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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 25 of 41 Research Studies Displayed
Kim B, Mulready-Ward C, Thorpe LE
Housing environments and asthma outcomes within population-based samples of adults and children in NYC.
This study assessed the relationship between housing type (i.e., home ownership, public housing, rental assistance, rent-controlled housing, and other rental housing) and asthma outcomes among New York City (NYC) adults and children (ages 1-13). The authors used the 2019 NYC Community Health Survey (CHS) and 2019 NYC KIDS survey to analyze associations between housing type and ever having been diagnosed with asthma (“ever asthma”) and experiencing an asthma attack within the past year. They also examined whether associations were modified by smoking status (among adults), smoking within the house (among children), and overweight/obesity. Among adults, living in public housing, compared to home ownership, was associated with higher odds of ever asthma and past-year asthma attack. Rental assistance housing living was also significantly associated with ever asthma. Public or rental assistance housing associations and ever asthma were marginally significant among children but were more pronounced among ever smokers than among never smokers.
Citation: Kim B, Mulready-Ward C, Thorpe LE . Housing environments and asthma outcomes within population-based samples of adults and children in NYC. Prev Med 2022 Aug;161:107147. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2022.107147..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Asthma, Respiratory Conditions, Social Determinants of Health, Vulnerable Populations, Urban Health, Chronic Conditions
Hashemi A, Vasquez K, Guishard D
Implementing dash-aligned congregate meals and self-measured blood pressure in two senior centers: An open label study.
This study tested whether implementing two evidence-based interventions--DASH-aligned meals provided through an existing congregate meal program, and support for home Self-Measured Blood Pressure (SMBP) monitoring--lowers blood pressure among participants at two senior centers serving low-income, racially diverse communities. Participants were clients aged ≥60, eating ≥4 meals/week at two NYC senior centers. They received DASH-aligned congregate meals, and training in nutrition, BP management education, and personal SMBP device. Primary outcomes was a) change in systolic BP measured by independent health professionals, and b) change in percent with "controlled BP" (Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC-8) Guidelines), at Month 1 compared to Baseline. The authors enrolled 94 participants, with COVID closures interrupting implementation mid-study. Mean systolic BP at Month-1 changed by -4.41 mmHg compared to Baseline. Participants with controlled BP increased at Month 1 and changes in mean BP at Month 1 was significantly correlated with BMI, age, and baseline BP. Mean systolic mean SMBP changed by -6.9 mmHg at Months 5/6.
Citation: Hashemi A, Vasquez K, Guishard D . Implementing dash-aligned congregate meals and self-measured blood pressure in two senior centers: An open label study. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2022 Aug;32(8):1998-2009. doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2022.05.018..
Keywords: Elderly, Blood Pressure, Community-Based Practice, Patient Self-Management, Nutrition, Lifestyle Changes, Vulnerable Populations
McDowell A, Myong C, Tevis D
Sexual orientation and gender identity data reporting among U.S. health centers.
This study examined sexual orientation and gender identity data reporting among community health centers. The study used the 2016-2019 Uniform Data System for 1,381 community health centers to look at trends in reporting. From 2016 to 2016, the percentage of community health centers with sexual orientation and gender identity data for ≥75% of patients increased from 14.9% to 53.0%. In 2019, community health centers were more likely to have this data for ≥75% of patients if they were in nonmetro counties versus metro, were in the South or West (versus Northeast), and had more patients aged between 18 and 39 years, between 40 and 64 years (versus <18 years), or veterans. This was less likely among smaller community health centers serving 10-20,000 patients or >20,000 patients, and centers with more patients of American Indian/Alaskan Native or unknown race (versus White).
Citation: McDowell A, Myong C, Tevis D . Sexual orientation and gender identity data reporting among U.S. health centers. Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun;62(6):e325-e32. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2021.12.017..
Keywords: Vulnerable Populations, Community-Based Practice
Adolphe S, Fernandez-Pastrana I, Scott H
EASE-ing the way for pediatric providers and parents: the Engagement and Access to Special Education (EASE) Clinic.
