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AHRQ Research Studies
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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 25 of 528 Research Studies Displayed
Ervin JN, Vitous CA, Wells EE
Rescue Improvement Conference: a novel tool for addressing failure to rescue.
The objective of this study was to understand the effectiveness of the Rescue Improvement Conference, a forum that addresses failure to rescue (FTR). FTR is the phenomenon where delayed recognition or response to surgical complications leads to a progressive cascade of adverse events culminating in patient death. The authors used 5 indicators of effectiveness: educational value, conference takeaways, discussion time, changes to surgical practice, and opportunities for improvement and conducted semi-structured interviews. The results showed that conference felt that the Rescue Improvement Conference was effective in all five indicators. The authors concluded that the conference has the potential to support other surgical departments in developing system-level strategies to recognize and manage postoperative complications that contribute to FTR.
AHRQ-funded; HS024403; HS023621.
Citation: Ervin JN, Vitous CA, Wells EE . Rescue Improvement Conference: a novel tool for addressing failure to rescue. Ann Surg 2023 Feb; 277(2):233-37. doi: 10.1097/sla.0000000000004832..
Keywords: Surgery, Adverse Events, Patient Safety, Quality of Care, Quality Improvement
Liao JM, Wang E, Isidro U
The association between bundled payment participation and changes in medical episode outcomes among high-risk patients.
This research evaluated whether the association between participation in bundled payments for medical conditions and episode outcomes differed for clinically high-risk versus other patients in regard to length of stay (LOS) at skilled nursing facilities (SNFs). Participants included 471,421 Medicare patients hospitalized at bundled payment and propensity-matched non-participating hospitals. Primary outcomes were SNF LOS and 90-day unplanned readmissions. SNF length of stay was differentially lower among frail patients, patients with advanced age (>85 years), and those with prior institutional post-acute care provider utilization compared to non-frail, younger, and patients without prior utilization, respectively. Bundled payment participation was also associated with differentially greater SNF LOS among disabled patients. It was not associated with differential changes in readmissions in any high-risk group but was associated with changes in quality, utilization, and spending measures for some groups.
Citation: Liao JM, Wang E, Isidro U . The association between bundled payment participation and changes in medical episode outcomes among high-risk patients. Healthcare 2022 Dec 12; 10(12). doi: 10.3390/healthcare10122510..
Keywords: Payment, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Risk, Policy
Collins CR, Abel MK, Shui A
Preparing for participation in the centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' bundle care payment initiative-advanced for major bowel surgery.
This study aimed to assess where the largest opportunities for care improvement lay with the bundled payment reimbursement model and how best to identify patients at high risk of suffering costly complications, including hospital readmission. The authors used a cohort of patients from 2014 and 2016 who met inclusion criteria for the Major Bowel Bundled Payment Program and performed a cost analysis to identify opportunities for improved care efficiency. Using the results, they identified readmissions as a target for improvement and then assessed whether the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program surgical risk calculator (ACS NSQIP SRC) could accurately identify patients within the bundled payment population who were at high risk of readmission using a logistic regression model. Patients who were readmitted within 90-days post-surgery were 2.53 times more likely to be high-cost (>$60,000) then non-readmitted patients. However, the ACS NSQIP SRC did not accurately predict patients at high risk of readmission within the first 30 days post-surgery.
Citation: Collins CR, Abel MK, Shui A . Preparing for participation in the centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' bundle care payment initiative-advanced for major bowel surgery. Perioper Med 2022 Dec 9;11(1):54. doi: 10.1186/s13741-022-00286-9..
Keywords: Provider Performance, Payment, Hospital Readmissions, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Surgery, Medicare, Medicaid
Bolte TB, Swanson MB, Kaldjian AM
Hospitals that report severe sepsis and septic shock bundle compliance have more structured sepsis performance improvement.
