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Research Studies is a compilation of published research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Davidson KW, Krist AH, Tseng CW
AHRQ Author: Mills J, Borsky A
Incorporation of social risk in US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendations and identification of key challenges for primary care.
The authors assessed how social risks have been considered in USPSTF recommendation statements and identified current gaps in evidence needed to expand the systematic inclusion of social risks in future recommendations. They concluded that their report serves as a benchmark and foundation for ongoing work to advance the goal of ensuring that health equity and social risks are incorporated into USPSTF methods and recommendations.
Citation: Davidson KW, Krist AH, Tseng CW . Incorporation of social risk in US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendations and identification of key challenges for primary care. JAMA 2021 Oct 12;326(14):1410-15. doi: 10.1001/jama.2021.12833..
Keywords: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), Primary Care, Social Determinants of Health, Risk, Evidence-Based Practice, Research Methodologies, Guidelines
Javalkar K, Robson VK, Gaffney L
Socioeconomic and racial and/or ethnic disparities in multisystem inflammatory syndrome.
Researchers characterized the socioeconomic and racial and/or ethnic disparities impacting the diagnosis and outcomes of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). They found that lower socioeconomic status or higher social vulnerability index, Hispanic ethnicity, and Black race independently increased risk for MIS-C. They recommended additional studies to target interventions to improve health equity for children.
Citation: Javalkar K, Robson VK, Gaffney L . Socioeconomic and racial and/or ethnic disparities in multisystem inflammatory syndrome. Pediatrics 2021 May;147(5). doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-039933..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Social Determinants of Health, Disparities, Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Risk
Holzer J, Canavan M, Bradley E
County-level correlation between adult obesity rates and prevalence of dentists.
The researchers conducted a study to examine the association between the prevalence of dentists and the rates of adult obesity. They found that having one additional dentist per 10,000 population was associated significantly with a 1-percentage point reduction in the rate of obesity. This effect was significantly larger in counties in which 25 percent of children or more (versus less than 25 percent of children) lived in poverty and in counties that had more primary care physicians per 10,000 population.
Citation: Holzer J, Canavan M, Bradley E . County-level correlation between adult obesity rates and prevalence of dentists. J Am Dent Assoc 2014 Sep;145(9):932-9. doi: 10.14219/jada.2014.48.
Keywords: Dental and Oral Health, Obesity, Risk, Social Determinants of Health
Chambers C, Chiu S, Scott AN
Factors associated with poor mental health status among homeless women with and without dependent children.
The researchers estimated the prevalence of mental health problems among homeless women as well as the effects of risk factors on those problems. They found that, in a group of 522 homeless women in Toronto, Canada, poor mental health was associated with low perceived access to social support, physical/sexual assault in the past 12 months, presence of a chronic health condition, and presence of a drug use problem.
Citation: Chambers C, Chiu S, Scott AN . Factors associated with poor mental health status among homeless women with and without dependent children. Community Ment Health J. 2014 Jul;50(5):553-9. doi: 10.1007/s10597-013-9605-7..
Keywords: Behavioral Health, Chronic Conditions, Social Determinants of Health, Risk