New Data Resource Provides Insights on Factors Related to Falls
October 24, 2023
AHRQ Stats: Racial Differences in Opioid Use Among Older Adults
In 2020-2021, 14 percent of non-Hispanic White adults aged 65 and older filled an opioid prescription on average annually, twice the rate of their Hispanic counterparts. (Source: AHRQ Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief #551, Any Use and “Frequent Use” of Opioids among Adults Aged 65 and Older in 2020-2021, by Socioeconomic Characteristics.)
- New Data Resource Provides Insights on Factors Related to Falls.
- AHRQ Topic Brief Supports Primary Care Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder.
- Register Now for Nov. 6 Webinar on Managing Urinary Incontinence in Primary Care.
- Highlights From AHRQ’s Patient Safety Network.
- New Research and Evidence From AHRQ.
- Searchable AHRQ Database Provides Access to Health Services Research Findings.
- AHRQ in the Professional Literature.
New Data Resource Provides Insights on Factors Related to Falls
A new Data Spotlight from AHRQ’s Network of Patient Safety Databases (NPSD) provides data on the most common interventions in place among patients who experienced a fall. It also highlights that strikingly similar falls interventions are used for patients with different demographics or risks. Falls are one of the most frequently reported patient safety events in the NPSD, second only to medication or other substance events. Healthcare organizations can use data from the resource to inform patient safety strategies based on increased understanding of factors most commonly associated with falls. Data for the analysis includes reports on patient safety concerns submitted from 2009 through 2021. The analysis was conducted through the use of Frequent Pattern Mining, a data mining approach that offers additional insights compared with traditional summary statistical methods. Access the NPSD Data Spotlight: Patterns of Fall Interventions (PDF, 4.5 MB) and additional NPSD Data Spotlights.
AHRQ Topic Brief Supports Primary Care Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder
The AHRQ Academy, which aims to promote and support the integration of behavioral health into primary and ambulatory care settings, has released a new topic brief to help primary care clinicians deliver low-threshold treatment for patients with opioid use disorder (OUD). Low-threshold treatment emphasizes removing the barriers common to conventional OUD treatment and prioritizes “medication first” through prescribing buprenorphine. The topic brief notes that caring for patients with OUD is a natural fit for primary care and its fundamental strengths: respect for the patient, long-term clinical relationships, nonstigmatizing support, a degree of comfort with uncertainty and a focus on whole-person care.
Register Now for Nov. 6 Webinar on Managing Urinary Incontinence in Primary Care
Registration is open for a webinar on Nov. 6 from 2 to 3:30 p.m. ET to showcase how five grantees from AHRQ’s EvidenceNOW: Managing Urinary Incontinence initiative are developing tools and strategies to help primary care practices implement effective nonsurgical treatments for urinary incontinence in women. About 30 percent of older women in the United States report moderate to severe urinary incontinence, which can increase depression and work disability. Many women, however, remain undiagnosed and untreated. Webinar presenters will highlight resources and methods that grantees have developed to help improve urinary incontinence care.
Highlights From AHRQ’s Patient Safety Network
AHRQ’s Patient Safety Network (PSNet) highlights journal articles, books and tools related to patient safety. Articles featured this week include:
- Do junior doctors make more prescribing errors than experienced doctors when prescribing electronically using a computerised physician order entry system combined with a clinical decision support system? A cross-sectional study.
- Adverse drug events caused by three high-risk drug-drug interactions in patients admitted to intensive care units: a multicentre retrospective observational study.
- Remote patient monitoring improves patient falls and reduces harm.
New Research and Evidence From AHRQ
- Technical Brief (draft open for comment): Long COVID Models of Care.
Searchable AHRQ Database Provides Access to Health Services Research Findings
Researchers looking for the latest research on topics ranging from diagnostic safety to primary care to health information technology can find it in AHRQ’s Research Studies database. This resource offers summaries of more than 10,000 published articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers. It includes summaries of journal articles, book chapters and working papers from 2013 to present. Updated monthly, the resource allows searching by keyword and provides links to journal abstracts. Access the database.
AHRQ in the Professional Literature
Cluster analysis driven by unsupervised latent feature learning of medications to identify novel pharmacophenotypes of critically ill patients. Sikora A, Jeong H, Yu M, et al. Sci Rep 2023 Sep 20;13(1):15562. Access the abstract on PubMed®.
Association between community social vulnerability and preventable hospitalizations. Hogg-Graham R, Benitez JA, Lacy ME, et al. Med Care Res Rev 2023 Sep 21. [Epub ahead of print.] Access the abstract on PubMed®.
Commercial health plan and enrollee out-of-pocket spending on accelerated approval products in 2019. Jazowski SA, Vaidya AU, Donohue JM, et al. JAMA Intern Med 2023 Sep;183(9):1016-8. Access the abstract on PubMed®.
Comparison of guideline concordant antibiotic prophylaxis in Veterans Affairs and non-Veterans Affairs dental settings among those with cardiac conditions or prosthetic joints. Ramanathan S, Evans CT, Hershow RC, et al. BMC Infect Dis 2023 Jun 23;23(1):427. Access the abstract on PubMed®.
Social and medical care integration practices among children's hospitals. Pantell MS, Holmgren AJ, Leary JC, et al. Hosp Pediatr 2023 Oct;13(10):886-94. Access the abstract on PubMed®.
Associations of flow disruptions with patient, staff, and process outcomes: a prospective observational study of robotic-assisted radical prostatectomies. Koch A, Quartucci C, Buchner A, et al. Surg Endosc 2023 Sep;37(9):6964-74. Epub 2023 Jun 19. Access the abstract on PubMed®.
Initiation of oral anticoagulation in US older adults newly diagnosed with atrial fibrillation during hospitalization. Troy AL, Herzig SJ, Trivedi S, et al. J Am Geriatr Soc 2023 Sep;71(9):2748-58. Epub 2023 Apr 24. Access the abstract on PubMed®.
Head Start's role in addressing food and nutrition insecurity: focus group findings. Jones SA, Schlundt DG, Bonnet KR, et al. J Nutr Educ Behav 2023 Aug;55(8):612-20. Epub 2023 Jun 17. Access the abstract on PubMed®.