TeamSTEPPS®: Research/Evidence Base

Teams in Health Care

Baker, D. P., Salas, E., & Barach, P. (2003). Medical teamwork and patient safety: The evidence-based relation. Final Report 2003. Washington, DC: Center for Quality Improvement and Patient Safety and AHRQ and The Department of Defense. Select to access the archived report.

Baker, D. P., Salas, E., Barach, P., Battles, J., & Kin, H. (2007). The relation between teamwork and patient safety. In P. Carayon (Ed.), Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics in Health Care and Patient Safety (pp. 259-271). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Select to access the abstract.

Burke, C. S., Stagl, K. C., Klien, C., Goodwin, G. F., Salas, E., & Halpin, S. M. (2006). What type of leadership behaviors are functional in teams? A meta-analysis. Leadership Quarterly 17, 288-307. Select to access the abstract.

Burke, C. S., Stagl, K. C., Salas, E., Pierce, L., & Kendall, D. (2006). Understanding team adaption: A conceptual analysis and model. Journal of Applied Psychology 91, 1189-1207.

Harris, K, Treanor, C., & Salisbury, M. (2006). Improving patient safety with team coordination: Challenges and strategies of implementation. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing 35(4), 557-66. Select to access the abstract.

Jeffcott, S. A., & MacKenzie, C. F. (2008). Measuring team performance in healthcare: Review of research and implications for patient safety. Journal of Critical Care 23(2), 188-96. Select to access the abstract.

Johnson, H. L. & Kimsey, D. (2012). Patient safety: Break the silence. AORN Journal 95(5), 591-601. Select to access the abstract.

Lerner, S., Magrane, D., & Friedman, E. (2009). Teaching teamwork in medical education. The Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine, New York 76(4), 318-329. Select to access the abstract.

Mager, D. R. & Lange, J. (2013). Teambuilding across healthcare professions: The ELDER project. Applied Nurse Research. Select to access the abstract.

Maxfield, D., Grenny, J., McMillan, R., et al. Silencekills; The seven crucial conversations for healthcare. Select to access the abstract.

Morey, J. C., & Salisbury, M. (2002). Introducing teamwork training into healthcare organizations: Implementation issues and solutions. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 46th Annual Meeting. (pp. 2069-73), Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. The abstract can be accessed at:

Morrison, G., Goldfarb, S., & Lanken, P. N. (2009). Team training of medical students in the 21st century: Would Flexner approve? Academic Medicine 85(2), 254-9. Select to access the abstract.

O’Connell, M. T. &Pascoe, J. M. (2004). Undergraduate medical education for the 21st century: Leadership and teamwork.Family Medicine 36(Suppl), S51-6. Select to access the abstract.

Salas, E. & Frush, K. (Eds.). (2012). Improving patient safety through teamwork and team training. Oxford University Press.

Salas, E., Lazzara, E. H., Benishek, L. E. & King, H. (2013). On being a team player: Evidence-based heuristic for teamwork in interprofessional education. The Journal of the International Association of Medical Science Educators 23(3S), 524-531.

Salas, E., Almeida, S., Salisbury, M., et al. (2009). What are the critical success factors for implementing team training in health care? Joint Commission Journal on Quality & Patient Safety 35(8), 398-405. Select to access the abstract.

Shea-Lewis A. (2009). Teamwork: crew resource management in a community hospital. Journal of Healthcare Quality 31(5),14-18. Select to access the abstract.

Sheppard, F., Williams, M. & Klein V. R. (2013). TeamSTEPPS and patient safety in healthcare. Journal of Healthcare Risk Management 32(3), 5-10. Select to access the abstract.

Shortell, S. M., Marsteller, J. A., Lin, M., et al. (2004). The role of perceived team effectiveness in improving chronic illness care. Medical Care 42(11), 1040-48. Select to access the abstract.

Strasser, D. C., Smits, S. J., Falconer, J. A., Herrin, J. S., & Bowen, S. E. (2002). The influence of hospital culture on rehabilitation team functioning in VA hospitals. Journals of Rehabilitation Research and Development 39(1), 115-25. Select to access the abstract.

Weaver, S. J., Lyons, R., et al. (2010). The anatomy of health care team training and the state of practice: A critical review. Academy Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 85(11), 1746-60. Select to access the abstract.

Wilson, K. A., Burke, C. S., Priest, H. A., & Salas, E. (2005). Promoting health care safety through tracking high reliability teams. Quality and Safety in Health Care 14(4), 303-9. Select to access the abstract.

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Page last reviewed July 2015
Page originally created November 2014
Internet Citation: TeamSTEPPS®: Research/Evidence Base. Content last reviewed July 2015. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.