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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
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Zhang Y, Johnson P, Jeng PJ
First opioid prescription and subsequent high-risk opioid use: a national study of privately insured and Medicare Advantage adults.
This study examined the association between a first opioid prescription and high-risk opioid use in the 18 months following the first prescription. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from a large commercial insurance claims database for patients aged 18-64 and also Medicare Advantage patients aged 65 or older for 2011-2014. The patients initially had not used opioids. The features the researchers were looking for were: 1) opioid or benzodiazepine prescriptions overlapping 7 days or more, 2) opioid prescriptions overlapping for 7 days or more; 3) three or more prescribers of opioids; and 4) a daily dosage exceeding 120 morphine milligram equivalents, in each of the six quarters following the first prescription. All of those features were strongly associated with high-risk use.
Citation: Zhang Y, Johnson P, Jeng PJ . First opioid prescription and subsequent high-risk opioid use: a national study of privately insured and Medicare Advantage adults. J Gen Intern Med 2018 Dec;33(12):2156-62. doi: 10.1007/s11606-018-4628-y..
Keywords: Opioids, Substance Abuse, Medication, Risk, Medicare, Health Insurance