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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Berian JR, Paruch JL, Cohen ME
Does performance vary within the same hospital when separately examining different patient subgroups?
The researchers sought to determine whether performance differs within a given hospital for 6 contrasting patient subgroups and to identify the percentage of hospitals with greater than chance differences in performance. They found that overall quality differed for elderly vs nonelderly, renal insufficiency vs normal renal function patients, cancer vs noncancer, and emergency vs nonemergency. They concluded that quality programs can consider separate reports for these subgroups to identify opportunities for quality improvement.
Citation: Berian JR, Paruch JL, Cohen ME . Does performance vary within the same hospital when separately examining different patient subgroups? J Am Coll Surg 2016 May;222(5):790-97.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2016.01.057.
Keywords: Emergency Medical Services (EMS), Hospitals, Outcomes, Quality Improvement, Social Determinants of Health
Brady PW, Zix J, Brilli R
Developing and evaluating the success of a family activated medical emergency team: a quality improvement report.
The researchers aimed to develop a reliable process for family-activated medical emergency teams (METs) and to evaluate its effect on MET call rate and subsequent transfer to the intensive care unit (ICU). They found that children with family-activated METs were transferred to the ICU less commonly than those with clinician MET calls. Families, like clinicians, most commonly called MET for concerns of clinical deterioration; however, families also identified lack of response from clinicians and a dismissive interaction between team and family.
Citation: Brady PW, Zix J, Brilli R . Developing and evaluating the success of a family activated medical emergency team: a quality improvement report. BMJ Qual Saf 2015 Mar;24(3):203-11. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2014-003001.
Keywords: Communication, Emergency Medical Services (EMS), Hospitals, Children/Adolescents, Quality Improvement