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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
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Akingbade O, Peek ME, Tung EL. O, Peek ME, Tung EL
Network size or proximity? Association of network characteristics with violence-related stress and PTSD among racial/ethnic minorities in Chicago.
This research brief examined the association of network size compared to network size and proximity and the psychosocial health and PTSD rates among high-risk racial/ethnic minorities in two Chicago neighborhoods. A sample of 504 adults were surveyed from one South and one West side Chicago clinic in 2018. Only participants who self-reported lifetime exposure in the Brief Trauma Questionnaire to community violence were included, decreasing the sample size to 297. The majority of participants were female (69%) and non-Hispanic Black (75%). Two-thirds were direct victims of robbery or assault, and one-third tested positive for PTSD. Median number of network confidants was found to be 2. A larger network size (> 3 confidants) within 30 minutes from home was significantly associated with 67% lower adjusted odds of PTSD compared to those with no confidants within 30 minutes from home.
Citation: Akingbade O, Peek ME, Tung EL. O, Peek ME, Tung EL . Network size or proximity? Association of network characteristics with violence-related stress and PTSD among racial/ethnic minorities in Chicago. J Gen Intern Med 2022 Jan;37(1):255-57. doi: 10.1007/s11606-021-06607-w..
Keywords: Behavioral Health, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Stress, Domestic Violence