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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Kapoor N, Lacson R, Hammer M
Physician agreement with recommendations contained in a national guideline for the management of incidental pulmonary nodules: a case study.
This survey of physicians was used to determine agreement with recommendations in the national guideline for the management of incidental pulmonary nodules from the 2017 Fleischner Society Guidelines for Management of Incident Pulmonary Nodules (FSG). The FSG contains 18 unique recommendations which were codified into a clinical evidence logic statement (CELS) for this study. The FSG also included ratings for strength of evidence based on the American Society of Chest Physicians grading system. In order to internally grade the strength of evidence behind each recommendation, two medical librarians from the Harvard Library of Evidence analyzed each CELS independently and graded the recommendations based on the supporting clinical studies using the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based levels of evidence and the US Preventive Service Task Force I-scores. Nine physicians from a single large academic institution were then surveyed via SurveyMonkey to assess agreement with each of the 18 CELS. Agreement on each recommendation ranged from 0 to 100%. This study was meant to be exploratory and to test the hypothesis that guideline nonadherence may be partly affected by lack of physician agreement with guideline component recommendations.
Citation: Kapoor N, Lacson R, Hammer M . Physician agreement with recommendations contained in a national guideline for the management of incidental pulmonary nodules: a case study. J Am Coll Radiol 2020 Nov;17(11):1437-42. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2020.07.020..
Keywords: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), Guidelines, Evidence-Based Practice, Respiratory Conditions, Practice Patterns, Provider: Physician, Provider
Cotter JM, Tyler A, Reese J
Steroid variability in pediatric inpatient asthmatics: survey on provider preferences of dexamethasone versus prednisone.
This study looked at pediatric emergency department (ED) inpatient use of dexamethasone versus prednisone by providers for asthma treatment. A survey was distributed to providers who care for inpatient asthmatics. Ninety-two providers completed the survey. When patients received dexamethasone in the ED, 44% continued dexamethasone, 14% switched to prednisone, 2% stopped steroid use, and 40% said it depended on the circumstances. Hospitalists were significantly more likely to continue dexamethasone than pulmonologists (61% versus 15%). Switching to prednisone included factors such as severity of exacerbation (73%) and asthma history (47%). Just over half of providers (5f1%) felt uncomfortable using dexamethasone because of “minimal data to support [its] use inpatient.”
Citation: Cotter JM, Tyler A, Reese J . Steroid variability in pediatric inpatient asthmatics: survey on provider preferences of dexamethasone versus prednisone. J Asthma 2020 Sep;57(9):942-48. doi: 10.1080/02770903.2019.1622713..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Asthma, Respiratory Conditions, Medication, Inpatient Care, Care Management, Hospitalization, Emergency Department, Practice Patterns, Provider: Physician, Provider
Westafer LM, Kunz A, Bugajska P
Provider perspectives on the use of evidence-based risk stratification tools in the evaluation of pulmonary embolism: a qualitative study.
Providers often pursue imaging in patients at low risk of pulmonary embolism (PE), resulting in imaging yields <10% and false-positive imaging rates of 10% to 25%. Attempts to curb overtesting have had only modest success and no interventions have used implementation science frameworks. The objective of this study was to identify barriers and facilitators to the adoption of evidence-based diagnostic testing for PE.
Citation: Westafer LM, Kunz A, Bugajska P . Provider perspectives on the use of evidence-based risk stratification tools in the evaluation of pulmonary embolism: a qualitative study. Acad Emerg Med 2020 Jun;27(6):447-56. doi: 10.1111/acem.13908..
Keywords: Respiratory Conditions, Evidence-Based Practice, Diagnostic Safety and Quality, Imaging, Decision Making, Clinical Decision Support (CDS), Practice Patterns, Provider: Physician, Provider: Clinician, Provider