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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Dos Santos Marques IC, Herbey II, Theiss LM
Understanding the surgical experience for African-Americans and Caucasians with enhanced recovery.
The purpose of this study was to use qualitative methods to better understand the surgical experience for African-American and Caucasian patients in the setting of an enhanced recovery program (ERP). Findings showed that African-American and Caucasian surgical patients have varied surgical experiences even under an ERP. All patients, however, valued the ability to obtain, process, and understand health information during the surgical process. These elements define "health literacy" and suggest the importance of providing health literacy-sensitive care in surgery.
Citation: Dos Santos Marques IC, Herbey II, Theiss LM . Understanding the surgical experience for African-Americans and Caucasians with enhanced recovery. J Surg Res 2020 Jun;250:12-22. doi: //10.1016/j.jss.2019.12.034..
Keywords: Surgery, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Patient Experience, Disparities, Health Literacy, Education: Patient and Caregiver
De Oliveira GS, Errea M, Bialek J
The impact of health literacy on shared decision making before elective surgery: a propensity matched case control analysis.
The primary aim of this study was to evaluate a possible association between health literacy and decision conflict in surgical patients. Patients undergoing a diverse number of elective surgeries were enrolled in the study. Health literacy was measured using the Newest Vital Sign instrument and decision conflict using the low literacy version of the Decision Conflict Scale. The investigators found that poor health literacy is associated with greater decision conflict in patients undergoing elective surgical procedures.
Citation: De Oliveira GS, Errea M, Bialek J . The impact of health literacy on shared decision making before elective surgery: a propensity matched case control analysis. BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 12;18(1):958. doi: 10.1186/s12913-018-3755-9..
Keywords: Decision Making, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Health Literacy, Surgery