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AHRQ Research Studies
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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 25 of 432 Research Studies Displayed
Moise N, Paniagua-Avila A, Barbecho JM
A theory-informed, rapid cycle approach to identifying and adapting strategies to promote sustainability: optimizing depression treatment in primary care clinics seeking to sustain collaborative care (the transform depcare study).
This study used a collaborative care (CC) use case to describe a novel, theory-informed, stakeholder engaged process for operationalizing strategies for sustainability using a behavioral lens. The goal is to optimize depression treatment in primary care clinics using the Transform DepCare shared decision-making and psychoeducation patient tool. The authors applied the Behaviour Change Wheel to their prior mixed methods to identify key sustainability behaviors and determinants of sustainability. The authors enlisted 22 national and local stakeholders to operationalize and adapt a multi-level, multi-component implementation strategy to maximally target behavioral and contextual determinants of sustainability. They identified ongoing care manager CC delivery, provider treatment optimization, and patient enrollment as key sustainability behaviors. They determined that a waiting room that delivered DepCare, the results of which are delivered to providers, as well as ongoing problem-solving meetings/local technical assistance with care managers would be the most acceptable and equitable multi-level strategy in diverse settings seeking to sustain CC programs. Key improvements would include expanding the DepCare tool to incorporate anxiety/suicide screening, triage support, multi-modal delivery, and patient activation (vs. shared decision making) (patient); pairing summary reports with decisional support and yearly onboarding/motivational educational videos (provider); incorporating behavioral health providers into problem-solving meetings and shifting from billing support to quality improvement and triage (system).
Citation: Moise N, Paniagua-Avila A, Barbecho JM . A theory-informed, rapid cycle approach to identifying and adapting strategies to promote sustainability: optimizing depression treatment in primary care clinics seeking to sustain collaborative care (the transform depcare study). Implement Sci Commun 2023 Jan 25; 4(1):10. doi: 10.1186/s43058-022-00383-2..
Keywords: Depression, Primary Care, Behavioral Health, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research
Zisman-Ilani Y, Thompson KD, Siegel LS
Crohn's disease shared decision making intervention leads to more patients choosing combination therapy: a cluster randomised controlled trial.
The purpose of this multi-site cluster randomised controlled trial was to test the impact of standard Crohn's disease care and compare with the impact of shared decision making (SDM) on the provider’s choice of therapy, quality of decisions, and provider trust. A total of 158 adult patients with Crohn's disease within 15 years of their diagnosis, with no prior Crohn's disease complications, and who were candidates to receive immunomodulators or biologics, from 14 diverse gastroenterology practices in the US, participated in the study. 99 of those participants received the intervention and 59 received standard care. The study found that participants in the intervention group chose combination therapy more frequently, had a significantly lower decisional conflict, and had greater trust in their provider.
Citation: Zisman-Ilani Y, Thompson KD, Siegel LS . Crohn's disease shared decision making intervention leads to more patients choosing combination therapy: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2023 Jan;57(2):205-14. doi: 10.1111/apt.17286..
Keywords: Digestive Disease and Health, Chronic Conditions, Decision Making, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Clinician-Patient Communication
Fareed N, Swoboda C, Singh P
Developing and testing an integrated patient mHealth and provider dashboard application system for type 2 diabetes management among Medicaid-enrolled pregnant individuals based on a user-centered approach: mixed-methods study.
The objective of this study was to develop user specifications for a tailored and integrated technology, patient application (mHealth) and provider dashboard, that provides a complete view of Medicaid-enrolled patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) during pregnancy and to develop prototypes based on users’ needs. Participating patients and providers stated a core set of expectations for the mHealth and dashboard applications. Participants then provided feedback to improve these applications. The authors concluded that digital health tools could transform health care among Medicaid-enrolled patients with T2D during pregnancy, with the goal of managing their blood glucose levels. Refining the stated needs and preferences of patients and providers to develop applications holds potential for tackling complicated health care issues.
Citation: Fareed N, Swoboda C, Singh P . Developing and testing an integrated patient mHealth and provider dashboard application system for type 2 diabetes management among Medicaid-enrolled pregnant individuals based on a user-centered approach: mixed-methods study. Digit Health 2023 Jan-Dec; 9:20552076221144181. doi: 10.1177/20552076221144181..
