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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Austrom MG, Lu YY, Perkins AJ
Impact of noncaregiving-related stressors on informal caregiver outcomes.
The researchers studied the most stressful events experienced by spouse caregivers of older adults with Alzheimer s disease during a 6-month period. They found that caregivers reported no stressors 21.5% of the time, 1-2 stressors 25% of the time, and 3 stressors 53% of the time with 318 stressors reported in total. They concluded that their results can be used to develop targeted intervention and support strategies for spouse caregivers experiencing non-caregiving related stressors as well as the traditional challenges with caregiving-related issues.
Citation: Austrom MG, Lu YY, Perkins AJ . Impact of noncaregiving-related stressors on informal caregiver outcomes. Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen 2014 Aug;29(5):426-32. doi: 10.1177/1533317513518652.
Keywords: Caregiving, Dementia, Elderly, Stress
Daiello LA, Gardner R, Epstein-Lubow G
Association of dementia with early rehospitalization among Medicare beneficiaries.
This study examined the question of whether dementia was associated with a greater likelihood of Medicare patients being readmitted to the hospital within 30 days. Using a group of 25,839 hospitalizations, including 3,908 admissions of Me.icare beneficiaries with dementia, it found that those with a dementia diagnosis were more likely (17.8 percent vs. 14.5 percent) to be readmitted within 30 days.
Citation: Daiello LA, Gardner R, Epstein-Lubow G . Association of dementia with early rehospitalization among Medicare beneficiaries. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2014 Jul-Aug;59(1):162-8. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2014.02.010..
Keywords: Medicare, Elderly, Dementia, Hospital Readmissions
Konetzka RT, Brauner DJ, Shega J
The effects of public reporting on physical restraints and antipsychotic use in nursing home residents with severe cognitive impairment.
The purpose of this paper was to assess whether reductions in physical restraint use associated with quality reporting may have had the unintended consequence of increasing antipsychotic use in nursing home (NH) residents with severe cognitive impairment. Physical restraint use declined significantly from 1999 to 2008 in NH residents with severe cognitive impairment. Correspondingly, antipsychotic use in the same residents increased more in NHs that were subject to public reporting. This analysis suggests that public reporting of physical restraint use had the unintended consequence of increasing use of antipsychotics in NH residents with severe cognitive impairment.
Citation: Konetzka RT, Brauner DJ, Shega J . The effects of public reporting on physical restraints and antipsychotic use in nursing home residents with severe cognitive impairment. J Am Geriatr Soc 2014 Mar;62(3):454-61. doi: 10.1111/jgs.12711.
Keywords: Dementia, Elderly, Medication, Nursing Homes, Public Reporting