This study linked survey data on quality improvement (QI) practices from Iowa hospitals to severe sepsis/septic shock (SEP-1) performance data and mortality. All Iowa hospitals (100%) completed the survey. SEP-1 reporting hospitals were more likely to have sepsis QI practices, including reporting sepsis quality to providers (64% versus 38%) and using the case review process to develop sepsis care plans. Increased SEP-1 scores were not associated with sepsis QI practices. A sepsis registry was associated with decreased odds of being in the bottom quartile of sepsis mortality, and presence of a sepsis committee was associated with lower hospital-specific mortality.
Citation: Bolte TB, Swanson MB, Kaldjian AM . Hospitals that report severe sepsis and septic shock bundle compliance have more structured sepsis performance improvement. J Patient Saf 2022 Dec 1;18(8):e1231-e36. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000001062..
Keywords: Sepsis, Hospitals, Quality Improvement, Quality Indicators (QIs), Quality of Care
Richards JE, Yarborough BJH, Holden E
Implementation of suicide risk estimation analytics to support mental health care for quality improvement.
The purpose of this mixed-methods quality improvement study was to examine and describe the use of estimation analytics to enhance existing suicide prevention practices during routine mental health specialty engagements. The study found that during the 3.5 month observation period there were 4,789 patient engagements by 1939 patients. This included 161 engagements newly identified by suicide risk estimation analytics. The researchers reported that the engagement-based risk identifications did not consistently trigger additional suicide risk assessment as intended. During newly identified engagements: 57 patients reported frequent suicidal ideation and, as per preexisting workflow, 54 completed a Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS); 75 patients reported no or infrequent suicidal ideation, but only 10 completed a C-SSRS, per new workflow; 29 patients did not answer the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and only 1 patient completed a C-SSRS, per new workflow. The providers interviewed (n = 8) reported important implementation concerns, including 1) lack of follow-up, 2) electronic health record- (EHR-) related inefficiencies, and 3) reliability and accuracy of the trigger. The patients interviewed (n = 20) repeated concerns about reliability and accuracy of estimation analytics. In addition, providers described concerns about access to care and potential liability associated with known suicide risk. Patients repeated the provider concerns about access and reported fears about identification of suicide risk resulting in coercive care. The researchers conclude that this unique quality improvement study underscores important implications for health care organizations considering implementation of estimation analytics to support engagement-based identification of suicide risk.
Citation: Richards JE, Yarborough BJH, Holden E . Implementation of suicide risk estimation analytics to support mental health care for quality improvement. JAMA Netw Open 2022 Dec;5(12):e2247195. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.47195..
Keywords: Behavioral Health, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care
Sikora A, Martin GS
Critical care pharmacists: improving care by increasing access to medication expertise.
This article discusses the shortage and need for critical care pharmacists in ICUs to improve care and prevent medication errors. There is a gap in critical care pharmacists with both low supply and low demand. Identifying the optimal patient:pharmacist ratio in the ICU is a key question. The authors discuss ways to reduce the gap by increasing the number of critical care pharmacy residency programs and including critical care pharmacists more in multidisciplinary rounds. The authors developed a toolkit for increasing critical care pharmacy services in five actionable steps and provide an annotated bibliography of key references.
Citation: Sikora A, Martin GS . Critical care pharmacists: improving care by increasing access to medication expertise. Ann Am Thorac Soc 2022 Nov;19(11):1796-98. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.202206-502VP..
Keywords: Provider: Pharmacist, Medication, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Critical Care
Krauss DM, Molefe A, Hung L
AHRQ Author: Henderson S, Miller M
Emergent themes from a quality improvement programme for CLABSI/CAUTI prevention in ICUs amid the COVID-19 pandemic.
In this study, researchers summarized themes for maintaining infection prevention activities learned from the implementation of a quality improvement (QI) program during the COVID-19 pandemic. They concluded that future shocks such as the pandemic must be anticipated, and the healthcare system must be resilient to the resulting disruptions to healthcare-associated infection prevention activities. Their study encountered four themes for successful maintenance of infection prevention activities during the current pandemic: the value of a pre-existing infection prevention infrastructure; a flexibility in approach; broad buy-in for maintaining QI programs; and the facilitation of idea-sharing.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; 233201500016I.