Keywords: Patient-Centered Healthcare, Telehealth, Diabetes, Pregnancy, Chronic Conditions, Women, Health Information Technology (HIT)
Safon CB, Estela MG, Rosenberg J
Implementation of a novel pediatric behavioral health integration initiative.
The purpose of this concurrent, qualitative-dominant mixed methods empirical study was to explore healthcare professionals' perceptions of the impact of behavioral health integration (BHI) on pediatric primary care delivery in community health centers (CHCs). The researchers utilized semi-structured interviews with healthcare professionals at the end of the implementation phase of a 3-year process and surveys administered at three time points. Qualitative themes were mapped onto the Relational Coordination (RC) conceptual framework to triangulate and complement final qualitative results with quantitative results. The researchers round five emergent themes aligning with RC domains. The results of the survey showed that healthcare professionals reported both greater behavioral healthcare integration into clinic practice and greater clinic readiness to address behavioral health needs. The researchers concluded that effective pediatric BHI and care delivery at CHCs may depend on solid professional relationships and communication.
Citation: Safon CB, Estela MG, Rosenberg J . Implementation of a novel pediatric behavioral health integration initiative. J Behav Health Serv Res 2023 Jan;50(1):1-17. doi: 10.1007/s11414-022-09803-6..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Behavioral Health, Healthcare Delivery, Primary Care, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Community-Based Practice
Schuttner L, Hockett Sherlock S, Simons CE
My goals are not their goals: barriers and facilitators to delivery of patient-centered care for patients with multimorbidity.
This study’s goal was to clarify facilitators and barriers perceived by primary care physicians in the Veterans Health Administration to delivering patient-centered care for high-risk or complex patients with multimorbidity. The authors conducted semi-structured telephone interviews from April to July 2020 with 23 physicians across 20 clinical sites, with most being female (61%). Facilitators included: effective physician-patient communication to individualize care, prioritize among multiple needs, and elicit goals to improve patient engagement; access to care, enabled by interdisciplinary teams, and dictating personalized care planning; effortful but worthwhile care coordination and continuity; meeting complex needs through effective teamwork; and integrating medical and non-medical care aspects in recognition of patients' psychosocial contexts. Barriers included: intra- and interpersonal (e.g., perceived patient reluctance to engage in care); organizational (e.g., limited encounter time); and community or policy impediments (e.g., state decisional capacity laws) to patient-centered care.
Citation: Schuttner L, Hockett Sherlock S, Simons CE . My goals are not their goals: barriers and facilitators to delivery of patient-centered care for patients with multimorbidity. J Gen Intern Med 2022 Dec;37(16):4189-96. doi: 10.1007/s11606-022-07533-1..
Keywords: Patient-Centered Healthcare, Healthcare Delivery, Chronic Conditions, Clinician-Patient Communication, Communication, Patient and Family Engagement
Schumacher JR, Zahrieh D, Chow S
Increasing socioeconomically disadvantaged patients' engagement in breast cancer surgery decision-making through a shared decision-making intervention (A231701CD): protocol for a cluster randomised clinical trial.
This paper describes the protocol for a multisite randomized trial to test the impact of a newly developed decision aid to increase socioeconomically disadvantaged patients' engagement in breast cancer surgery decision-making. The study will be conducted through 10 surgical clinics within the National Cancer Institute Community Oncology Research Program (NCORP). A stepped-wedge design with clinics will be randomized to the time of transition from usual care to the decision aid arm. Study participants will be female, aged ≥18 years, with newly diagnosed stage 0-III breast cancer who are planning breast surgery. Data collection will include a baseline surgeon survey, baseline patient survey, audio-recording of the surgeon-patient consultation, a follow-up patient survey and medical record data review. A subset of patients, surgeons, and clinic stakeholders will participate in interviews and focus groups.
Citation: Schumacher JR, Zahrieh D, Chow S . Increasing socioeconomically disadvantaged patients' engagement in breast cancer surgery decision-making through a shared decision-making intervention (A231701CD): protocol for a cluster randomised clinical trial. BMJ Open 2022 Nov 17;12(11):e063895. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-063895..
