half of children surviving critical care with acquired brain injury have sleep-wake disturbances. They indicated that many sleep-wake disturbances phenotypes were identified, but most children had disturbance in initiation and maintenance of sleep.
Citation: Williams CN, Hartman ME, McEvoy CT . Sleep-wake disturbances after acquired brain injury in children surviving critical care. Pediatr Neurol 2020 Feb;103:43-51. doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2019.08.010..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Brain Injury, Critical Care, Sleep Problems, Trauma, Injuries and Wounds, Neurological Disorders
Bunnell KL, Zullo AR, Collins C
Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus pneumonia in critically ill trauma and burn patients: a retrospective cohort study.
The authors sought to determine the incidence of MRSA pneumonia in early-onset and late-onset pneumonia and to identify risk factors for MRSA in the trauma-burn intensive care unit (ICU). They found that the 11.4% overall incidence of MRSA pneumonia in the studied trauma-burn cohort was similar to what has been reported in other trauma populations, although MRSA was equally likely to be identified in early- and late-onset pneumonia. They suggested that risk factors other than duration of hospitalization may be important considerations in the decision to initiate MRSA-active empiric therapy for pneumonia in the trauma-burn ICU.
Citation: Bunnell KL, Zullo AR, Collins C . Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus pneumonia in critically ill trauma and burn patients: a retrospective cohort study. Surg Infect 2017 Feb/Mar;18(2):196-201. doi: 10.1089/sur.2016.115.
Keywords: Critical Care, Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Injuries and Wounds, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)