Citation: Krauss DM, Molefe A, Hung L . Emergent themes from a quality improvement programme for CLABSI/CAUTI prevention in ICUs amid the COVID-19 pandemic. BMJ Open Qual 2022 Nov;11(4):e001926. doi: 10.1136/bmjoq-2022-001926..
Keywords: COVID-19, Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections (CLABSI), Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI), Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Critical Care, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Prevention, Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Infectious Diseases
Thompson MP, Yaser JM, Forrest A
Evaluating the feasibility of a statewide collaboration to improve cardiac rehabilitation participation: the Michigan Cardiac Rehab Network.
The purpose of this study as to assess the feasibility of the Michigan Cardiac Rehab Network to improve Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) participation. The researchers utilized Multipayer claims data from the Michigan Value Collaborative to identify 95 hospitals and 84 CR facilities and convene a multidisciplinary group of advisors. Three CR facilities were selected for virtual site visits to identify areas of success and barriers to improvement. The study found that 51% of hospitals provided interventional cardiology services and 35% provided cardiac surgical services. The multidisciplinary group of advisors was convened and represented a broad range of roles within 13 institutions. CR enrollment statewide among eligible admissions was 33.4%, with broad differences in CR performance measures among participating hospitals and eligible admissions. Virtual site visits highlighted successes in increasing CR participation but an array of barriers to participation associated with referrals, capacity and staffing constraints, and geographic and financial barriers.
Citation: Thompson MP, Yaser JM, Forrest A . Evaluating the feasibility of a statewide collaboration to improve cardiac rehabilitation participation: the Michigan Cardiac Rehab Network. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 2022 Nov 1;42(6):e75-e81. doi: 10.1097/hcr.0000000000000706..
Keywords: Cardiovascular Conditions, Rehabilitation, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care
Campbell JI, Menzies D
Testing and scaling interventions to improve the tuberculosis infection care cascade.
The purpose of this study was to review and summarize current literature on barriers and solutions occurring within the tuberculosis (TB) infection care cascade, focusing on children in high- and low-burden settings, and obtaining data and information from studies on both children and adults. The researchers concluded that identifying and addressing gaps in the TB care cascade requires the utilization of tools both novel and long-standing, and will be facilitated by shared clinical practice with primary care providers, methods of quality improvement, and innovative study designs.
Citation: Campbell JI, Menzies D . Testing and scaling interventions to improve the tuberculosis infection care cascade. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc 2022 Oct 31;11(Suppl 3):S94-s100. doi: 10.1093/jpids/piac070..
Keywords: Respiratory Conditions, Infectious Diseases, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care
Kuzel AJ, Cuellar A, Nichols L
The EvidenceNOW practice support initiative: the Heart of Virginia Healthcare.
The purpose of this study was for The Heart of Virginia Health care (HVH) collaborative (one of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's (AHRQ) Evidence Now project’s 7 collaboratives) to test different ways to improve performance and outcomes on ABCS clinical quality measures (appropriate Aspirin use, Blood pressure control, Cholesterol control, and Smoking cessation counseling) within small primary care practices. The researchers recruited 264 eligible practices and randomized them to 3 cohorts in a stepped wedge design, with 173, utilizing 16 different EHRs, participated through the entire initiative. Trained coaches delivered the practice support curriculum to improve performance on the ABCS measures. The program included an initial kickoff meeting, 3 months of focused support, 9 months of continued support, and access to online materials and faculty. The intervention phase was shortened due to difficulty in recruiting a sufficient number of practices. The study found that the short HVH intervention had a small but statistically significant positive average effects on appropriate use of aspirin and other anti-thrombotics, small negative effects on blood pressure control, except for those practices which did not attend the kickoff, and small negative effects on smoking cessation counseling. The researchers concluded that the truncation of the intervention contributed to the lack of substantial improvements in the ABCS.
Citation: Kuzel AJ, Cuellar A, Nichols L . The EvidenceNOW practice support initiative: the Heart of Virginia Healthcare. J Am Board Fam Med 2022 Oct 18;35(5):979-89. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2022.05.210021..