Keywords: Cancer: Breast Cancer, Cancer, Patient and Family Engagement, Decision Making, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Surgery, Women
Rodriguez HP, Kyalwazi MJ, Lewis VA
Adoption of patient-reported outcomes by health systems and physician practices in the USA.
This study examined the extent of patient-reported outcome (PRO) measure adoption among health systems and physician practices nationally and examines the organizational capabilities associated with more extensive PRO adoption. A total of 323 US health system and 2,190 physician practices responded to one of two nationally representative surveys. Survey results found that pain (50.6%) and depression (43.8%) PROs were more commonly adopted by all hospitals and medical groups within health systems compared to disability PROs (26.5%). Systems with more advanced health IT functions were more likely to use disability and depression PROs than systems with less advanced health IT. Practice-level advanced health IT was positively associated with use of depression PRO, but not disability or pain PRO use. The three PROs were more likely to be adopted in practices with more chronic care management processes, broader medical and social risk screening, and more processes to support patient responsiveness. Also, compared to independent physician practices, system-owned practices and community health centers were less likely to adopt PROs.
Citation: Rodriguez HP, Kyalwazi MJ, Lewis VA . Adoption of patient-reported outcomes by health systems and physician practices in the USA. J Gen Intern Med 2022 Nov;37(15):3885-92. doi: 10.1007/s11606-022-07631-0..
Keywords: Health Systems, Provider: Physician, Patient-Centered Healthcare
Valentine KD, Lipstein EA, Vo H
Pediatric caregiver version of the Shared Decision Making Process Scale: validity and reliability for ADHD treatment decisions.
This study’s goal was to examine the validity and reliability of a scale for a shared decision making (SDM) Process scale in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment decisions. This cross-sectional survey included 498 caregivers of children aged 5-13 diagnosed with ADHD who had made a decision about ADHD medication in the last 2 years. Surveys included the adapted SDM Process scale, decisional conflict, decision regret, and decision involvement. The scale was found to be acceptable and reliable. Scores demonstrated convergent validity, as they were higher for those without decisional conflict than those with decisional conflict and higher for caregivers who stated they made the decision with the provider than those who made the decision themselves. Higher scores were related to less regret, though the magnitude of the relationship was small.
Citation: Valentine KD, Lipstein EA, Vo H . Pediatric caregiver version of the Shared Decision Making Process Scale: validity and reliability for ADHD treatment decisions. Acad Pediatr 2022 Nov-Dec;22(8):1503-09. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2022.07.014..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Behavioral Health, Decision Making, Patient-Centered Healthcare
Graber J, Kittelson A, Juarez-Colunga E
Comparing "people-like-me" and linear mixed model predictions of functional recovery following knee arthroplasty.
This study compared the relative strengths and weaknesses of 2 prediction model approaches for predicting functional recovery after knee arthroplasty: a neighbors-based "people-like-me" (PLM) approach and a linear mixed model (LMM) approach. The authors used 2 distinct datasets to train and then test PLM and LMM prediction approaches. They used the Timed Up and Go (TUG)-a common test of mobility-to operationalize physical function. Both approaches use patient characteristics and baseline postoperative TUG values to predict TUG recovery from days 1-425 following surgery. They then compared the accuracy and precision of the two approaches. A total of 317 patient records with 1379 TUG observations were used to train approaches, and 456 patient records with 1244 TUG observations were used to test the predictions. Both approaches performed similarly in terms of mean squared error and bias, but the PLM approach provided more accurate and precise estimates of prediction uncertainty.
Citation: Graber J, Kittelson A, Juarez-Colunga E . Comparing "people-like-me" and linear mixed model predictions of functional recovery following knee arthroplasty. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2022 Oct 7;29(11):1899-907. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocac123..
Keywords: Orthopedics, Surgery, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Outcomes
Steeves-Reece AL, Nicolaidis C, Richardson DM
"It made me feel like things are starting to change in society:" a qualitative study to foster positive patient experiences during phone-based social needs interventions.
