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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Trent SA, Jarou ZJ, Havranek EP
Variation in emergency department adherence to treatment guidelines for inpatient pneumonia and sepsis: a retrospective cohort study.
Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for the treatment of pneumonia and sepsis have existed for many years with multiple studies suggesting improved patient outcomes. Despite their importance, little is known about variation in emergency department (ED) adherence to these CPGs. The objectives of this study were to estimate variation in ED adherence across CPGs for pneumonia and sepsis and identify patient, provider, and environmental factors associated with adherence.
Citation: Trent SA, Jarou ZJ, Havranek EP . Variation in emergency department adherence to treatment guidelines for inpatient pneumonia and sepsis: a retrospective cohort study. Acad Emerg Med 2019 Aug;26(8):908-20. doi: 10.1111/acem.13639.
Keywords: Emergency Department, Evidence-Based Practice, Guidelines, Inpatient Care, Pneumonia, Sepsis
Trent SA, Havranek EP, Ginde AA
Effect of audit and feedback on physician adherence to clinical practice guidelines for pneumonia and sepsis.
This study examined the effect of feedback with blinded peer comparison on emergency physician adherence to guidelines for appropriate antibiotic administration for inpatient pneumonia and completion of the 3-hour Surviving Sepsis Bundle for patients with severe sepsis. A quasi-experiment was conducted with attending physicians randomized into 6 clusters at a single urban safety net hospital. Feedback with blinded peer comparison significantly improved guideline adherence from 52% to 65% with feedback.
Citation: Trent SA, Havranek EP, Ginde AA . Effect of audit and feedback on physician adherence to clinical practice guidelines for pneumonia and sepsis. Am J Med Qual 2019 May/Jun;34(3):217-25. doi: 10.1177/1062860618796947..
Keywords: Antibiotics, Emergency Department, Guidelines, Infectious Diseases, Inpatient Care, Medication, Pneumonia, Provider, Provider: Physician, Sepsis