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AHRQ Research Studies
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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 6 of 6 Research Studies Displayed
Shenkman E, Tomar S, Manning D
Feasibility and usability of measuring receipt of sealants in 2 states.
In this study, the authors examined the reliability and validity of the Dental Quality Alliance childhood sealant measure under actual use conditions in Texas and Florida. The 2 states provide care for almost 20% of children in Medicaid nationally. They proposed eliminating the caries risk assessment requirement and incorporating a 3-year look-back period to identify already sealed, missing, or restored molars.
AHRQ-funded; U18 HS025298.
Citation: Shenkman E, Tomar S, Manning D . Feasibility and usability of measuring receipt of sealants in 2 states. J Am Dent Assoc 2019 Oct;150(10):839-45. doi: 10.1016/j.adaj.2019.05.022..
Keywords: Dental and Oral Health, Children/Adolescents, Quality Measures, Quality of Care
Meyerhoefer CD, Zuvekas SH, Farkhad BF
AHRQ Author: Zuvekas SH
The demand for preventive and restorative dental services among older adults.
This study examined the use of preventive and restorative dental services among older adults. Traditional Medicare does not have dental benefits, and older adults must either be employed, have post-retirement dental benefits or spousal coverage, or enroll in a Medicare Advantage program that includes dental coverage. The authors used 2007-2015 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey and supplemental data on dental care prices to estimate the demand for dental care. Dental service was not sensitive to out-of-pocket prices. Older adults with private dental insurance increased preventive service by 25%, and dental coverage through Medicaid increased basic and major service use by 23% and 36%. Women used dental insurance more than men.
Citation: Meyerhoefer CD, Zuvekas SH, Farkhad BF . The demand for preventive and restorative dental services among older adults. Health Econ 2019 Sep;28(9):1151-58. doi: 10.1002/hec.3921..
Keywords: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), Elderly, Dental and Oral Health, Medicare, Health Insurance, Access to Care
Suda KJ, Calip GS, Zhou J
Assessment of the appropriateness of antibiotic prescriptions for infection prophylaxis before dental procedures, 2011 to 2015.
This retrospective cohort study examined the use of antibiotic prophylaxis prescribed before dental procedures with patients who have commercial dental insurance. Data from the Truven insurance network was used for claims from 2009 to 2015. Patients in the study were given an antibiotic prescription 7 days before a dental visit. These patients have an appropriate cardiac diagnosis and the median age was 63 and majority female. The majority of dental visits were classified as diagnostic (70.2%) or and/or preventive (58.8%). There were prevalent comorbidities in some patients including prosthetic joint devices (42.5%) and cardiac conditions at higher risk of adverse outcome from infections (20.9%). It was found that 80.9% of antibiotic prescriptions were deemed to be unnecessary based on guidelines.
Citation: Suda KJ, Calip GS, Zhou J . Assessment of the appropriateness of antibiotic prescriptions for infection prophylaxis before dental procedures, 2011 to 2015. JAMA Netw Open 2019 May 3;2(5):e193909. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.3909..
Keywords: Decision Making, Dental and Oral Health, Medication, Practice Patterns, Prevention
Suda KJ, Durkin MJ, Calip GS
Comparison of opioid prescribing by dentists in the United States and England.
The goal of this cross-sectional study was to compare opioid prescribing rates by dentists in the US and England, using data on prescriptions dispensed from outpatient pharmacies and health care settings in 2016 by dentists in both countries. Findings show that the proportion of prescriptions for opioids written by US dentists was 37 times greater than the proportion written by English dentists. US dentists also had a higher number of opioid prescriptions per 1000 population and number of prescriptions per dentist. Dihydrocodeine was the only opioid prescribed by English dentists, while US dentists prescribed a range of opioids containing hydrocodone, codeine, oxycodone, and tramadol, as well as long-acting opioids. The researchers conclude that US dentists adopt measures similar to those used in England to reduce dental opioid prescribing in the United States.
Citation: Suda KJ, Durkin MJ, Calip GS . Comparison of opioid prescribing by dentists in the United States and England. JAMA Netw Open 2019 May 3;2(5):e194303. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.4303..
Keywords: Dental and Oral Health, Medication, Opioids, Pain, Practice Patterns, Provider
Gross AE, Hanna D, Rowan SA
Successful implementation of an antibiotic stewardship program in an academic dental practice.
Researchers created a comprehensive antibiotic stewardship program (ASP) for dental practices. A baseline needs assessment and literature evaluation was conducted by a team of dentists, pharmacists, and physician leaders. An academic dental center in Illinois that is the state’s largest oral health provider for Medicaid recipients was used. After intervention with the ASP, there was a 72.9% decrease in antibiotic prescribing for urgent care visits.
Citation: Gross AE, Hanna D, Rowan SA . Successful implementation of an antibiotic stewardship program in an academic dental practice. Open Forum Infect Dis 2019 Mar;6(3):ofz067. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofz067..
Keywords: Antibiotics, Antimicrobial Stewardship, Dental and Oral Health, Medication, Patient Safety
Abdus S, Decker SL
AHRQ Author: Abdus S, Decker SL
Association between Medicaid adult nonemergency dental benefits and dental services use and expenditures.
AHRQ researchers compared nonemergency dental services use in states with and without Medicaid adult nonemergency dental benefits. Dental use increased in states with the Medicaid dental benefit. Out-of-pocket expenses decreased approximately 19 percent in covered states.
Citation: Abdus S, Decker SL . Association between Medicaid adult nonemergency dental benefits and dental services use and expenditures. J Am Dent Assoc 2019 Jan;150(1):24-33. doi: 10.1016/j.adaj.2018.08.010..
Keywords: Dental and Oral Health, Healthcare Costs, Healthcare Utilization, Medicaid, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)