Investigators conducted a pragmatic qualitative study with patients who had participated in a health-related social needs (HRSN) intervention. They found that patients were likely to have initial skepticism or reservations about the intervention; they identified 4 positive intervention components regarding patient experience; and they found that patients could be left with feelings of appreciation or hope, regardless of whether they connected with HRSN resources.
Citation: Steeves-Reece AL, Nicolaidis C, Richardson DM . "It made me feel like things are starting to change in society:" a qualitative study to foster positive patient experiences during phone-based social needs interventions. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Oct 3;19(19). doi: 10.3390/ijerph191912668..
Keywords: Patient Experience, Patient and Family Engagement, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Telehealth, Health Information Technology (HIT)
Khullar D, Prasad K, Neprash H
Factors associated with patient trust in their clinicians: results from the healthy work place study.
The goal of this study was to determine workplace, clinician, and patient correlates of patient trust in their clinician. The sample used baseline data from the Healthy Work Place trial, a randomized trial of Midwest and East Coast primary care practices. Trust was found to relate mainly to several aspects of care variables (including satisfaction with explanations, overall satisfaction with provider, learning about medical conditions, and the clinician's personal manner), with lesser association with patient characteristics and clinician work conditions. Findings showed that trust was primarily related to what happens between clinicians and patients in the examination room.
Citation: Khullar D, Prasad K, Neprash H . Factors associated with patient trust in their clinicians: results from the healthy work place study. Health Care Manage Rev 2022 Oct-Dec;47(4):289-96. doi: 10.1097/hmr.0000000000000336..
Keywords: Patient-Centered Healthcare, Patient Experience, Clinician-Patient Communication
Salloum RG, Bilello L, Bian J
Study protocol for a type III hybrid effectiveness-implementation trial to evaluate scaling interoperable clinical decision support for patient-centered chronic pain management in primary care.
The objective of this 3-year project is to study the adaptation and implementation of an existing interoperable clinical decision support (CDS) tool for pain treatment shared decision making, with tailored implementation support, in new clinical settings in the OneFlorida Clinical Research Consortium. The evaluation will be organized by the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework, with an adaptation and tailoring of PainManager, an open source interoperable CDS tool. It is anticipated that this evaluation will establish the feasibility and obtain preliminary data in preparation for a multi-site pragmatic trial targeting the effectiveness of PainManager and tailored implementation support on shared decision making and patient-reported pain and physical function.
AHRQ-funded; R18 HS028584.
Citation: Salloum RG, Bilello L, Bian J . Study protocol for a type III hybrid effectiveness-implementation trial to evaluate scaling interoperable clinical decision support for patient-centered chronic pain management in primary care. Implement Sci 2022 Jul 15;17(1):44. doi: 10.1186/s13012-022-01217-4..
Keywords: Clinical Decision Support (CDS), Pain, Chronic Conditions, Primary Care, Health Information Technology (HIT), Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Patient-Centered Healthcare
Dullabh P, Sandberg SF, Heaney-Huls K
AHRQ Author: Berliner E, Dymek C, Harrison MI, Swiger J
Challenges and opportunities for advancing patient-centered clinical decision support: findings from a horizon scan.
This AHRQ-authored horizon scan identified challenges and opportunities for advancing patient-centered clinical decision support (PC CDS) and future directions for PC CDS. The authors engaged a technical expert panel, conducted a scoping literature review, and interviewed key informants. They quantitatively analyzed literature and interview transcripts and mapped the findings to the 4 phases translating evidence into PC CDS interventions (Prioritizing, Authoring, Implementing, and Measuring) and to external factors. Twelve challenges were identified for PC CDS development with lack of patient input identified as a critical challenge. Lack of patient-centered terminology standards was viewed as a challenge in authoring PC CDS. They also found a dearth of CDS studies that measured clinical outcomes, creating significant gaps in the understanding of PC CDS’ impact.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; 233201500023I.
Citation: Dullabh P, Sandberg SF, Heaney-Huls K . Challenges and opportunities for advancing patient-centered clinical decision support: findings from a horizon scan. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2022 Jun 14;29(7):1233-43. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocac059.
Keywords: Clinical Decision Support (CDS), Patient-Centered Healthcare, Health Information Technology (HIT), Decision Making, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Evidence-Based Practice
Choi KR, Lotfizadah AD, Bhakta B
Concordance between patient-centered and adaptive behavior outcome measures after applied behavior analysis for autism.
