Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 6 of 6 Research Studies Displayed
Ancker JS, Sharko M, Hong M
Should parents see their teen's medical record? Asking about the effect on adolescent-doctor communication changes attitudes.
Parents routinely access young children's medical records, but medical societies strongly recommend confidential care during adolescence, and most medical centers restrict parental records access during the teen years. In this study, the investigators sought to assess public opinion about adolescent medical privacy. The investigators concluded that although medical societies recommend confidential care for adolescents, public opinion was largely in favor of parental access.
Citation: Ancker JS, Sharko M, Hong M . Should parents see their teen's medical record? Asking about the effect on adolescent-doctor communication changes attitudes. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2018 Dec;25(12):1593-99. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocy120..
Keywords: Caregiving, Children/Adolescents, Clinician-Patient Communication, Communication, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Policy
Kemmick Pintor J, Call KT
State-level immigrant prenatal health care policy and inequities in health insurance among children in mixed-status families.
Investigators sought to measure differences in insurance by mother's documentation status among a nationally representative sample of US-born children in immigrant families and to examine the role of state-level immigrant access to prenatal coverage. They found that, in states with nonrestrictive prenatal coverage for immigrants, there were no differences in children's insurance by mother's documentation status, while large inequities were observed within states with restrictive policies.
Citation: Kemmick Pintor J, Call KT . State-level immigrant prenatal health care policy and inequities in health insurance among children in mixed-status families. Glob Pediatr Health 2019 Sep 26;6:2333794x19873535. doi: 10.1177/2333794x19873535..
Keywords: Policy, Health Insurance, Children/Adolescents, Access to Care, Vulnerable Populations, Disparities
Wisk LE, Levy S, Weitzman ER
Parental views on state cannabis laws and marijuana use for their medically vulnerable children.
Given a rapidly changing policy landscape, the investigators sought to characterize the effects of state marijuana laws on parents' views of marijuana use by their teenage children. The investigators found that among parents of medically vulnerable children, perceiving state marijuana policies as more permissive was strongly associated with lower perceived riskiness of marijuana use for their children.
Citation: Wisk LE, Levy S, Weitzman ER . Parental views on state cannabis laws and marijuana use for their medically vulnerable children. Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 Jun 1;199:59-67. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.12.027..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Policy, Vulnerable Populations, Chronic Conditions, Substance Abuse
Perito ER, Mogul DB, VanDerwerken D
The impact of increased allocation priority for children awaiting liver transplant: a Liver Simulated Allocation Model (LSAM) analysis.
This study examined the impact of prioritizing infants, children, adolescents, and the sickest adults (designated Status 1) for deceased donor livers. They compared outcomes for two “SharePeds” allocation schema to the allocation plan approved by the Organ Procurement and Transplant Network (OPTN) in December 2017. Both schemas would decrease waitlist deaths for infants, children, and Status 1 adults and increase access to all donors younger than 35 years.
Citation: Perito ER, Mogul DB, VanDerwerken D . The impact of increased allocation priority for children awaiting liver transplant: a Liver Simulated Allocation Model (LSAM) analysis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2019 Apr;68(4):472-79. doi: 10.1097/mpg.0000000000002287.
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Transplantation, Policy
Anderson VR, Ouyang F, Tu W
Medicaid coverage and continuity for juvenile justice-involved youth.
This retrospective cohort study examined Medicaid coverage and continuity for youth with varying levels of justice system involvement and the impact of a policy change allowing Medicaid suspension, rather than termination. The study highlighted the importance of maximizing opportunities to keep youth enrolled, as gaps in coverage likely affect juveniles' access to physical, mental, and behavioral health care.
Citation: Anderson VR, Ouyang F, Tu W . Medicaid coverage and continuity for juvenile justice-involved youth. J Correct Health Care 2019 Jan;25(1):45-54. doi: 10.1177/1078345818820043..
Keywords: Access to Care, Children/Adolescents, Medicaid, Policy, Vulnerable Populations
Larkin I, Ang D, Avorn J
Restrictions on pharmaceutical detailing reduced off-label prescribing of antidepressants and antipsychotics in children.
The researchers estimated the effect of anti-detailing policies on off-label prescribing of antidepressants and antipsychotics by pediatricians and by child and adolescent psychiatrists in the period January 2006-June 2009. They found that prescriptions for off-label use of promoted drugs fell by 11 percent and that prescriptions for on-label use of promoted drugs fell by 34 percent. Conversely, prescriptions for on-label use of nonpromoted drugs rose by 14 percent, and those for off-label use of nonpromoted drugs rose by 35 percent. They concluded that these results suggest that pharmaceutical sales representatives promoted drugs not approved for pediatric use and that policies that restrict detailing by those representatives reduced such off-label prescribing.
Citation: Larkin I, Ang D, Avorn J . Restrictions on pharmaceutical detailing reduced off-label prescribing of antidepressants and antipsychotics in children. Health Aff 2014 Jun;33(6):1014-23. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2013.0939.
Keywords: Medication, Children/Adolescents, Communication, Policy, Practice Patterns