Primary Care Providers (PCPs) are tasked by the American Academy of Pediatrics to identify children who need special education and ensure that those children receive appropriate related services provided by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The IDEA entitles children between the ages of 3 and 21 to free education through individualized education programs (IEPs), and other related supports. The extent of PCP knowledge about the IDEA, special education, and available related support services and how to assess them, is largely unknown. Existing research indicates there is a lack of knowledge, training, and confidence in providers about special education. Boston Medical Center’s (BMC) Engagement and Access to Special Education (EASE) clinic was developed to provide support to the parents and PCPs of children with special education needs. The purpose of this article was to introduce and describe the EASE clinical model as a useful method for PCPs to strengthen their ability to provide appropriate and available comprehensive care to their patients requiring special education. The authors reported that of the 14,000 pediatric patients at the Boston Medical Center, 308 children were referred to the EASE clinic between its inception in 2017 and May 2021. The majority of children were Black non-Hispanic, English-speaking, and male, with an average age of 8.3 at first clinic. During that same time 452 total visits were completed, with a waiting list of less than 90 days. The authors conclude that for primary care practices with patients with special education needs, the BMC EASE clinic can serve as a useful model for improving their ability to provide care.
Citation: Adolphe S, Fernandez-Pastrana I, Scott H . EASE-ing the way for pediatric providers and parents: the Engagement and Access to Special Education (EASE) Clinic. Acad Pediatr 2022 May-Jun;24(4):705-07. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2022.02.011..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Caregiving, Patient and Family Engagement, Vulnerable Populations, Disabilities
Cole MB, Nguyen KH, Byhoff E, Byhoff E
Screening for social risk at federally qualified health centers: a national study.
In the United States, millions of low-income patients have unaddressed social risks. Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) provide services to approximately 29.8 million low-income patients, and data on social risk screening capabilities had never been collected across all FQHCs until 2019. The purpose of this study was to analyze the social risk screening capabilities across the FQHCs, report the national rates, identify screening predictors, and compare rates between states. The researchers collected data from the 2019 Uniform Data System from all 1,384 FQHCs across the U.S., with a primary outcome of determining whether each FQHC collected data on their patients’ social risk factors. The researchers also estimated the relationship between the characteristics of 7 FQHCs (such as their size, and various Medicare features), and their probability of conducting social risk screening. The study reported that 71% of FQHCs collected information on social risks, with variances between states. The researchers concluded that while the majority of FQHCs collect data on social risk factors, there are disparities between different states, and that smaller FQHCs may benefit from having social risk screening resources focused on them and may increase their use of screening tools and practices.
Citation: Cole MB, Nguyen KH, Byhoff E, Byhoff E . Screening for social risk at federally qualified health centers: a national study. Am J Prev Med 2022 May;62(5):670-78. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2021.11.008..
Keywords: Social Determinants of Health, Vulnerable Populations, Screening
Grove LR, Berkowitz SA, Cuddeback G
Permanent supportive housing tenure among a heterogeneous population of adults with disabilities.
This study analyzed the permanent supportive housing (PSH) tenure among a heterogenous population of 2093 adults with disabilities participating in a North Carolina PSH program between 2015 and 2018. Participants had a 71% probability of remaining in the housing after 2 years. A lower hazard of PSH departure was associated with older age, female gender, and non-Hispanic/Black race/ethnicity. Severe mental illness was associated with greater departure hazard.
Citation: Grove LR, Berkowitz SA, Cuddeback G . Permanent supportive housing tenure among a heterogeneous population of adults with disabilities. Popul Health Manag 2022 Apr;25(2):227-34. doi: 10.1089/pop.2021.0348..
Keywords: Disabilities, Vulnerable Populations
Kenney MK, Chanlongbutra A, Fanflick PL
AHRQ Author: Chanlongbutra A
Systems of care among children and youth with special health care needs with and without adverse childhood events: National Survey of Children's Health 2016-2017.
