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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 6 of 6 Research Studies Displayed
Prey JE, Restaino S, Vawdrey DK
Providing hospital patients with access to their medical records.
The researchers conducted two experiments to better understand clinician and patient perceptions about giving patients access to their medical records during hospital encounters. They found that increased patient information sharing in the inpatient setting is beneficial and desirable to patients, and generally acceptable to clinicians.
Citation: Prey JE, Restaino S, Vawdrey DK . Providing hospital patients with access to their medical records. AMIA Annu Symp Proc 2014 Nov 14;2014:1884-93.
Keywords: Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Inpatient Care, Patient and Family Engagement, Provider, Clinician-Patient Communication
Sherman M, Leland F, Ross B
Simopoly: improving simulation center operations through a tabletop simulation exercise.
In this article, the authors described a novel simulation, Simopoly, designed to provide the opportunity to think creatively about simulation center staff development, retention, and promotion in the context of daily operations and management.
AHRQ-funded; HS020295; HS022458.
Citation: Sherman M, Leland F, Ross B . Simopoly: improving simulation center operations through a tabletop simulation exercise. Simul Healthc 2014 Oct;9(5):304-11. doi: 10.1097/sih.0000000000000051.
Keywords: Provider, Quality Improvement, Training
Shelton J, Kummerow K, Phillips S
Patient safety in the era of the 80-hour workweek.
The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the effect of duty-hour regulations (DHR) on patient safety. The researchers found no differences in the patient safety indicator (PSI) rates over time for hemorrhage or hematoma, physiologic or metabolic derangement, accidental puncture or laceration, or wound dehiscence. Teaching hospitals had higher rates than non-teaching hospitals both preintervention and postintervention for all the PSIs except wound dehiscence.
Citation: Shelton J, Kummerow K, Phillips S . Patient safety in the era of the 80-hour workweek. J Surg Educ 2014 Jul-Aug;71(4):551-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2013.12.011.
Keywords: Adverse Events, Education: Continuing Medical Education, Patient Safety, Quality Indicators (QIs), Provider
O'Toole JK, West DC, Starmer AJ
Placing faculty development front and center in a multisite educational initiative: lessons from the I-PASS Handoff study.
The authors describe their experience developing a multi-institutional faculty development program to support the I-PASS (IIPE-PRIS Accelerating Safe Signouts) Study and offer a set of generalizable strategies to guide the creation of other large-scale, multi-institutional faculty development programs. They conclude that the lessons learned inform a set of key strategies that can be applied to a broad range of similar large-scale faculty development projects in the future.
Citation: O'Toole JK, West DC, Starmer AJ . Placing faculty development front and center in a multisite educational initiative: lessons from the I-PASS Handoff study. Acad Pediatr 2014 May-Jun;14(3):221-4. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2014.02.013.
Keywords: Education: Curriculum, Provider, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Transitions of Care
Bleser WK, Miller-Day M, Naughton D
Strategies for achieving whole-practice engagement and buy-in to the patient-centered medical home.
In this paper the authors describe strategies for obtaining organizational buy-in to and whole-staff engagement of patient-centered medical home (PCMH) transformation and practice improvement. The investigators suggest that their study provides a list of strategies useful for facilitating PCMH transformation in primary care. They assert that these strategies could be investigated empirically in future research, used to guide medical practices undergoing or considering PCMH transformation, and used to inform health care policy makers.
Citation: Bleser WK, Miller-Day M, Naughton D . Strategies for achieving whole-practice engagement and buy-in to the patient-centered medical home. Ann Fam Med 2014 Jan-Feb;12(1):37-45. doi: 10.1370/afm.1564..
Keywords: Patient-Centered Healthcare, Organizational Change, Primary Care: Models of Care, Primary Care, Practice Improvement, Provider: Nurse, Provider: Physician, Provider: Clinician, Provider
Sokas R, Braun B, Chenven L
AHRQ Author: Hogan E
Frontline hospital workers and the worker safety/patient safety nexus.
This article reported on panels and small-group discussions from a day-long workshop held in Washington, D.C., on October 25, 2012, to explore whether and how hospital-based frontline health care workers (HCWs) affect patient safety and how they experience safety in their work settings. Conference sponsors included AHRQ, and workshop sessions focused on the intersection of worker safety and patient safety and on specific steps that health care institutions have used to implement a culture of safety in the workplace.
Citation: Sokas R, Braun B, Chenven L . Frontline hospital workers and the worker safety/patient safety nexus. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2013 Apr;39(4):185-92.
Keywords: Provider, Organizational Change, Patient Safety, Hospitals