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AHRQ Research Studies
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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Drendel AL, Brousseau DC, Casper TC
Opioid prescription patterns at emergency department discharge for children with fractures.
The authors sought to measure the variability in discharge opioid prescription practices for children discharged from the emergency department (ED) with a long-bone fracture. They found that, for children with a long-bone fracture, discharge opioid prescription varied widely by ED site of care. In addition, black patients, Hispanic patients, and patients with government insurance were less likely to be prescribed opioids. This variability in opioid prescribing was not accounted for by patient- or injury-related factors that are associated with increased pain.
Citation: Drendel AL, Brousseau DC, Casper TC . Opioid prescription patterns at emergency department discharge for children with fractures. Pain Med 2020 Sep;21(9):1947-54. doi: 10.1093/pm/pnz348..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Opioids, Medication, Emergency Department, Injuries and Wounds, Practice Patterns
Yun BJ, Borczuk P, Zachrison KS
Utilization of head CT during injury visits to United States emergency departments: 2012-2015.
This study examined national trends in utilization of head computed tomography (CT) imaging in emergency department (ED) patients presenting with an injury-related visit. Data from the US National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 2012 to 2015 was used to find ED patients who had at least one head CT. Overall there was an increase (11.7-13.23%) but it was not statistically significant.
Citation: Yun BJ, Borczuk P, Zachrison KS . Utilization of head CT during injury visits to United States emergency departments: 2012-2015. Am J Emerg Med 2018 Aug;36(8):1463-66. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.05.018..
Keywords: Healthcare Utilization, Emergency Department, Imaging, Injuries and Wounds, Practice Patterns