The purpose of the study was to compare Children and Youth with Special Health Care Needs (CYSHCN) with non-CYSHCN in the likelihood of experiencing Adverse Childhood Events (ACEs), and then document the differences in receiving recommended and needed health care services among CYSHCS with and without ACEs. The researchers studied a sample of 16,304 CYSHCN from the 2016 and 2017 National Survey of Children’s Health (N=71,181). The study found that CYHSCN had a greater likelihood of having each of the measured Adverse Childhood Events, and greater likelihood of experiencing aggregated levels of ACE’s than non-CYSHCN. In addition, an increase in ACEs was related to a decrease in the likelihood of a CYSHCN having a medical home with family-centered and coordinated care. Having one or greater ACEs increased the likelihood of having unmet mental health care needs. The study concluded that the researcher’s findings extend the current understanding of the relationship between CYSHCN and ACEs, and that the need for additional work to establish care systems for this vulnerable population continues.
Citation: Kenney MK, Chanlongbutra A, Fanflick PL . Systems of care among children and youth with special health care needs with and without adverse childhood events: National Survey of Children's Health 2016-2017. Disabil Health J 2022 Apr;15(2):101226. doi: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2021.101226..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Disabilities, Healthcare Delivery, Vulnerable Populations
Behr CL, Hull P, Hsu J
Geographic access to federally qualified health centers before and after the Affordable Care Act.
Funding for Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) increased with the advent of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The purpose of this study was to define FQHC service areas based on patient use and examine the characteristics of areas that gained FQHC access post-ACA. The researchers first defined FQHC service areas using total patient counts by ZIP code from the Uniform Data System (UDS) and then compared that approach with other methods. The authors then compared the characteristics of ZIP codes from Medically Underserved Areas/ Populations (MUA/Ps) that gained access to FQHCs between 2011-2015, with MUA/P ZIP codes that did not gain access to FQHCs during that same time period. The study found that FQHC service areas based on the UDS data included a larger percentage of FQHC patients and a higher use of FQHCs among low-income residents, on average, than Primary Care Service Areas or counties. The researchers also discovered that MUA/Ps that gained access to an FQHC between 2011 and 2015 included more poor, publicly insured, uninsured, and foreign born residents than underserved areas that did not gain access. The study concluded that measures of actual patient use are a useful method of assessing FQHC service areas and access.
Citation: Behr CL, Hull P, Hsu J . Geographic access to federally qualified health centers before and after the Affordable Care Act. BMC Health Serv Res 2022 Mar 23;22(1):385. doi: 10.1186/s12913-022-07685-0..
Keywords: Access to Care, Uninsured, Safety Net, Vulnerable Populations
Riviello ED, Dechen T, O'Donoghue AL
Assessment of a crisis standards of care scoring system for resource prioritization and estimated excess mortality by race, ethnicity, and socially vulnerable area during a regional surge in COVID-19.
Researchers analyzed the association of a crisis standards of care (CSOC) scoring system with resource prioritization and estimated excess mortality by race, ethnicity, and residence in a socially vulnerable area during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using data from 6 hospitals in greater Boston, Massachusetts, they found that a CSOC priority score resulted in lower prioritization of Black patients to receive scarce resources. Also, a model using a random lottery resulted in more estimated excess deaths overall without improving equity by race.
Citation: Riviello ED, Dechen T, O'Donoghue AL . Assessment of a crisis standards of care scoring system for resource prioritization and estimated excess mortality by race, ethnicity, and socially vulnerable area during a regional surge in COVID-19. JAMA Netw Open 2022 Mar;5(3):e221744. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.1744..
Keywords: COVID-19, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Mortality, Public Health, Vulnerable Populations
Wang J, Ying M, Li Y
Home health agencies with more socially vulnerable patients have poorer experience of care ratings.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between Medicare dual eligibility and race/ ethnicity when exploring Medicare-certified Home Health Agencies (CHHAs) and experience of care ratings. The researchers analyzed the 2017 national Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems and matched datasets of 10,906 CHHAs and found that CHHAs with higher concentrations of dual-eligible patients were less likely to have high experience of care ratings. In addition, CHHAs with higher proportions of racial/ ethnic minorities were less likely to have high experience of care ratings in the domains of care delivery, communication, and specific care issues.
Citation: Wang J, Ying M, Li Y . Home health agencies with more socially vulnerable patients have poorer experience of care ratings. J Appl Gerontol 2022 Mar;41(3):661-70. doi: 10.1177/07334648211053859..
