Table 3. Summary of the Effect of Feedback from Screening on Rates of Diagnosis

Screening for Depression in Adults: Summary of the Evidence

The summaries of the evidence briefly present evidence of effectiveness for preventive health services used in primary care clinical settings, including screening tests, counseling, and chemoprevention. They summarize the more detailed Systematic Evidence Reviews, which are used by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) to make recommendations.
Author, Year (Reference) Participants with Diagnosis Absolute Difference (95% CI) P Value2
Intervention Group Control Group
% (n/n) percentage points
Johnstone and Goldberg, 1976 (14)3 NR NR NR NR
Moore et al., 1978 (15)3 56 (28/50) 22 (10/46) 34 (16.7 to 52) < 0.001
Linn and Yager, 1980 (16)4 29 (7/24) 8 (4/50) 21 (1 to 41)  
Zung and King, 1983 (17)5 NR NR NR NR
Magruder-Habib et al., 1990 (18)5 25 (12/48) 8 (4/52) 17 (3 to 32) 0.018
Callahan et al., 1994 (19)5 32 (32/100) 12 (9/75) 20 (8 to 32) 0.002
Callahan et al., 1996 (21)5 87 (111/128) 40 (38/94) 46 (35 to 58) 0.001
Dowrick, 1995 (20)3 35 (18/51) 21 (13/63) 15 (-2 to 31)  
Lewis et al., 1996 (22)3 NR NR NR NR
Reifler et al., 1996 (23) NR NR NR NR
Williams et al., 1999 (11)3 39 (30/77) 29 (11/38) 10 (-8 to 28) > 0.05
Katzelnick et al., 2000 (12) NR NR NR NR
Wells et al., 2000 (24)3 NR NR NR NR
Whooley et al., 2000 (25)3 35 (56/162) 34 (58/169) 1 (-9 to 10) > 0.2
Rost et al., 2001 (13) NR NR NR NR

1 All figures are rounded to nearest value. NR = not reported and cannot be calculated from available data.
2 P values were not always reported.
3 Denominator is patients who screened positive.
4 Denominator is all patients.
5 Denominator is patients who screened positive and were confirmed to have major depression on diagnostic interview.

Return to Document

Page last reviewed April 2013
Page originally created April 2013
Internet Citation: Table 3. Summary of the Effect of Feedback from Screening on Rates of Diagnosis. Content last reviewed April 2013. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. https://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/clinicians-providers/resources/depression/depsumtab3.html
Back To Top