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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 6 of 6 Research Studies Displayed
Hollowell M, Hudmon KS, Perkins SM
Evaluation of a modified and abbreviated scale for assessing chronic illness care for medication therapy management practice.
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the validity and internal consistency of the Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (ACIC) abbreviated, 12-item scale as a novel instrument for measuring Medication Therapy Management (MTM) care delivery. Researchers administered the instrument to pharmacists employed at 27,560 community pharmacies. The study concluded that when applied to the measurement of chronic illness care within the MTM setting, the abbreviated ACIC showed acceptable validity and internal consistency, and could serve as a valuable tool.
Citation: Hollowell M, Hudmon KS, Perkins SM . Evaluation of a modified and abbreviated scale for assessing chronic illness care for medication therapy management practice. Res Social Adm Pharm 2022 May;18(5):2804-10. doi: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2021.06.006..
Keywords: Chronic Conditions, Medication, Provider: Pharmacist, Care Management
Watterson TL, Stone JA, Gilson A
Impact of CancelRx on discontinuation of controlled substance prescriptions: an interrupted time series analysis.
The purpose of this study was to assess how controlled substance medication discontinuations were communicated over time, before and after the implementation of CancelRx. Data were collected from a midwestern academic health system’s electronic health record and pharmacy platform for 12 months prior to and for 12 months post CancelRx implementation. Findings showed that, after CancelRx implementation, there was an immediate and significant increase in the number of controlled substance medications that were successfully discontinued at the pharmacy once they were discontinued in the clinic. This change was sustained in the year following CancelRx and did not revert to pre-CancelRx levels. The health IT functionality was able to complete discontinuation tasks and potentially to reduce workload for clinic staff.
Citation: Watterson TL, Stone JA, Gilson A . Impact of CancelRx on discontinuation of controlled substance prescriptions: an interrupted time series analysis. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2022 Feb 25;22(1):50. doi: 10.1186/s12911-022-01779-9..
Keywords: Cancer, Medication, Health Information Technology (HIT), Provider: Pharmacist
Qato DM, Daviglus ML, Wilder J
'Pharmacy deserts' are prevalent in Chicago's predominantly minority communities, raising medication access concerns.
The authors examined whether trends in the availability of pharmacies varied across communities in Chicago with different racial or ethnic compositions and whether "pharmacy deserts," or low-access neighborhoods, were more common in segregated black and Hispanic communities than elsewhere. They found that in 2012 there were disproportionately more pharmacy deserts in segregated black communities, as well as in low-income communities and federally designated Medically Underserved Areas. These findings suggest that public policies aimed at improving access to prescription medications may need to address factors beyond insurance coverage and medication affordability.
Citation: Qato DM, Daviglus ML, Wilder J . 'Pharmacy deserts' are prevalent in Chicago's predominantly minority communities, raising medication access concerns. Health Aff 2014 Nov;33(11):1958-65. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2013.1397.
Keywords: Access to Care, Medication, Provider: Pharmacist, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Urban Health
Werth SR, Sachdeva N, Roberts AW
North Carolina Medicaid recipient management lock-in program: the pharmacist's perspective.
The objectives of this study were (a) evaluate pharmacists’ perceptions of the implementation of the North Carolina (NC) recipient management lock-in program (MLIP) and (b) determine how the beliefs and attitudes of pharmacists could promote or inhibit its success. It concluded that, although possible improvements were identified, the NC MLIP has strong potential for success as it utilizes pharmacists’ medication gate-keeping role, while minimizing the effort required for successful implementation.
Citation: Werth SR, Sachdeva N, Roberts AW . North Carolina Medicaid recipient management lock-in program: the pharmacist's perspective. J Manag Care Spec Pharm 2014 Nov;20(11):1122-9..
Keywords: Medicaid, Medication, Opioids, Provider: Pharmacist, Substance Abuse
Snyder ME, Frail CK, Jaynes H
Predictors of medication-related problems among Medicaid patients participating in a pharmacist-provided telephonic medication therapy management program.
The objective of this study was to identify predictors of medication-related problems (MRPs) among Medicaid patients participating in a telephonic medication therapy management (MTM) program. The analysis of study results supports the relative importance of number of medications as a predictor of MRPs in the Medicaid population and identifies other predictors.
Citation: Snyder ME, Frail CK, Jaynes H . Predictors of medication-related problems among Medicaid patients participating in a pharmacist-provided telephonic medication therapy management program. Pharmacotherapy 2014 Oct;34(10):1022-32. doi: 10.1002/phar.1462..
Keywords: Adverse Drug Events (ADE), Care Management, Community-Based Practice, Medicaid, Medication, Provider: Pharmacist
Ness GL, Sheehan AH, Snyder ME
Graduating student pharmacists' perspectives on e-professionalism and social media: qualitative findings.
The researchers conducted a cross-sectional survey of 212 graduating student pharmacists to characterize their views of professionalism on popular social media sites. The themes identified in the analysis were separation of personal and professional lives, how accountability for actions should vary by severity, and the extent of representation of the students’ character on social media.
Citation: Ness GL, Sheehan AH, Snyder ME . Graduating student pharmacists' perspectives on e-professionalism and social media: qualitative findings. J Am Pharm Assoc 2014 Mar-Apr;54(2):138-43. doi: 10.1331/JAPhA.2014.13188..
Keywords: Education: Academic, Education: Continuing Medical Education, Provider: Pharmacist, Social Media