Keywords: Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Evidence-Based Practice, Primary Care, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Healthcare Delivery
Quigley DD, Qureshi N, Palimaru A
Content and actionability of recommendations to providers after shadow coaching.
This paper examined the content of the recommendations given to shadow-coached providers aimed at improving provider-patient interactions, to characterize these recommendations, and to examine their actionability. Using CAHPS data, the study’s findings showed that patient experience surveys were effective at identifying where improvement is needed but are not always informative enough to instruct providers on how to modify and improve their interactions with patients. Analyzing the feedback given to coached providers as part of an effective shadow-coaching program provides details about implementation on shadow-coaching feedback.
Citation: Quigley DD, Qureshi N, Palimaru A . Content and actionability of recommendations to providers after shadow coaching. Qual Manag Health Care 2022 Oct-Dec;31(4):199-209. doi: 10.1097/qmh.0000000000000354..
Keywords: Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS), Patient Experience, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Practice Improvement, Clinician-Patient Communication, Communication
Bradford A, Shofer M, Singh H
AHRQ Author: Shofer M, Singh H
Measure Dx: implementing pathways to discover and learn from diagnostic errors.
This paper discusses Measure Dx, a new AHRQ resource that translates knowledge from diagnostic measurement research into actionable recommendations. This resource guides healthcare organizations to detect, analyze, and learn from diagnostic safety events as part of a continuous learning and feedback cycle. The goal of Measure Dx is to advance new frontiers in reducing preventable diagnostic harm to patients.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; 233201500022I; HS027363.
Citation: Bradford A, Shofer M, Singh H . Measure Dx: implementing pathways to discover and learn from diagnostic errors. Int J Qual Health Care 2022 Sep 10;34(3). doi: 10.1093/intqhc/mzac068..
Keywords: Diagnostic Safety and Quality, Patient Safety, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Health Systems, Learning Health Systems
Sweeney SM, Baron A, Hall JD
Effective facilitator strategies for supporting primary care practice change: a mixed methods study.
Investigators conducted a pragmatic qualitative study with patients who had participated in a health-related social needs (HRSN) intervention. They found that patients were likely to have initial skepticism or reservations about the intervention; they identified 4 positive intervention components regarding patient experience; and they found that patients could be left with feelings of appreciation or hope, regardless of whether they connected with HRSN resources.
Citation: Sweeney SM, Baron A, Hall JD . Effective facilitator strategies for supporting primary care practice change: a mixed methods study. Ann Fam Med 2022 Sep-Oct;20(5):414-22. doi: 10.1370/afm.2847..
Keywords: Primary Care, Practice Improvement, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care
Quigley D, Qureshi N, Rybowski L
AHRQ Author: Ginsberg C
Summary of the 2020 AHRQ research meeting on 'Advancing Methods of Implementing and Evaluating Patient experience improvement using consumer assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS®) Surveys'.
The purpose of this AHRQ authored paper was to discuss the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality research meeting on using Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS®) data for quality improvement (QI). The author reports on 3 topics addressed, including: lessons learned about organizational factors/environment for improving patient experience; 2) organizational use of data to improve patient experience; and 3) information provided by evaluations utilizing CAHPS data and their use in implementing successful programs to improve patient experience. The author further identified key themes, including: Early and frequent engagement of providers and stakeholders, QI process standardization, complementing CAHPS data with other data, and compiling dashboards of CAHPS scores to identify and track improvement. The author concluded that much can be learned and achieved from organization-level studies.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; HS025920; HS016978.
Citation: Quigley D, Qureshi N, Rybowski L . Summary of the 2020 AHRQ research meeting on 'Advancing Methods of Implementing and Evaluating Patient experience improvement using consumer assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS®) Surveys'. Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res 2022 Sep;22(6):883-90. doi: 10.1080/14737167.2022.2064848..