Keywords: Elderly, Home Healthcare, Vulnerable Populations, Provider Performance
Porteny T, Ponce N, Sommers BD
Immigrants and the Affordable Care Act: changes in coverage and access to care by documentation status.
This study used data from the California Health Interview Survey (2003-2016) to compare changes in health coverage and access to care among immigrants in California before and after the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The authors found that the ACA has led to major gains in coverage for lawful permanent residents in California, but unauthorized immigrants experienced only modest increases in coverage. This result widened the disparity in uninsured rates for unauthorized immigrants relative to citizens considerably since 2014.
Citation: Porteny T, Ponce N, Sommers BD . Immigrants and the Affordable Care Act: changes in coverage and access to care by documentation status. J Immigr Minor Health 2022 Feb;24(1):86-94. doi: 10.1007/s10903-020-01124-0..
Keywords: Access to Care, Health Insurance, Uninsured, Vulnerable Populations
Kronk CA, Everhart AR, Ashley F
Transgender data collection in the electronic health record: current concepts and issues.
The authors present recommendations and common pitfalls involving sex- and gender-related data collection in electronic health records (EHRs) regarding the over 1 million transgender people living in the United States. They also briefly discuss adequate additions to the EHR considering name and pronoun usage. They conclude that collaborations between local transgender and gender-diverse persons and medication providers as well as open inclusion of transgender and gender-diverse individuals on terminology and standards boards is crucial to shifting the paradigm in transgender and gender-diverse health.
AHRQ-funded; HS026385; HS000029.
Citation: Kronk CA, Everhart AR, Ashley F . Transgender data collection in the electronic health record: current concepts and issues. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2022 Jan 12;29(2):271-84. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocab136..
Keywords: Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Vulnerable Populations
Mojica CM, Gunn R, Pham R
An observational study of workflows to support fecal testing for colorectal cancer screening in primary care practices serving Medicaid enrollees.
This study was conducted to describe clinical workflows for fecal immunochemical tests/fecal occult blood tests (FIT/FOBT) in Oregon primary care practices and to identify specific workflow processes that might be associated with higher colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates. Findings showed that primary care practices with higher CRC screening rates among newly age-eligible Medicaid enrollees had more established visit-based and population outreach workflows to support identifying patients due for screening, FIT/FOBT distribution, reminders, and follow up. Higher CRC screening was associated with having medical assistants discuss and review FIT/FOBT screening and instructions with patients.
Citation: Mojica CM, Gunn R, Pham R . An observational study of workflows to support fecal testing for colorectal cancer screening in primary care practices serving Medicaid enrollees. BMC Cancer 2022 Jan 25;22(1):106. doi: 10.1186/s12885-021-09106-7..
Keywords: Workflow, Screening, Cancer: Colorectal Cancer, Cancer, Primary Care, Vulnerable Populations
Sequeira GM, Boyer T, Coulter RWS
Healthcare experiences of gender diverse youth across clinical settings.
The objectives of this study were to describe the current experiences of gender diverse youth in healthcare settings outside of multidisciplinary gender clinics and determine how healthcare experiences differ by gender identity and across settings, with the goal of informing interventions that can create more gender-affirming health systems.
Citation: Sequeira GM, Boyer T, Coulter RWS . Healthcare experiences of gender diverse youth across clinical settings. J Pediatr 2022 Jan;240:251-55. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.08.089..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Patient Experience, Case Study, Vulnerable Populations
Davidson L, Haynes SC, Favila-Meza A
Parent experience and cost savings associated with a novel tele-physiatry program for children living in rural and underserved communities.
This study investigated patient and therapist experience and cost savings from the payer perspective associated with a novel tele-physiatry program for children living in rural and underserved communities. Study setting was four school-based clinics in Northern California with a total of 268 encounters (124 telemedicine and 144 in-person). Parent and therapists reported no difference in experience and perceived quality of care between telemedicine and in-person encounters. For parents whose children received a telemedicine encounter, 54.8% reported no preference for their child’s subsequent encounter, 28.8% preferred a physiatrist telemedicine visit, and 12 preferred a physiatrist in-person visit. There was also an average cost savings of $100 per clinic owing to physician milage for in-person visits.
