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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Bennett WE, Jr., Hendrix KS, Thompson-Fleming RT
Early cow's milk introduction is associated with failed personal-social milestones after 1 year of age.
The researchers used a novel computerized decision support system to gather data from multiple general pediatrics offices.They found an association between the introduction of cow's milk before 1 year of age and the rate of delayed developmental milestones after 1 year of age, adding strength to the recommendations from the AAP and IOM to delay cow's milk introduction until after 1 year of age.
AHRQ-funded; HS017939; HS018453; HS020640.
Citation: Bennett WE, Jr., Hendrix KS, Thompson-Fleming RT . Early cow's milk introduction is associated with failed personal-social milestones after 1 year of age. Eur J Pediatr 2014 Jul;173(7):887-92. doi: 10.1007/s00431-014-2265-y.
Keywords: Clinical Decision Support (CDS), Disabilities, Health Information Technology (HIT), Newborns/Infants, Nutrition
Davidoff AJ, Gardner LD, Zuckerman IH
AHRQ Author: Davidoff AJ
Validation of disability status, a claims-based measure of functional status for cancer treatment and outcomes studies.
The researchers implemented and validated a disability status (DS) measure in 4 cohorts of cancer patients. They found that the DS measure is a significant independent predictor of cancer-directed treatment, but unobserved factors continue to play a role in determining treatments.
Citation: Davidoff AJ, Gardner LD, Zuckerman IH . Validation of disability status, a claims-based measure of functional status for cancer treatment and outcomes studies. Med Care 2014 Jun;52(6):500-10. doi: 10.1097/mlr.0000000000000122.
Keywords: Cancer, Cancer: Breast Cancer, Disabilities, Health Status, Cancer: Lung Cancer
Rowland M, Peterson-Besse J, Dobbertin K
Health outcome disparities among subgroups of people with disabilities: a scoping review.
The authors described recent research activity that has examined health outcome disparities within populations of people with disabilities. They found that the health outcomes most frequently examined were diabetes and heart disease, and the most frequently examined disparity factors were the type of disabling condition and gender. Identifying that there are significant gaps in available research, they concluded that building a body of research that identifies disparities and potentially vulnerable subgroups may improve understanding of the causes of disparities and contribute to efforts to improve quality of life and health outcomes for individuals with disabilities.
Citation: Rowland M, Peterson-Besse J, Dobbertin K . Health outcome disparities among subgroups of people with disabilities: a scoping review. Disabil Health J 2014 Apr;7(2):136-50. doi: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2013.09.003.
Keywords: Disabilities, Disparities, Health Status, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research
Bettger JP, Zhao X, Bushnell C
The association between socioeconomic status and disability after stroke: findings from the Adherence eValuation After Ischemic stroke Longitudinal (AVAIL) registry.
The authors examined the association of three indicators of SES--educational attainment, working status, and perceived adequacy of household income--with disability 3-months following an acute ischemic stroke. They found that 58% of the Adherence eValuation After Ischemic stroke--Longitudinal study patients had a high school or less education, 61% were not working, and 27% perceived their household income as inadequate prior to their stroke. Thirty five percent of patients were disabled at 3-months. They concluded that, in this cohort of stroke survivors, socioeconomic status was associated with disability following acute ischemic stroke.
AHRQ-funded; HS019479; HS016964.
Citation: Bettger JP, Zhao X, Bushnell C . The association between socioeconomic status and disability after stroke: findings from the Adherence eValuation After Ischemic stroke Longitudinal (AVAIL) registry. BMC Public Health 2014 Mar 26;14:281. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-281.
Keywords: Disabilities, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Social Determinants of Health, Stroke