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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Czosek RJ, Anderson JB, Baskar S
Predictors and outcomes of heart block during surgical stage I palliation of patients with a single ventricle: a report from the NPC-QIC.
This study investigated patient and surgical risks of heart block and its effect on 12-month transplant-free survival in children with a single ventricle. In total, 1423 patients were identified from the National Pediatric Cardiology Improvement Collaborative with and without heart block. One-year outcomes were analyzed. A very small percentage (2%) developed heart block during their surgical admission. Associated risk factors for block included heterotaxy syndrome and atrial flutter/fibrillation. Patients with complete heart block had lower 12-month survival, which wasn’t true for patients with second degree block. At 12 months of age, 43% of patients with heart block died and were more likely to experience mortality than patients without heart block.
Citation: Czosek RJ, Anderson JB, Baskar S . Predictors and outcomes of heart block during surgical stage I palliation of patients with a single ventricle: a report from the NPC-QIC. Heart Rhythm 2021 Nov;18(11):1876-83. doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2021.05.019..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Surgery, Palliative Care, Risk, Outcomes
Spangler EL, Goodney PP, Schanzer A
Outcomes of carotid endarterectomy versus stenting in comparable medical risk patients.
The purpose of this study was to compare risk-stratified outcomes of carotid artery stenting (CAS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Included in the study group were 11,336 patients who underwent isolated primary CEA and 544 who underwent primary CAS. The researchers found that asymptomatic normal- and high-risk patients do equally well after CEA or CAS. However, normal- and high-risk symptomatic patients have substantially worse outcomes with CAS compared with CEA.
Citation: Spangler EL, Goodney PP, Schanzer A . Outcomes of carotid endarterectomy versus stenting in comparable medical risk patients. J Vasc Surg 2014 Nov;60(5):1227-31, 31.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2014.05.044..
Keywords: Outcomes, Comparative Effectiveness, Risk, Cardiovascular Conditions, Heart Disease and Health