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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 7 of 7 Research Studies Displayed
Connor KA, Cheng D, Strobino D
Preconception health promotion among Maryland women.
The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with receipt of preconception care (PCC) health promotion counseling among Maryland women and to assess whether prior birth outcome affects receipt of counseling. PCC receipt in the sample, consistent with analyses of older data, was low at 33 percent for all women and 28 percent for women with a prior live birth.
Citation: Connor KA, Cheng D, Strobino D . Preconception health promotion among Maryland women. Matern Child Health J 2014 Dec;18(10):2437-45. doi: 10.1007/s10995-014-1482-3..
Keywords: Health Promotion, Maternal Care, Pregnancy, Women
Pignone MP, Crutchfield TM, Brown PM
Using a discrete choice experiment to inform the design of programs to promote colon cancer screening for vulnerable populations in North Carolina.
This study used a discrete choice experiment (DCE) to learn about how vulnerable individuals in North Carolina value different aspects of CRC screening programs. It found that follow-up cost coverage was most frequently found to be the most important attribute from the DCE (47 percent); followed by test reward/copayment (33 percent).
Citation: Pignone MP, Crutchfield TM, Brown PM . Using a discrete choice experiment to inform the design of programs to promote colon cancer screening for vulnerable populations in North Carolina. BMC Health Serv Res 2014 Nov 30;14:611. doi: 10.1186/s12913-014-0611-4..
Keywords: Cancer: Colorectal Cancer, Health Promotion, Rural Health, Screening, Social Determinants of Health
Mitchell SE, Mako M, Sadikova E
The comparative experiences of women in control: diabetes self-management education in a virtual world.
The investigators characterized participants' experiences of a diabetes self-management (DSM) education program delivered via a virtual world (VW) versus a face-to-face (F2F) format. They found that VW and F2F groups both reported mastery of DSM knowledge, attitudes, and skills, and there were no differences in peer-derived social support between groups. The technological aspects of VW participation afforded VW participants a unique sense of personal agency and diabetes self-efficacy not reported by F2F participants. They concluded that DSM education in a VW is feasible and educational outcomes are similar to a F2F classroom experience.
Citation: Mitchell SE, Mako M, Sadikova E . The comparative experiences of women in control: diabetes self-management education in a virtual world. J Diabetes Sci Technol 2014 Nov;8(6):1185-92. doi: 10.1177/1932296814549829.
Keywords: Education: Patient and Caregiver, Diabetes, Health Promotion, Patient Self-Management
Eapen ZJ, Liang L, Shubrook JH
Current quality of cardiovascular prevention for Million Hearts: an analysis of 147,038 outpatients from The Guideline Advantage.
This study examined adherence to clinical quality measures focusing on antiplatelet drugs for ischemic vascular disease, blood pressure control for hypertension, cholesterol control for diabetes, and tobacco use screening among 145,038 patients from 25 U.S. practices. It found that black and people of color races were associated with a lower likelihood of blood pressure and cholesterol control.
Citation: Eapen ZJ, Liang L, Shubrook JH . Current quality of cardiovascular prevention for Million Hearts: an analysis of 147,038 outpatients from The Guideline Advantage. Am Heart J. 2014 Sep;168(3):398-404. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2014.06.007..
Keywords: Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Promotion, Heart Disease and Health, Quality Improvement, Racial / Ethnic Minorities
Robinson MN, Tansil KA, Elder RW
AHRQ Author: Miller T
Mass media health communication campaigns combined with health-related product distribution: a community guide systematic review.
The researchers conducted a systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of health communication campaigns that use multiple channels, including mass media, and distribute health-related products. They concluded that health communication campaigns that combine mass media and other communication channels with distribution of free or reduced-price health-related products are effective in improving healthy behaviors. They expect this intervention to be applicable across U.S. demographic groups, with appropriate population targeting.
Citation: Robinson MN, Tansil KA, Elder RW . Mass media health communication campaigns combined with health-related product distribution: a community guide systematic review. Am J Prev Med 2014 Sep;47(3):360-71. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2014.05.034.
Keywords: Communication, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Health Promotion, Lifestyle Changes, Social Media, Tobacco Use
Burke JF, Vijan S, Chekan LA
Targeting high-risk employees may reduce cardiovascular racial disparities.
A possible remedy for health disparities is for employers to promote cardiovascular health among minority employees. However, this study finds that there was no significant per person differential attributable to racial disparities for heart attack and stroke. A primary implication is that targeting cardiovascular disease strategies for African Americans is unlikely to be cost saving for employers.
Citation: Burke JF, Vijan S, Chekan LA . Targeting high-risk employees may reduce cardiovascular racial disparities. Am J Manag Care. 2014 Sep;20(9):725-33..
Keywords: Cardiovascular Conditions, Disparities, Healthcare Costs, Health Promotion, Health Status, Racial / Ethnic Minorities
Berger Z, Flickinger TE, Pfoh E
Promoting engagement by patients and families to reduce adverse events in acute care settings: a systematic review.
This review examined how interventions encouraging patient and family engagement have been implemented in controlled trials. Among 12 identified studies, the authors noted that definitions of patient and family engagement were lacking. They found insufficient high-quality evidence to inform real-world implementation and provided recommendations for further study.
Citation: Berger Z, Flickinger TE, Pfoh E . Promoting engagement by patients and families to reduce adverse events in acute care settings: a systematic review. BMJ Qual Saf 2014 Jul;23(7):548-55. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2012-001769.
Keywords: Adverse Events, Health Promotion, Patient and Family Engagement, Patient Safety, Prevention