Citation: Davidson L, Haynes SC, Favila-Meza A . Parent experience and cost savings associated with a novel tele-physiatry program for children living in rural and underserved communities. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Jan;103(1):8-13. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2021.07.807..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Telehealth, Health Information Technology (HIT), Healthcare Costs, Rural Health, Vulnerable Populations, Disabilities, Rehabilitation
Castaneda-Guarderas A, Glassbereg J, Grudzen CR
Shared decision making with vulnerable populations in the emergency department.
The authors introduce a research agenda that includes community-engaged approaches, mixed-methods studies, and cost-effectiveness analyses to address questions of shared decision making (SDM) among vulnerable groups at a disadvantage in the healthcare system, as well as changes that are needed, and how to cultivate and teach these competencies.
Citation: Castaneda-Guarderas A, Glassbereg J, Grudzen CR . Shared decision making with vulnerable populations in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med 2016 Dec;23(12):1410-16. doi: 10.1111/acem.13134.
Keywords: Cultural Competence, Decision Making, Emergency Department, Patient and Family Engagement, Vulnerable Populations
Sarkar U, Gourley GI, Lyles CR
Usability of commercially available mobile applications for diverse patients.
The objective of this study was to investigate the usability of existing mobile health applications ("apps") for diabetes, depression, and caregiving, in order to facilitate development and tailoring of patient-facing apps for diverse populations. Participants completed 43 percent of tasks across 11 apps without assistance. Three themes emerged from participant comments: lack of confidence with technology, frustration with design features and navigation, and interest in having technology to support their self-management.
Citation: Sarkar U, Gourley GI, Lyles CR . Usability of commercially available mobile applications for diverse patients. J Gen Intern Med 2016 Dec;31(12):1417-26. doi: 10.1007/s11606-016-3771-6.
Keywords: Chronic Conditions, Health Information Technology (HIT), Patient Self-Management, Telehealth, Vulnerable Populations
Heerman WJ, Mitchell SJ, Thompson J
Parental perception of built environment characteristics and built environment use among Latino families: a cross-sectional study.
The researchers examined the association of perceived availability, condition, and safety of the built environment with its self-reported use for physical activity among underserved families with children at risk for obesity. In their sample of underserved families, perceived availability and condition of built environment structures were associated with use rather than perceived safety.
Citation: Heerman WJ, Mitchell SJ, Thompson J . Parental perception of built environment characteristics and built environment use among Latino families: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 2016 Nov 22;16(1):1180. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3854-7.
Keywords: Obesity, Social Determinants of Health, Children/Adolescents, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Vulnerable Populations
Sobotka SA, Msall ME
Supporting vulnerable children after life-threatening neonatal illness: opportunities for improving outcomes.
This article discusses two articles in the same issue, one involving kindergarten readiness after prematurity, and the other examining medical and surgical factors impacting children with congenital heart disease (CHD) and their later school age achievement test performance. The authors state that these two articles provide evidence for longitudinal support of infants who survive critical illness.
Citation: Sobotka SA, Msall ME . Supporting vulnerable children after life-threatening neonatal illness: opportunities for improving outcomes. J Pediatr 2016 Nov;178:12-14. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.07.037.
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Newborns/Infants, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Children/Adolescents, Vulnerable Populations
Beckman AL, Bilinski A, Boyko R
New hepatitis C drugs are very costly and unavailable to many state prisoners.
This study found that in the forty-one states whose departments of corrections reported data, 106,266 inmates (10 percent of their prisoners) were known to have hepatitis C on or about January 1, 2015. Only 949 of those inmates were being treated. Prices for a twelve-week course of direct-acting antivirals such as sofosbuvir and the combination drug ledipasvir/sofosbuvir varied widely as of September 30, 2015 ($43,418-$84,000 and $44,421-$94,500, respectively).
Citation: Beckman AL, Bilinski A, Boyko R . New hepatitis C drugs are very costly and unavailable to many state prisoners. Health Aff 2016 Oct;35(10):1893-901. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2016.0296.
