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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Tandan M, Zimmerman S, Sloane PD
Which nursing home residents with pneumonia are managed on-site and which are hospitalized? Results from 2 years' surveillance in 14 US homes.
Pneumonia is a frequent cause of hospitalization among nursing home (NH) residents, but little information is available as to how clinical presentation and other characteristics relate to hospitalization, and the differential use of antimicrobials based on hospitalization status. This study examined how hospitalized and nonhospitalized NH residents with pneumonia differ. The investigators concluded that respiratory rate was associated with hospitalization but was not documented for more than a quarter of residents.
Citation: Tandan M, Zimmerman S, Sloane PD . Which nursing home residents with pneumonia are managed on-site and which are hospitalized? Results from 2 years' surveillance in 14 US homes. J Am Med Dir Assoc 2020 Dec;21(12):1862-68.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2020.07.028..
Keywords: Elderly, Nursing Homes, Pneumonia, Respiratory Conditions, Hospitalization
Nace DA, Archbald-Pannone LR, Ashraf MS
Pneumococcal vaccination guidance for post-acute and long-term care settings: recommendations from AMDA's infection advisory committee.
Sorting out the indications and timing for 13 pneumococcal serotypes and 23 pneumococcal serotypes administration is complex. The authors discuss the importance of pneumococcal vaccination for older adults, detail AMDA-The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine (The Society)'s recommendations for pneumococcal vaccination practice and procedures, and offer guidance to postacute and long-term care providers supporting the development and effective implementation of pneumococcal vaccine policies.
Citation: Nace DA, Archbald-Pannone LR, Ashraf MS . Pneumococcal vaccination guidance for post-acute and long-term care settings: recommendations from AMDA's infection advisory committee. J Am Med Dir Assoc 2017 Feb;18(2):99-104. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2016.11.010.
Keywords: Elderly, Guidelines, Nursing Homes, Pneumonia, Vaccination
Zimmerman S, Cohen LW, Scales K
Pneumonia identification using nursing home records.
The researchers compared three established strategies for defining pneumonia using records from 1,119 residents across 16 nursing homes. They found that recorded diagnosis of pneumonia is a highly sensitive and pragmatic method to ascertain pneumonia in nursing homes, and is recommended for use in quality improvement and research.
Citation: Zimmerman S, Cohen LW, Scales K . Pneumonia identification using nursing home records. Res Gerontol Nurs 2016 May 1;9(3):109-14. doi: 10.3928/19404921-20151218-01.
Keywords: Antibiotics, Elderly, Diagnostic Safety and Quality, Nursing Homes, Pneumonia