195. Specific Populations and Other Topics (Continued)

Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update

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Evidence of effectiveness of tobacco dependence interventions in specific populations

Population of Smokers Review of Evidence
Medical comorbidities Tobacco use treatments have been shown to be effective among smokers with a variety of comorbid medical conditions. The comorbid conditions and effective interventions include:

  • Cardiovascular disease: psychosocial interventions; exercise; bupropion SR, but one study did not find significant long-term effects; nicotine patch, gum or inhaler.
  • Lung/COPD patients: intensive cessation counseling, intensive behavioral (relapse prevention) program combined with nicotine replacement therapy; bupropion SR; nortriptyline; nicotine patch or inhaler.
  • Cancer: counseling and medication; motivational counseling.

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Page last reviewed October 2014
Page originally created September 2012
Internet Citation: 195. Specific Populations and Other Topics (Continued). Content last reviewed October 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/clinicians-providers/guidelines-recommendations/tobacco/clinicians/presentations/2008update-full/slide195.html