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Research Studies is a compilation of published research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers.
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Daley CN, Cornet VP, Toscos TR
Naturalistic decision making in everyday self-care among older adults with heart failure.
The purpose of this study was to explore the role of everyday decision-making on disease outcome in a group of older adults living with heart failure. The researchers describe such decisions as events of naturalistic decision-making which are influenced by factors such as the involvement of others, older adults’ social and physical environments, high stakes of the decision, and shifting goals. The researchers recruited 24 older adults with heart failure and 14 of their support persons from an ambulatory cardiology center, and conducted a qualitative field study. The study utilized a naturalistic decision-making model and critical incident technique to analyze health-related everyday decision making and determine how individuals make everyday health-related decisions. The study found that for various decisions, the decision-making of White, male, older adults aligned with the three phases of a preliminary model of naturalistic decision making: monitoring, interpreting, and acting. The researchers also determined that: health decisions are made in a context of personal variables such as emotions, priorities, and values; other people can play important roles; and the performance of the phases can be affected by barriers and strategies. The study concluded that the findings contribute to an expanded model of naturalistic decision-making with implications for not only future research, but for the design of interventions.
Citation: Daley CN, Cornet VP, Toscos TR . Naturalistic decision making in everyday self-care among older adults with heart failure. J Cardiovasc Nurs 2022 Mar-Apr;37(2):167-76. doi: 10.1097/jcn.0000000000000778..
Keywords: Elderly, Patient Self-Management, Decision Making, Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions