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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Harrison MI, Shortell SM
AHRQ Author: Harrison MI
Multi-level analysis of the learning health system: Integrating contributions from research on organizations and implementation.
The authors have developed a comprehensive, multilevel framework to inform learning health systems (LHSs) research and practice in order to enhance both research on LHSs and practical steps toward their development. Drawing on the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research, the social-ecological framework, and the organizational change framework, their new framework can help investigators and practitioners broadly scan and then investigate forces influencing improvement and learning and may point to otherwise unnoticed interactions among influential factors.
Citation: Harrison MI, Shortell SM . Multi-level analysis of the learning health system: Integrating contributions from research on organizations and implementation. Learn Health Syst 2021 Apr;5(2):e10226. doi: 10.1002/lrh2.10226..
Keywords: Learning Health Systems, Healthcare Systems, Implementation, Organizational Change
Adler-Milstein J, Nong P, Friedman CP
AHRQ Author: Adler-Milstein J
Preparing healthcare delivery organizations for managing computable knowledge.
This article describes results of an AHRQ-funded conference where a group of experts from a range of fields examined the current state of knowledge management in healthcare delivery organizations. Conference presentations and discussions were recorded and analyzed by the authors in order to identify foundational concepts. The concepts identified are: the current state of knowledge management in healthcare delivery organizations is reliant upon an outdated biomedical library model, and only a small number of organizations have developed management approaches to push knowledge in computable form to frontline decisions; Learning Health Systems create a need for scalable computable knowledge management approaches; the ability to represent data science discoveries in computable form that are findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable is fundamental to spreading knowledge at scale.
Citation: Adler-Milstein J, Nong P, Friedman CP . Preparing healthcare delivery organizations for managing computable knowledge. Learn Health Syst 2019 Apr;3(2):e10070. doi: 10.1002/lrh2.10070..
Keywords: Healthcare Delivery, Learning Health Systems, Organizational Change, Healthcare Systems
Harrison MI, Grantham S
AHRQ Author: Harrison MI
Learning from implementation setbacks: identifying and responding to contextual challenges.
The authors addressed organizational learning about implementation context during setbacks to primary care redesign in an ambulatory system. They found that redesigned teams were not implemented as widely or rapidly as anticipated and did not deliver hoped-for gains in operational metrics; however, team redesign was leading to improvements in chronic care and prevention and eased provider burden. Redesign and system leaders engaged in more thorough organizational learning. Their responses to challenges helped to strengthen the redesign's prospects, improved the delivery system's position in its labor market, and helped the system prepare to meet emerging requirements for value-based care and population health.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; 2902010000341.
Citation: Harrison MI, Grantham S . Learning from implementation setbacks: identifying and responding to contextual challenges. Learn Health Syst 2018 Oct;2(4):e10068. doi: 10.1002/lrh2.10068..
Keywords: Organizational Change, Learning Health Systems, Healthcare Systems, Primary Care: Models of Care, Primary Care, Ambulatory Care and Surgery, Implementation
Nembhard IM, Morrow CT, Bradley EH
Implementing role-changing versus time-changing innovations in health care: differences in helpfulness of staff improvement teams, management, and network for learning.
This paper examined the hypothesis that the degree to which access to groups that can alter organizational learning depends on innovation type. Team representativeness and network membership were positively associated with implementing role-changing practices; while senior management engagement was positively associated with implementing time-changing practices. The authors concluded that these findings advance implementation science by explaining mixed results across past studies, that the nature of change for workers alters potential facilitators' effects on implementation.
Citation: Nembhard IM, Morrow CT, Bradley EH . Implementing role-changing versus time-changing innovations in health care: differences in helpfulness of staff improvement teams, management, and network for learning. Med Care Res Rev 2015 Dec;72(6):707-35. doi: 10.1177/1077558715592315.
Keywords: Implementation, Innovations and Emerging Issues, Healthcare Delivery, Organizational Change, Teams, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Learning Health Systems