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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Colton K, Richards CT, Pruitt PB
Early stroke recognition and time-based emergency care performance metrics for intracerebral hemorrhage.
This study compared time for early stroke recognition for intracerebral hemorrhage for hospitals with and without stroke teams. An observational cohort study was conducted at an urban comprehensive stroke center from 2009 to 2017 with 204 cases included. Stroke team activation resulted in faster emergency care compared to no activation. This process resulted in shorter onset-to-arrival times, higher NIH Stroke Scale scores, and higher Glasgow Coma Scale scores.
Citation: Colton K, Richards CT, Pruitt PB . Early stroke recognition and time-based emergency care performance metrics for intracerebral hemorrhage. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2020 Feb;29(2):104552. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2019.104552..
Keywords: Stroke, Emergency Department, Provider Performance, Diagnostic Safety and Quality, Quality Improvement, Quality Indicators (QIs), Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Outcomes, Quality of Care, Evidence-Based Practice, Hospitals
Cramer JD, Patel UA, Maas MB
Is neck dissection associated with an increased risk of postoperative stroke?
The researchers investigated whether neck dissection is an independent risk factor for postoperative stroke. They found that the rate of postoperative stroke was greater with neck dissection than without it and concluded that stroke is a rare but highly morbid complication after head and neck surgery. Compared with other head and neck surgery, neck dissection in patients at risk for carotid artery stenosis is associated with an increased risk of postoperative stroke.
Citation: Cramer JD, Patel UA, Maas MB . Is neck dissection associated with an increased risk of postoperative stroke? Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2017 Aug;157(2):226-32. doi: 10.1177/0194599817698414.
Keywords: Orthopedics, Quality Improvement, Risk, Stroke, Surgery