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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Tobin JN, Cassells A, Weiss E
Integrating cancer screening and mental health services in primary care: protocol and baseline results of a patient-centered outcomes intervention study.
Citation: Tobin JN, Cassells A, Weiss E . Integrating cancer screening and mental health services in primary care: protocol and baseline results of a patient-centered outcomes intervention study. J Health Care Poor Underserved 2021;32(4):1907-34. doi: 10.1353/hpu.2021.0173..
Keywords: Patient-Centered Healthcare, Cancer, Behavioral Health, Primary Care, Depression, Women, Screening
Chen H, Upadhyay N, Lyu N
Association of primary and behavioral health integrated care upon pediatric mental disorder treatment.
This study’s objective was to examine whether linkage with mental health (MH) treatment differed across 3 different integrated care agreements (ICAs) following diagnosis for Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) or Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) given by primary care providers (PCPs) in the pediatric setting. The ICAs were categorized as PCPs who practiced alone (non-co-located); PCPs practiced with specialist outside the practice but co-located at the practice site; and employed specialists who were co-located. A total of 4203 incident ADHD and 298 incident MDD diagnoses were identified, of which 74% of ADHD cases and 67% of MDD cases received treatment within 90 days of diagnosis. Children with ADHD were twice as likely to receive treatment if they were diagnosed by non-co-located or co-affiliated PCPs than those diagnosed by non-co-located PCPs. Those treated children were also 2 times more likely to receive guideline recommended psychotherapy and treated at the diagnosing site versus elsewhere.
Citation: Chen H, Upadhyay N, Lyu N . Association of primary and behavioral health integrated care upon pediatric mental disorder treatment. Acad Pediatr 2021 Sep-Oct;21(7):1187-94. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2021.05.021..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Behavioral Health, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Primary Care, Healthcare Delivery, Depression
Moise N, Falzon L, Obi M
Interventions to increase depression treatment initiation in primary care patients: a systematic review.
Researchers investigated interventions for increasing depression treatment initiation in primary care settings. They found that collaborative/integrated care, preference treatment matching, and case management strategies had the best evidence for improving depression treatment initiation, but none of the strategies had high strength of evidence. While primary care settings can consider using some of these strategies when referring depressed patients to treatment, their review highlights the need for further rigorous research in this area.
Citation: Moise N, Falzon L, Obi M . Interventions to increase depression treatment initiation in primary care patients: a systematic review. J Gen Intern Med 2018 Nov;33(11):1978-89. doi: 10.1007/s11606-018-4554-z..
Keywords: Patient-Centered Healthcare, Depression, Primary Care, Behavioral Health, Patient and Family Engagement
Hines AL, Roter D, Ghods Dinoso BK
Informed and patient-centered decision-making in the primary care visits of African Americans with depression.
This study examined the prevalence and extent of informed decision-making (IDM) and patient-centered decision-making (PCDM) in primary care visits of African Americans with depression. It concluded that the associations between IDM and PCDM with interpersonal ratings were moderated by overall patient-centeredness of the visit, which may be indicative of broader cross-cultural communication issues. Strengthening partnerships between depressed African Americans and their clinicians may improve patient-engaged decision-making.
Citation: Hines AL, Roter D, Ghods Dinoso BK . Informed and patient-centered decision-making in the primary care visits of African Americans with depression. Patient Educ Couns 2018 Feb;101(2):233-40. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2017.07.027.
Keywords: Decision Making, Depression, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Primary Care, Racial / Ethnic Minorities