In clinical trials, applied behavioral analysis (ABA) is an evidence-based approach to autism spectrum disorder that has been shown to improve child functional status. Setting and tracking individualized, patient-centered goals is a focus in ABA, yet there is little research on measuring progress on such goals. The purpose of this study was to observe and evaluate a clinical sample of children 3 to 16 years of age (N=154) receiving 24 months of ABA for autism spectrum disorder, and assess the concordance between patient-centered and standard outcome measures of treatment progress. The study found that there was limited concordance among measures at 12 and 24 months of ABA. The study also found that between 12 and 24 months of ABA, the percentage of children who achieved clinically meaningful gain on patient-centered goal measures increased, while the percentage of children who achieved clinically meaningful gains in adaptive behavior decreased. The study concluded that providers should have continuous dialogue with patients and caregivers to ensure that ASD programs and interventions progress toward meaningful goals and outcomes for patients and their caregivers.
Citation: Choi KR, Lotfizadah AD, Bhakta B . Concordance between patient-centered and adaptive behavior outcome measures after applied behavior analysis for autism. BMC Pediatr 2022 May 27;22(1):314. doi: 10.1186/s12887-022-03383-2..
Keywords: Patient-Centered Healthcare, Autism, Behavioral Health
Loo S, Mullikin K, Robbins C
Patient navigator team perceptions on the implementation of a citywide breast cancer patient navigation protocol: a qualitative study.
This study’s goal was to assess the implementation of the 2018 Translating Research Into Practice (TRIP), an evidence-based patient navigation intervention aimed at addressing breast cancer care disparities, across six Boston hospitals. Patient navigator team member perspectives regarding implementation barriers and facilitators one-year post-study implementation were assessed. Seventeen interviews were conducted with patient navigators, patient navigator supervisors, and designated clinical champions. The following benefits were identified by participants: 1) increased networking and connections for navigators across clinical sites (Cosmopolitanism), 2) formalization of the patient navigation process (Goals and Purpose, Access to Knowledge and Information, and Relative Advantage), and 3) flexibility within the TRIP intervention that allowed for diversity in implementation and use of TRIP components across sites (Adaptability). Barriers included documentation requirements and the structured patient follow up guidelines that did not always align with the timeline of existing site navigation processes.
Citation: Loo S, Mullikin K, Robbins C . Patient navigator team perceptions on the implementation of a citywide breast cancer patient navigation protocol: a qualitative study. BMC Health Serv Res 2022 May 21;22(1):683. doi: 10.1186/s12913-022-08090-3..
Keywords: Patient-Centered Healthcare, Cancer: Breast Cancer, Cancer, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Evidence-Based Practice
Dullabh P, Heaney-Huls K, Lobach DF
AHRQ Author: Lomotan E, Swiger J, Harrison MI, Dymek C
The technical landscape for patient-centered CDS: progress, gaps, and challenges.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical landscape for patient-centered clinical decision support (PC CDS) methods to assess the gaps in making PC CDS more standard-based, publicly available, and with greater shareability. The researchers utilized qualitative data from a literature review, a panel of technical experts, and interviews with 18 CDS stakeholders to identify 7 technical considerations that span 5 phases of the development of PC CDS. The authors concluded that while there has been progress in the technical landscape, the field of CDS must focus on improving a number of CDS methods and processes, including standards for translating clinical guidelines into patient-centered clinical decision support, procedures to collect, standardize, and incorporate health data generated by patients, and other CDS processes.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; 233201500023I.
Citation: Dullabh P, Heaney-Huls K, Lobach DF . The technical landscape for patient-centered CDS: progress, gaps, and challenges. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2022 May 11;29(6):1101-05. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocac029..
Keywords: Clinical Decision Support (CDS), Decision Making, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Health Information Technology (HIT)
Rosenberg SM, Gierisch JM, Revette AC
"Is it cancer or not?" A qualitative exploration of survivor concerns surrounding the diagnosis and treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ.
This study investigated the impact of a ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) diagnosis by engaging self-identified patients regarding their experience. Findings showed that, in a large, national sample, participants with a history of DCIS reported confusion and concern about the diagnosis and treatment, which caused worry and significant uncertainty.