Keywords: Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS), Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Patient Experience
Schlick CJR, Huang R, Brajcich BC
Unbundling bundles: evaluating the association of individual colorectal surgical site infection reduction bundle elements on infection rates in a statewide collaborative.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of individual surgical site infection reduction bundle elements with infection rates. Focusing on patients who had elective colorectal resections at participating hospitals from 2016 to 2017, findings showed that bundle elements had varying association with infection reduction. Recommendations included implementation of colorectal surgical site infection reduction bundles in order to focus on the specific elements associated with low surgical site infections.
Citation: Schlick CJR, Huang R, Brajcich BC . Unbundling bundles: evaluating the association of individual colorectal surgical site infection reduction bundle elements on infection rates in a statewide collaborative. Dis Colon Rectum 2022 Aug;65(8):1052-61. doi: 10.1097/dcr.0000000000002223..
Keywords: Surgery, Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Quality Improvement, Quality of Care
Waters TM, Burns N, Kaplan CM
Combined impact of medicare's hospital pay for performance programs on quality and safety outcomes is mixed.
The authors examined the combined impact of Medicare's pay for performance (P4P) programs on clinical areas and populations targeted by the programs, as well as those outside their focus. Using HCUP data, and consistent with previous studies for individual programs, they detected minimal, if any, effect of Medicare's hospital P4P programs on quality and safety. They recommended a redesigning of the P4P programs before continuing to expand them.
Citation: Waters TM, Burns N, Kaplan CM . Combined impact of medicare's hospital pay for performance programs on quality and safety outcomes is mixed. BMC Health Serv Res 2022 Jul 28;22(1):958. doi: 10.1186/s12913-022-08348-w..
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Medicare, Payment, Provider Performance, Hospitals, Quality Indicators (QIs), Quality Measures, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Patient Safety
Lieu TA, Warton EM, Levan C
Association of medical assistant-supported virtual rooming with successful video visit connections.
The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate medical assistant-supported virtual rooming for physician video visits to address the digital divide which exists in physician video visit availability and accessibility for patients who have lower socioeconomic status (SES), low English proficiency, or are African American or Black or Latino. The study found that of the 114,214 video visits with successful connections, 14.2% had low neighborhood SES, 3.6% needed interpreters, 20.1% were Latino, and 7.9% were African American or Black. African American or Black race, Latino ethnicity, needing an interpreter, and living in a low SES neighborhood were associated with a lower likelihood of connecting. The researchers concluded that medical assistant–supported virtual rooming was associated with successful video visit connections in this diverse population. High medical assistant supported rooming rates were associated with larger connection improvements for patients at higher risk of not connecting, including those with lower SES, of Latino ethnicity or African American or Black race, or needing interpreters.
Citation: Lieu TA, Warton EM, Levan C . Association of medical assistant-supported virtual rooming with successful video visit connections. JAMA Intern Med 2022 Jun;182(6):680-82. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2022.1032..
Keywords: Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Telehealth, Health Information Technology (HIT), Clinician-Patient Communication, Communication, Healthcare Delivery
Olin SS, Freed GL, Scholle SH
Aligning to improve pediatric health care quality.
The authors presented a population health framework for collaboration and coordination across the delivery system to improve care quality, with quality measures as key tools for monitoring and incentivizing collaboration and alignment of efforts across levels, based on each entity's sphere of influence within the Applegate Alignment Framework.
AHRQ-funded; HS025296; HS025292.
Citation: Olin SS, Freed GL, Scholle SH . Aligning to improve pediatric health care quality. Acad Pediatr 2022 Apr;22(3s):S115-s18. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2021.08.021..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Quality Improvement, Quality Measures, Quality Indicators (QIs), Quality of Care, Medicaid
Cope EL, Johnson M, Khan M
AHRQ Author: Mistry KB
Contextual factors affecting implementation of pediatric quality improvement programs.
Researchers assessed the role of contextual factors in influencing the efforts of 5 diverse quality improvement projects as part of the Pediatric Quality Measure Program (PQMP) directed by AHRQ. In a mixed methods study, they conducted semistructured interviews, followed by structured worksheets, of 5 PQMP grantees. They found that using a determinant framework, such as the Tailored Implementation for Chronic Diseases, is valuable in facilitating comparisons across heterogeneous projects, allowing identification of key contextual factors influencing the implementation of pediatric quality measures across a diverse range of clinical topics and settings.
