Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Khandelwal N, White L, Curtis JR
Health insurance and out-of-pocket costs in the last year of life among decedents utilizing the ICU.
The objective of this study was to estimate out-of-pocket costs in the last year of life for individuals who required intensive care in the months prior to death and to examine how these costs vary by insurance coverage. Results showed that, across all categories of insurance coverage, out-of-pocket spending in the last 12 months of life was high and represented a significant portion of assets for many patients requiring intensive care and their families. Medicare fee-for-service alone did not insulate individuals from the financial burden of high-intensity care. Medicaid was found to provide the most complete hospital coverage of all the insurance groups, as well as significantly financing long-term care.
Citation: Khandelwal N, White L, Curtis JR . Health insurance and out-of-pocket costs in the last year of life among decedents utilizing the ICU. Crit Care Med 2019 Jun;47(6):749-56. doi: 10.1097/ccm.0000000000003723..
Keywords: Critical Care, Elderly, Health Insurance, Healthcare Costs, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Medicaid, Medicare
Admon AJ, Wunsch H, Iwashyna TJ
Hospital contributions to variability in the use of ICUs among elderly Medicare recipients.
Hospitals vary widely in ICU admission rates across numerous medical diagnoses. In This retrospective cohort study examined the extent to which variability in ICU use is specific to individual diagnoses or is a function of the hospital, regardless of disease. The authors concluded that hospitals account for a significant proportion of variation independent of measured patient and hospital characteristics, suggesting the need for further work to evaluate the causes of variation at the hospital level and potential consequences of variation across hospitals.
Citation: Admon AJ, Wunsch H, Iwashyna TJ . Hospital contributions to variability in the use of ICUs among elderly Medicare recipients. Crit Care Med 2017 Jan;45(1):75-84. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000002025..
Keywords: Elderly, Hospitalization, Hospitals, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Medicare
Sjoding MW, Valley TS, Prescott HC
Rising billing for intermediate intensive care among hospitalized Medicare bbetween 1996 and 2010.
This study characterized trends in intermediate care use among U.S. hospitals. Only 8.2 percent of Medicare hospitalizations in 1996 were billed for intermediate care, but billing steadily increased to 22.8 percent by 2010, whereas the percentage billed for ICU care and ward-only care declined. Patients billed for intermediate care had more acute organ failures diagnoses codes compared with general ward patients.
Citation: Sjoding MW, Valley TS, Prescott HC . Rising billing for intermediate intensive care among hospitalized Medicare bbetween 1996 and 2010. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2016 Jan 15;193(2):163-70. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201506-1252OC.
Keywords: Payment, Hospitals, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Healthcare Costs, Medicare