Citation: Rosenberg SM, Gierisch JM, Revette AC . "Is it cancer or not?" A qualitative exploration of survivor concerns surrounding the diagnosis and treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ. Cancer 2022 Apr 15;128(8):1676-83. doi: 10.1002/cncr.34126..
Keywords: Cancer: Breast Cancer, Cancer, Decision Making, Women, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Clinician-Patient Communication, Patient and Family Engagement, Communication
Bierman AS, Tong ST, McNellis RJ
AHRQ Author: Bierman AS, Tong ST, McNellis RJ
Realizing the dream: the future of primary care research.
In this article, the authors discussed the primary care research central to successful primary care transformation and to realizing the vision of a high-performing US health system to serve effectively all Americans and their communities while advancing health equity.
Citation: Bierman AS, Tong ST, McNellis RJ . Realizing the dream: the future of primary care research. Ann Fam Med 2022 Mar-Apr;20(2):170-74. doi: 10.1370/afm.2788..
Keywords: Primary Care, Healthcare Delivery, Evidence-Based Practice, Health Systems, Learning Health Systems, Patient-Centered Healthcare
Chen MM, Hughes TM, Dossett LA
Peace of mind: a role in unnecessary care?
This article discusses the role peace of mind plays in unnecessary cancer preventative care, including unnecessary screenings and surgeries. For example, shared-decision making is recommended by the USPSTF for PSA-based screening but if the decision to screen is emotion-based, then shared decision-making guidelines may not be effective. A number of studies have shown that peace of mind has been implicated as a key patient-centered outcome driving the increased utilization of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM). Overdiagnosis and overtreating of thyroid cancer have resulted in an accelerating rate of total thyroidectomies relative to lobectomies for small papillary cancers in the past decade even though there is no evidence showing better survival rates. Quality-of-life studies have not shown better outcomes to patients who do chose the more radical treatment. The authors recommend that clinicians undergo training in cognitive debiasing strategies and more training in empathic communication and risk communication techniques to decrease the potential negative influence of peace of mind.
Citation: Chen MM, Hughes TM, Dossett LA . Peace of mind: a role in unnecessary care? J Clin Oncol 2022 Feb 10;40(5):433-37. doi: 10.1200/jco.21.01895..
Keywords: Patient-Centered Healthcare, Decision Making, Cancer
Schuttner L, Hockett Sherlock S, Simons C
Factors affecting primary care physician decision-making for patients with complex multimorbidity: a qualitative interview study.
Researchers sought to describe factors affecting physician decision-making when care planning for complex patients with multimorbidity within the team-based, patient-centered medical home setting in the integrated healthcare system of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). They found that primary care physicians described internal, external, and relationship-based factors that affected their care planning for high-risk and complex patients with multimorbidity in the VHA.
Citation: Schuttner L, Hockett Sherlock S, Simons C . Factors affecting primary care physician decision-making for patients with complex multimorbidity: a qualitative interview study. BMC Prim Care 2022 Feb 5;23(1):25. doi: 10.1186/s12875-022-01633-x..
Keywords: Primary Care, Decision Making, Chronic Conditions, Patient-Centered Healthcare
Graber J, Lockhart S, Matlock DD
"This is not negotiable. You need to do this…": a directed content analysis of decision making in rehabilitation after knee arthroplasty.
In this qualitative study, researchers sought to understand patients' and physical therapists' perspectives related to decision making during outpatient rehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and further to describe potential barriers and opportunities for shared decision making (SDM) in this setting. They found that physical therapists described using decision-making strategies with varying levels of patient involvement, while both patients and physical therapists described barriers to routine use of SDM in the outpatient setting. They also presented actionable strategies for overcoming these barriers for providers and organizations seeking consistently to use SDM in outpatient TKA rehabilitation.
Citation: Graber J, Lockhart S, Matlock DD . "This is not negotiable. You need to do this…": a directed content analysis of decision making in rehabilitation after knee arthroplasty. J Eval Clin Pract 2022 Feb;28(1):99-107. doi: 10.1111/jep.13591..