Citation: Cope EL, Johnson M, Khan M . Contextual factors affecting implementation of pediatric quality improvement programs. Acad Pediatr 2022 Apr;22(3S):S81-S91. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2021.08.016..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Quality Measures, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Implementation
Mistry KB, Sagatov RDF, Schur C
AHRQ Author: Mistry KB, Sagatov RDF
Design and implementation of the Pediatric Quality Measures Program 2.0.
This AHRQ-authored research discusses the design and implementation of the Pediatric Quality Measures Program (PQMP) 2.0. The PQMP was established in response to the Children’s Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009. AHRQ and CMS awarded 6 grants to Centers of Excellence (COEs) and a contract to facilitate collaboration and learning across the COEs. The COEs partnered with stakeholders from multiple levels to field test real-world implementation and refinement of pediatric quality measures and quality improvement initiatives. A PQMP Learning Collaborative (PQMP-LC) consisting of AHRQ, CMS, the 6 COEs, and L&M Policy Research, LLC was created to complete literature reviews, conduct key informant interviews, and collect data to develop reports to address the Research Foci. It also aided with development of measure implementation and quality improvement toolkits; conceptualized an implementation science framework, analysis, and roadmap; and facilitated dissemination of learnings and products. The various products created are intended to support the uptake of PQMP measures and inform future pediatric measurement and improvement work.
Citation: Mistry KB, Sagatov RDF, Schur C . Design and implementation of the Pediatric Quality Measures Program 2.0. Acad Pediatr 2022 Apr;22(3s):S59-S64. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2021.12.021..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Medicaid, Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), Quality Measures, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Implementation
McCleskey SG, Shek L, Grein J
Economic evaluation of quality improvement interventions to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infections in the hospital setting: a systematic review.
This systematic review looked at economic evaluations of quality improvement (QI) interventions to reduce rates of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). A literature review was conducted for conference abstracts and studies from January 2000 to October 2020. Dual reviewers assessed study design, effectiveness, costs and study quality for eligibility. The reviewers performed a cost-consequence analysis from the hospital perspective, estimating the incidence rate ratio and increment net cost/savings per hospital over 3 years for each eligible study. Fifteen unique economic evaluations were eligible, and 12 studies were amenable to standardization. QI interventions were associated with a 43% decline in infections and wide ranges of net costs relative to usual care.
Citation: McCleskey SG, Shek L, Grein J . Economic evaluation of quality improvement interventions to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infections in the hospital setting: a systematic review. BMJ Qual Saf 2022 Apr;31(4):308-21. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2021-013839..
Keywords: Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Hospitals, Healthcare Costs
Schnipper JL, Reyes Nieva H, Mallouk M
Effects of a refined evidence-based toolkit and mentored implementation on medication reconciliation at 18 hospitals: results of the MARQUIS2 study.
This study was a follow-up of the first Multicenter Medication Reconciliation Quality Improvement Study (MARQUIS1) that demonstrated mentored implementation of a medication reconciliation best practices toolkit. The toolkit decreased total unintentional medication discrepancies in five hospitals, but results varied by site. The toolkit has been refined with lessons learned and retooled as MARQUIS2. The tool was implemented at 18 North American hospitals or hospital systems from 2016 to 2018, offering 17 system-level and 6-patient-level interventions. One of eight physicians coached each site remotely via monthly calls and one or two site visits. A total of 4947 patients were sampled, with 1229 preimplementation and 3718 postimplementation. A steady decline in medication discrepancy rates were experienced from 2.85 discrepancies per patient down to 0.98 discrepancies. An interrupted time series analysis of the 17 sites showed the intervention was associated with a 5% relative decrease in discrepancies per month.
AHRQ-funded; HS025486; HS023757.
