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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Eber MR, Sunstein CR, Hammitt JK
The modest effects of fact boxes on cancer screening.
Investigators explored the effects of providing participants using published fact boxes on the benefits and harms of common cancer screening procedures. They found that participants updated their beliefs about the net benefits of screening modestly, but they observed little change in participants’ stated preferences to seek screening. Those who scored higher on a numeracy test updated their beliefs about screening benefits more in response to the fact boxes than did participants who scored lower on the numeracy test.
Citation: Eber MR, Sunstein CR, Hammitt JK . The modest effects of fact boxes on cancer screening. J Risk Uncertain 2021 Feb;62(1):29-54. doi: 10.1007/s11166-021-09344-x..
Keywords: Cancer, Screening, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Health Literacy
Davis SN, Wischhusen JW, Sutton SK
Demographic and psychosocial factors associated with limited health literacy in a community-based sample of older Black Americans.
This study examined the frequency of limited health literacy and demographic and psychosocial factors associated with limited health literacy in a sample of older black Americans. The participants enrolled in a community-based intervention to promote colorectal cancer screening and completed baseline surveys that assessed their health literacy using the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine, Revised (REALM-R) test, CRC awareness, cancer fatalism, Preventive Health Model (PHM) constructs, and demographics. Findings showed that limited health literacy was associated with multiple complex factors. Recommendations include interventions to incorporate patient health literacy and low-literacy materials that can be delivered through multiple channels.
Citation: Davis SN, Wischhusen JW, Sutton SK . Demographic and psychosocial factors associated with limited health literacy in a community-based sample of older Black Americans. Patient Educ Couns 2020 Feb;103(2):385-91. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2019.08.026..
Keywords: Health Literacy, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Elderly, Screening, Cancer: Colorectal Cancer, Cancer, Prevention