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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Sanchez JI, Shankaran V, Unger JM
Inequitable access to surveillance colonoscopy among Medicare beneficiaries with surgically resected colorectal cancer.
After colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery, surveillance with colonoscopy is an important step for the early detection of local recurrence. Unfortunately, surveillance colonoscopy is underused, especially among racial/ethnic minorities. This study assessed the association between patient and neighborhood factors and receipt of surveillance colonoscopy. The investigators concluded that receipt of initial surveillance colonoscopy remained low, and that there were acute disparities between Black and NHW patients.
Citation: Sanchez JI, Shankaran V, Unger JM . Inequitable access to surveillance colonoscopy among Medicare beneficiaries with surgically resected colorectal cancer. Cancer 2021 Feb;127(3):412-21. doi: 10.1002/cncr.33262..
Keywords: Colonoscopy, Cancer: Colorectal Cancer, Cancer, Access to Care, Screening, Prevention, Disparities, Medicare
Hassmiller Lich K, O'Leary MC, Nambiar S
Estimating the impact of insurance expansion on colorectal cancer and related costs in North Carolina: a population-level simulation analysis.
Researchers used microsimulation to estimate the health and financial effects of insurance expansion and reduction scenarios in North Carolina (NC) for colorectal cancer screening (CRC). The full lifetime of a simulated population of residents age-eligible for CRC screening (aged 50-75) during a 5-year period were simulated. Findings indicate that the estimated cost savings--balancing increased CRC screening/testing costs against decreased cancer treatment costs--were approximately $30 M and $970 M for Medicaid expansion and Medicare-for-all scenarios, respectively, compared to status quo. The researchers concluded that insurance expansion will likely improve CRC screening both overall and in underserved populations while saving money, with the largest savings realized by Medicare.
Citation: Hassmiller Lich K, O'Leary MC, Nambiar S . Estimating the impact of insurance expansion on colorectal cancer and related costs in North Carolina: a population-level simulation analysis. Prev Med 2019 Dec;129s:105847. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.105847..
Keywords: Health Insurance, Cancer: Colorectal Cancer, Cancer, Healthcare Costs, Screening, Prevention, Medicaid, Medicare, Policy, Access to Care
O'Leary MC, Lich KH, Gu Y
Colorectal cancer screening in newly insured Medicaid members: a review of concurrent federal and state policies.
The goal of this study was to determine the impact of national and state policies enacted to increase access to Medicaid and to promote colorectal cancer (CRC) screening on newly enrolled, age-eligible Oregon Medicaid beneficiaries. 2010 - 2015 Oregon Medicaid claims data was used to conduct a cohort analysis of enrollees who turned 50 and became age-eligible for CRC screening. Individuals newly enrolled in Medicaid in 2013 or 2014 were more likely to initiate CRC screening than those enrolled by 2010, associated with the timing of policies such as Medicaid expansion and federal matching for preventive services. A primary care visit during the calendar year, one or more chronic conditions, and Hispanic ethnicity were also associated with CRC screening initiation.
Citation: O'Leary MC, Lich KH, Gu Y . Colorectal cancer screening in newly insured Medicaid members: a review of concurrent federal and state policies. BMC Health Serv Res 2019 May 9;19(1):298. doi: 10.1186/s12913-019-4113-2..
Keywords: Access to Care, Cancer, Cancer: Colorectal Cancer, Medicaid, Policy, Prevention, Screening
Wheeler SB, Kuo TM, Goyal RK
Regional variation in colorectal cancer testing and geographic availability of care in a publicly insured population.
The researchers examined colorectal cancer (CRC) testing across regions of North Carolina by using population-based Medicare and Medicaid claims data from disabled individuals who turned 50 years of age during 2003-2008. They found that fewer than 50% of eligible individuals had evidence of CRC testing; men, African-Americans, Medicaid beneficiaries, and those living furthest away from endoscopy facilities had significantly lower odds of CRC testing, with significant regional variation.
Citation: Wheeler SB, Kuo TM, Goyal RK . Regional variation in colorectal cancer testing and geographic availability of care in a publicly insured population. Health Place 2014 Sep;29:114-23. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.07.001.
Keywords: Access to Care, Cancer: Colorectal Cancer, Disparities, Screening, Social Determinants of Health