Citation: Schnipper JL, Reyes Nieva H, Mallouk M . Effects of a refined evidence-based toolkit and mentored implementation on medication reconciliation at 18 hospitals: results of the MARQUIS2 study. BMJ Qual Saf 2022 Apr;31(4):278-86. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2020-012709..
Keywords: Medication, Evidence-Based Practice, Tools & Toolkits, Implementation, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Medication: Safety, Patient Safety
Leyenaar JK, Esporas M, Mangione-Smith R
How does pediatric quality measure development reflect the real world needs of hospitalized children?
This study examined to what extent do the Pediatric Quality Measures Program (PQMP) reflect the real world needs of hospitalized children. The authors discussed recent advances in pediatric quality measurement in the context of the current epidemiology of pediatric hospitalization in the US. The history of PQMP is discussed, including AHRQ’s role from 2011 to 2016 as the manager of cooperative agreement grants to seven academic medical centers to develop the initial set of evidence-based quality measures designed to improve children’s quality of care. During the second phase (2016 to 2020), 6 institutions were funded to implement and disseminate these quality measures, with a goal of determining their feasibility and usability. The majority of these measures were developed at large children’s hospitals. However, 20% of children live in rural areas not near a children’s hospital. Among all general hospitals that admit children, 80% have pediatric volumes of less than 375 hospitalizations per year. Unique strategies will be needed to evaluate healthcare quality at these hospitals. The role of interhospital transfer to larger children’s hospitals is also discussed and how it impacts quality of care.
Citation: Leyenaar JK, Esporas M, Mangione-Smith R . How does pediatric quality measure development reflect the real world needs of hospitalized children? Acad Pediatr 2022 Apr;22(3s):S70-s72. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2021.01.019..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Quality Measures, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Quality Indicators (QIs), Hospitals
Thorp K, Van CM, Olin SS
Integrating youth voice in health plan quality improvement.
This article describes lessons learned from working with health plans to incorporate youth voice in quality improvement (QI) approaches to improve adolescent depression care. Findings showed that plan approaches to youth engagement varied and evolved over time as plans learned how to employ deliberate approaches to engage youth perspectives. Further, plans learned that building genuine relationships with youth and family takes an investment of time and trust that can provide rich and useful information for QI.
Citation: Thorp K, Van CM, Olin SS . Integrating youth voice in health plan quality improvement. Acad Pediatr 2022 Apr;22(3s):S68-s69. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2021.03.006..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Patient and Family Engagement, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care
Cabana MD, Robinson K, Plavin J
Partnering to improve pediatric asthma quality.
The purpose of this article was to explore the need for partnering between emergency departments (Eds) and primary care physicians (PCPs) to improve asthma quality measures, practice level improvements for both PCPs and EDs, and ultimately improve outcomes for children with asthma. Proper and timely management of asthma is thought to prevent ED visits, and the responsibility for addressing improvements in PCP performance should be shared by the PCP practices and health care payors and plans. The ability to measure the drivers of asthma-related visits to the ED may be outside of what a PCP practice can address, and so practices must be able to partner with health plans to successfully measure and develop system-wide interventions for quality and outcomes improvement. Although a child’s asthma may be managed in their PCP office, treatment of asthma issues often takes place in an ED setting or urgent care clinic that may be completely isolated from the patient’s PCP provider and system. Health plans can fill in the missing pieces to provide feedback on performance which can reduce ED visits, improve medication adherence and management, and provide actionable and timely data about hospital visits and discharge to PCP practices for quality improvements. Social determinants and comorbidities play a role in addressing ED visits for asthma. Health plan, public health systems, and provider coordination, integration, and partnerships are required to effectively address those issues and improve outcomes. The authors conclude that a systems approach and thoughtful partnerships across disciplines will be required beyond the PCP practice level to improve the outcomes of children with asthma.
Citation: Cabana MD, Robinson K, Plavin J . Partnering to improve pediatric asthma quality. Acad Pediatr 2022 Apr;22(3S):S73-S75. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2021.06.013..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Asthma, Chronic Conditions, Emergency Department, Quality Measures, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care