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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Holding EZ, Turner EM, Hall TA
The association between functional status and health-related quality of life following discharge from the pediatric intensive care unit.
This study investigated the association between new functional impairments, measured by the Functional Status Scale (FSS), and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in pediatric patients with acquired brain injury (ABI) after critical care. This secondary analysis was conducted using children aged 2 months to 18 years with ABI. Complete data were analyzed for 195 children, including 127 with traumatic brain injury. New functional impairment was common with 32 patients experiencing FSS ≥ 3, 50 (26%) patients with FSS increases of 1-2 points, and 113 (58%) patients with no change from prehospital baseline. The majority of children (63%) demonstrated HRQOL ratings ≥ 1 standard deviation below healthy age-based standards.
Citation: Holding EZ, Turner EM, Hall TA . The association between functional status and health-related quality of life following discharge from the pediatric intensive care unit. Neurocrit Care 2021 Oct;35(2):347-57. doi: 10.1007/s12028-021-01271-8..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Quality of Life, Brain Injury, Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
Luther M, Poppert Cordts KM, Williams CN
Sleep disturbances after pediatric traumatic brain injury: a systematic review of prevalence, risk factors, and association with recovery.
This is a systematic review to quantify sleep wake disturbances (SWD) after pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). These SWD can place children at risk for worse outcomes since sleep is needed for brain development and healing after injury. They also evaluated interventions for SWD and the association between SWD and other post-traumatic outcomes. Literature was searched from 1999-2019 evaluating sleep or fatigue in children hospitalized for TBI. Two independent reviewers assessed quality of the studies using the Newcastle-Ottowa Score for observational studies. Out of 966 identified articles, 126 full text articles were reviewed and 24 studies were included. Studies showed at least 20% of children with TBI had some degree of SWD including trouble falling or staying asleep, fatigue, daytime fatigue, and nightmares. SWD was negatively correlated with cognitive, behavioral, and quality of life outcomes. There was moderate-high risk of bias for all studies due to small sample size and lack of validated or objective SWD measures.
Citation: Luther M, Poppert Cordts KM, Williams CN . Sleep disturbances after pediatric traumatic brain injury: a systematic review of prevalence, risk factors, and association with recovery. Sleep 2020 Oct;43(10):zsaa083. doi: 10.1093/sleep/zsaa083..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Sleep Problems, Brain Injury, Neurological Disorders, Trauma, Risk, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Outcomes, Quality of Life, Evidence-Based Practice
Bush RA, Beaumont JL, Liotta EM
Fever burden and health-related quality of life after intracerebral hemorrhage.
In this prospective observational cohort study, the investigators tested the hypothesis that increased burden of fever is independently associated with decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL) at follow-up. The authors found that each additional day with a fever was predictive of worse HRQoL domains of Cognitive Function and Mobility after intracerebral hemorrhage up to 1 year. They suggest that HRQoL outcomes may be a sensitive and powerful way to measure the efficacy of fever control in future research.
Citation: Bush RA, Beaumont JL, Liotta EM . Fever burden and health-related quality of life after intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care 2018 Mar 29;29(2):189-94. doi: 10.1007/s12028-018-0523-y..
Keywords: Brain Injury, Neurological Disorders, Outcomes, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Quality of Life