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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 5 of 5 Research Studies Displayed
Do high-deductible health plans affect price paid for childbirth?
The purpose of this study was to test whether out-of-pocket costs and negotiated hospital prices for childbirth change after enrollment in high-deductible health plans (HDHPs) and whether price effects differ in markets with more hospitals. Administrative medical claims data from three large commercial insurers with plans in all U.S. states was provided by the Health Care Cost Institute. Findings showed that prices for childbirth in markets with more hospitals decreased after HDHP switch due to lower hospital prices for HDHPs relative to prices at those same hospitals for non-HDHPs.
Citation: Cliff BQ . Do high-deductible health plans affect price paid for childbirth? Health Serv Res 2022 Feb;57(1):27-36. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13702..
Keywords: Labor and Delivery, Health Insurance, Healthcare Costs, Women
Admon LK, Dalton VK, Kolenic GE
Comparison of delivery-related, early and late postpartum severe maternal morbidity among individuals with commercial insurance in the US, 2016 to 2017.
This study analyzed data from 2016 to 2017 on delivery-related, early, and late postpartum severe maternal morbidity (SMM) among individuals with commercial insurance by race and ethnicity and perinatal mood and anxiety disorder (PMAD) status. This cross-sectional study of deidentified claims data from the Optum Clinformatics Data Mart evaluated rates of SMM during 3 pregnancy periods among individuals aged 15 to 44 years. The study sample comprised of 100,982 individuals with a mean age of 31.6 years. SMM rates were compared for pregnancies with and without complications, with blood transfusions being the number one indicator for pregnancy and postpartum periods with SMM. Rates of SMM with and without blood transfusion varied by race and ethnicity and PMAD status. Higher rates of SMM were identified among Black individuals compared with White individuals for the pregnancy, early postpartum, and late postpartum periods, respectively. Higher rates of blood transfusion were also identified in each of the 3 periods among individuals with PMADs compared to individuals without PMADs.
Citation: Admon LK, Dalton VK, Kolenic GE . Comparison of delivery-related, early and late postpartum severe maternal morbidity among individuals with commercial insurance in the US, 2016 to 2017. JAMA Netw Open 2021 Dec;4(12):e2137716. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.37716..
Keywords: Labor and Delivery, Pregnancy, Maternal Care, Pregnancy, Health Insurance, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Anxiety
Henke RM, Karaca Z, Gibson TB
Medicaid Accountable Care Organizations and childbirth outcomes.
This study examined the impact of Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) to childbirth outcomes. States that use Medicaid ACOs were compared with states that had not adopted ACO. Using HCUP data, the relationship between Medicaid ACO adoption and neonatal and maternal outcomes, and cost per birth was examined. Medicaid ACO implementation was associated with a moderate reduction in hospital costs per birth and decreased cesarean section rates with results varying by state. There was no association with other birth outcomes, including infant inpatient mortality, low birthweight, neonatal intensive care unit utilization and severe maternal morbidity.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; 290201300002C.
Citation: Henke RM, Karaca Z, Gibson TB . Medicaid Accountable Care Organizations and childbirth outcomes. Med Care Res Rev 2020 Dec;77(6):559-73. doi: 10.1177/1077558718823132..
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Medicaid, Health Insurance, Healthcare Costs, Labor and Delivery, Pregnancy, Women, Outcomes
Henke RM, Wier LM, Marder WD
AHRQ Author: Friedman BS, Wong HS
Geographic variation in cesarean delivery in the United States by payer.
This study aimed (1) to determine whether the geographic variation in cesarean delivery rate is consistent for private insurance and Medicaid, and (2) to identify the patient, population, and market factors associated with cesarean rate and determine if these factors vary by payer. It concluded that factors associated with geographic variation in cesarean delivery, a frequent and high-resource inpatient procedure, vary somewhat by payer.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; 290200600009C.
Citation: Henke RM, Wier LM, Marder WD . Geographic variation in cesarean delivery in the United States by payer. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2014 Nov 19;14:387. doi: 10.1186/s12884-014-0387-x.
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Health Insurance, Labor and Delivery, Medicaid, Pregnancy
Dublin S, Johnson KE, Walker RL
Trends in elective labor induction for six United States health plans, 2001-2007.
The authors sought to describe trends in labor induction, including elective induction, from 2001 to 2007 for six U.S. health plans and to examine the validity of induction measures derived from birth certificate and health plan data. They found that induction prevalence rose from 28% in 2001 to 32% in 2005, then declined to 29% in 2007, with the trend being similar for subgroups by parity and gestational age. Elective induction prevalence varied considerably across plans.
Citation: Dublin S, Johnson KE, Walker RL . Trends in elective labor induction for six United States health plans, 2001-2007. J Womens Health 2014 Nov;23(11):904-11. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2014.4779.
Keywords: Centers for Education and Research on Therapeutics (CERTs), Health Insurance, Labor and Delivery, Pregnancy, Women