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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 7 of 7 Research Studies Displayed
Vargas Bustamante A, Chen J
The great recession and health spending among uninsured U.S. immigrants: implications for the Affordable Care Act implementation.
This study of the association between the timing of the Great Recession (GR) and health spending among uninsured U.S. immigrants found that the probability of any spending diminished for recent immigrants compared to citizens during the GR. For those with any spending, recent immigrants reported 27 percent higher spending during the GR.
Citation: Vargas Bustamante A, Chen J . The great recession and health spending among uninsured U.S. immigrants: implications for the Affordable Care Act implementation. Health Serv Res. 2014 Dec;49(6):1900-24. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12193..
Keywords: Healthcare Costs, Uninsured, Disparities
Epstein AM, Sommers BD, Kuznetsov Y
Low-income residents in three states view Medicaid as equal to or better than private coverage, support expansion.
The authors explored what low-income Americans think about Medicaid. They found that nearly 80 percent of their telephone survey sample favored Medicaid expansion, and approximately two-thirds of uninsured respondents said that they planned to apply for either Medicaid or subsidized private coverage in 2014. Most viewed having Medicaid as better than being uninsured and at least as good as private insurance in overall quality and affordability.
Citation: Epstein AM, Sommers BD, Kuznetsov Y . Low-income residents in three states view Medicaid as equal to or better than private coverage, support expansion. Health Aff 2014 Nov;33(11):2041-7. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2014.0747.
Keywords: Health Insurance, Policy, Low-Income, Medicaid, Uninsured
Heintzman J, Marino M, Hoopes M
Using electronic health record data to evaluate preventive service utilization among uninsured safety net patients.
This study used EHR data to compare the preventive service utilization of uninsured patients receiving care at Oregon community health centers (CHCs) in 2008 through 2011 with that of continuously insured patients at the same CHCs in the same period. The results showed that CHCs provided many preventive services to uninsured patients, but that uninsured patients were less likely than continuously insured patients to receive 5 of 11 preventive services. The authors concluded that lack of insurance is a barrier to preventive service utilization, even in patients who can access care at a CHC.
Citation: Heintzman J, Marino M, Hoopes M . Using electronic health record data to evaluate preventive service utilization among uninsured safety net patients. Prev Med 2014 Oct;67:306-10. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.08.006.
Keywords: Community-Based Practice, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Healthcare Utilization, Prevention, Uninsured
Yehia BR, Fleishman JA, Agwu AL
AHRQ Author: Fleishman JA
Health insurance coverage for persons in HIV care, 2006-2012.
The authors examined trends in health insurance coverage at 11 US HIV clinics between 2006 and 2012. They found that Medicaid coverage was more prevalent among women than men; blacks and Hispanics than whites; and individuals with injection drug use risk compared with other transmission risk factors, with Hispanics and younger age groups more likely to be uninsured than other racial/ethnic and older age groups, respectively.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; 290201100007C.
Citation: Yehia BR, Fleishman JA, Agwu AL . Health insurance coverage for persons in HIV care, 2006-2012. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2014 Sep 1;67(1):102-6. doi: 10.1097/qai.0000000000000251.
Keywords: Health Insurance, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Medicare, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Uninsured
Crisp GD, Roberts AW, Esserman DA
The University of North Carolina's Health Care Pharmacy Assistance Program.
This study examined a program providing financial assistance to uninsured residents of North Carolina who need prescription medications. It found that from 2009 to 2011, the program served 7,180 patients in 81 counties. These patients received a mean of 23 prescriptions at an average cost of $754 per recipient per year.
Citation: Crisp GD, Roberts AW, Esserman DA . The University of North Carolina's Health Care Pharmacy Assistance Program. N C Med J. 2014 Sep-Oct;75(5):303-9..
Keywords: Healthcare Costs, Uninsured, Medication, Healthcare Utilization
Politi MC, Kaphingst KA, Kreuter M
Knowledge of health insurance terminology and details among the uninsured.
This study examined currently uninsured individuals’ understanding of terminology and details in health care plans in a series of interviews of a small mostly low-income and African American population. It found that the cost of the premium and having fixed costs through co-payments rather than coinsurance were very important so that individuals could budget as best as possible.
Citation: Politi MC, Kaphingst KA, Kreuter M . Knowledge of health insurance terminology and details among the uninsured. Med Care Res Rev 2014 Feb;71(1):85-98. doi: 10.1177/1077558713505327..
Keywords: Uninsured, Low-Income, Health Insurance
Sommers BD, Kenney GM, Epstein AM
New evidence on the Affordable Care Act: coverage impacts of early Medicaid expansions.
Since 2010 California, Connecticut, Minnesota, and Washington, D.C., have taken advantage of the Affordable Care Act’s option to expand coverage earlier to a portion of low-income childless adults. The researchers present new data on these expansions focusing on several questions including the extent to which childless adults’ new enrollment in Medicaid result from extending coverage to uninsured people as opposed to replacing private coverage.
Citation: Sommers BD, Kenney GM, Epstein AM . New evidence on the Affordable Care Act: coverage impacts of early Medicaid expansions. Health Aff 2014 Jan;33(1):78-87. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2013.1087..
Keywords: Low-Income, Uninsured, Medicaid, Health Insurance