Keywords: Decision Making, Rehabilitation, Orthopedics, Surgery, Patient-Centered Healthcare
Kunneman M, Branda ME, Ridgeway JL
Making sense of diabetes medication decisions: a mixed methods cluster randomized trial using a conversation aid intervention.
The purpose of this trial was to determine the effectiveness of a shared decision-making (SDM) tool versus guideline-informed usual care in translating evidence into primary care, and to explore how use of the tool changed patient perspectives about diabetes medication decision making. Findings showed that using an SDM conversation aid improved patient knowledge and involvement in SDM without impacting treatment choice, encounter length, medication adherence, or improved diabetes control in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Citation: Kunneman M, Branda ME, Ridgeway JL . Making sense of diabetes medication decisions: a mixed methods cluster randomized trial using a conversation aid intervention. Endocrine 2022 Feb;75(2):377-91. doi: 10.1007/s12020-021-02861-4..
Keywords: Diabetes, Medication, Decision Making, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Clinician-Patient Communication, Chronic Conditions
Dy SM, Acton RM, Yuan CT
Association of implementation and social network factors with patient safety culture in medical homes: a coincidence analysis.
This cross-case analysis study's objective was to explore which patient-centered medical home (PCMH) and patient safety implementation and social network factors may be necessary or sufficient for higher patient safety culture using 25 diverse US PCMHs. Findings suggested that PCMH safety culture is higher when clinicians and staff perceive that leadership prioritizes patient safety and when high reciprocity among staff exists.
Citation: Dy SM, Acton RM, Yuan CT . Association of implementation and social network factors with patient safety culture in medical homes: a coincidence analysis. J Patient Saf 2022 Jan;18(1):e249-e56. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000000752..
Keywords: Patient-Centered Healthcare, Surveys on Patient Safety Culture, Patient Safety
Ahern J, Singer S, Bhanja A
Considering dentists within the healthcare team: a cross-sectional, multi-state analysis of primary care provider and staff perspectives.
The authors used novel survey data to examine the extent to which primary care providers, other providers, and staff consider dentists part of the healthcare team, and assessed associated practice and individual characteristics. Their findings indicated that dentists are frequently not considered part of the healthcare team in primary care settings. Further, varied responses within practices suggested that provider and staff perceptions may pose challenges to integrating dentists into primary care. Respondents in practices with more integrated diabetes care management processes were more likely to consider dentists as part of the healthcare team, reflecting dental care recommendations made by the American Diabetes Association.
Citation: Ahern J, Singer S, Bhanja A . Considering dentists within the healthcare team: a cross-sectional, multi-state analysis of primary care provider and staff perspectives. J Gen Intern Med 2022 Jan;37(1):246-48. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06564-w..
Keywords: Primary Care, Provider: Health Personnel, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Care Coordination
Chyr LC, DeGroot L, Waldfogel JM
Implementation and effectiveness of integrating palliative care into ambulatory care of noncancer serious chronic illness: mixed methods review and meta-analysis.
The purpose of this study was to assess the implementation of models for integrating palliative care into ambulatory care for adults with noncancer serious chronic illness. Between January 2000 to May 2020, the researchers reviewed 3 electronic databases and included qualitative, mixed methods studies, and randomized and nonrandomized controlled trial studies. Quantitative analysis included 14 studies of 2,934 US adult patients. The study found that when compared to usual care the models assessed were not more effective for improving patient health-related quality of life (HRQOL) or for patient depressive symptom scores. Qualitative analysis included 5 studies of 146 patients. There was variance in patient preferences for appropriate timing of palliative care; barriers to implementation included costs, additional visits, and travel. The researchers concluded that models were not more effective than usual care for improving HRQOL or depressive symptom scores and may have little to no effect on decreasing overall symptom burden but were more effective for increasing AD documentation.
Citation: Chyr LC, DeGroot L, Waldfogel JM . Implementation and effectiveness of integrating palliative care into ambulatory care of noncancer serious chronic illness: mixed methods review and meta-analysis. Ann Fam Med 2022 Jan-Feb;20(1):77-83. doi: 10.1370/afm.2754..
Keywords: Chronic Conditions, Palliative Care, Implementation, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Quality of Life