Keywords: Access to Care, Healthcare Costs, Hepatitis, Medication, Vulnerable Populations
Goff SL, Mazor KM, Pekow PS
Patient navigators and parent use of quality data: a randomized trial.
The authors explored the effectiveness of strategies to overcome barriers in vulnerable populations. They found that an intervention to reduce barriers to using publicly reported health care quality data had a modest effect on patient choice, suggesting that factors other than performance on common publicly reported quality metrics have a stronger influence on which pediatric practices women choose.
Citation: Goff SL, Mazor KM, Pekow PS . Patient navigators and parent use of quality data: a randomized trial. Pediatrics 2016 Oct;138(4). doi: 10.1542/peds.2016-1140.
Keywords: Decision Making, Quality of Care, Public Reporting, Quality Indicators (QIs), Vulnerable Populations
Gao Y, Nocon RS, Gunter KE
AHRQ Author: Ngo-Metzger Q
Characteristics associated with patient-centered medical home capability in health centers: a cross-sectional analysis.
The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model is being implemented in health centers (HCs) that provide comprehensive primary care to vulnerable populations. The researchers identified characteristics associated with HCs' PCMH capability. EHR adoption likely played a role in HCs' improvement in PCMH capability. Other factors include a greater number of types of financial performance incentives, more types of hospital-HC affiliations, and state-level support and payment for PCMH activities.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; HS000084.
Citation: Gao Y, Nocon RS, Gunter KE . Characteristics associated with patient-centered medical home capability in health centers: a cross-sectional analysis. J Gen Intern Med 2016 Sep;31(9):1041-51. doi: 10.1007/s11606-016-3729-8.
Keywords: Patient-Centered Healthcare, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Primary Care, Community-Based Practice, Vulnerable Populations
Saab D, Nisenbaum R, Dhalla I
Hospital readmissions in a community-based sample of homeless adults: a matched-cohort study.
The objective of this study was to compare the hospital readmission rate among individuals experiencing homelessness with that of a low-income matched control group, and to identify risk factors associated with readmission within the group experiencing homelessness. It concluded that homeless patients had nearly four times the odds of being readmitted within 30-days as compared to low-income controls matched on age, sex and primary reason for admission to hospital.
Citation: Saab D, Nisenbaum R, Dhalla I . Hospital readmissions in a community-based sample of homeless adults: a matched-cohort study. J Gen Intern Med 2016 Sep;31(9):1011-8. doi: 10.1007/s11606-016-3680-8.
Keywords: Low-Income, Hospital Readmissions, Vulnerable Populations
Colla CH, Lewis VA, Kao LS
Association between Medicare accountable care organization implementation and spending among clinically vulnerable beneficiaries.
This paper's objective is to estimate the effect of Medicare accountable care organization (ACO) contracts on spending and high-cost institutional use for all Medicare beneficiaries and for clinically vulnerable beneficiaries. The authors found that changes in total spending associated with ACOs did not vary by clinical condition of beneficiaries.
Citation: Colla CH, Lewis VA, Kao LS . Association between Medicare accountable care organization implementation and spending among clinically vulnerable beneficiaries. JAMA Intern Med 2016 Aug;176(8):1167-75. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.2827.
Keywords: Medicare, Policy, Healthcare Costs, Payment, Vulnerable Populations
Longo DR, Crabtree BF, Pellerano MB
A qualitative study of vulnerable patient views of type 2 diabetes consumer reports.
This study aims to identify whether vulnerable populations with type 2 diabetes perceive consumer reports as helpful in making decisions about diabetes care. It found that participants in 18 focus groups expressed minimal interest in currently available consumer reports. They instead listed personal referrals and interpersonal interactions among the most important factors when choosing a physician.
Citation: Longo DR, Crabtree BF, Pellerano MB . A qualitative study of vulnerable patient views of type 2 diabetes consumer reports. Patient 2016 Jun;9(3):231-40. doi: 10.1007/s40271-015-0146-8..
Keywords: Education: Patient and Caregiver, Decision Making, Diabetes, Quality of Care, Vulnerable Populations