SOPS Research Reference List

There is a growing body of literature on the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Surveys on Patient Safety Culture. The purpose of this research reference list is to provide citations for articles published on the AHRQ safety culture surveys.

If you have published a research study using one of the Surveys on Patient Safety Culture, please email the citation to SafetyCultureSurveys@westat.com.


This list of references is organized in the following categories:

Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture

Use of Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture

Analyses Linking Relationships Among Survey Composites and Hospital or Respondent Characteristics

Akbari N, Malek M, Ebrahimi P, et al. Safety culture in the maternity unit of hospitals in Ilam province, Iran: a census survey using HSOPSC tool. Pan Afr Med J 2017;27(268). doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.27.268.9776. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5660331. [Administered in Iran, used Persian version.]

Alimohammadzadeh K, Joladi SE, Olya M, et al. A comparative study on effective factors in patient safety culture from the nursing staff points of view. J Health Manage Inform 2016;4(2):57-61.http://jhmi.sums.ac.ir/index.php/JHMI/article/view/372. [Administered in Iran, used Farsi version.]

Ammouri AA, Tailakh AK, Muliira JK, et al. Patient safety culture among nurses. Int Nurs Rev 2014;62(1):102-10. [Administered in Oman, used English version.] PMID:25495946.

Armellino D, Quinn Griffin MT, et al. Structural empowerment and patient safety culture among registered nurses working in adult critical care units. J Nurs Manage 2010;18:796-803.

Boan DM, Nadzam D, Clapp JR. The impact of variance in perception of the organization on capacity to improve in hospital work groups. Group Dyn 2012; 16(3): 206-217.

Boussat B, Kamalanavin K, Francois P. The contribution of open comments to understanding the results from the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS): a qualitative study. PLoS One 2018;13(4). [Administered in France, used French translation].

Bowman C, Neeman N, Sehgal NL. Enculturation of unsafe attitudes and behaviors: student perceptions of safety culture. Acad Med 2013; 88:1-9.

Brborović H, Brborović O. Patient safety culture shapes presenteeism and absenteeism: a cross-sectional study among Croatian healthcare workers. Arch Industr Hygiene Toxicol 2017;68(3):185-9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28976879.

Brown DS, Wolosin R. Safety culture relationships with hospital nurse sensitive metrics. J Healthcare Qual July/Aug 2013;35(4):61-74.

Bump GM, Calabria J, Gosman G, et al. Evaluating the clinical learning environment: resident and fellow perceptions of patient safety culture. J Grad Med Educ 2015;7(1):109-12. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4507899/.

Campbell EG, Singer S, Kitch BT, et al. Patient safety climate in hospitals: act locally on variation across units. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2010;36(7):319-26.

Danielsson M, Nilsen P, Rutberg H, et al. A national study of patient safety culture in hospitals in Sweden. J Patient Saf 2017 Feb 24.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28234728. [Epub ahead of print] [Administered in Sweden, used Swedish translation.]

Ford EW, Pettit L, Silvera G, et al. EMR implementation speed: patient safety culture paradox. J Healthc Inf Manag 2014;28(3): 24-31. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/276276898_EMR_Implementation_Speed_Patient_Safety_Culture_Paradox.

Ford EW, Silvera GA, Kazley AS, et al. Assessing the relationship between patient safety culture and EHR strategy. Int J Health Care Qual Assur 2016;29(6). doi: 10.1108/IJHCQA-10-2015-0125.

Fujita S, Seto K, Kitazawa T, et al. Characteristics of unit-level patient safety culture in hospitals in Japan: a cross-sectional study. BMC Health Serv Res 2014;14:508. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/14/508/abstract. [Administered in Japan, used Japanese translation.]

Halbesleben JR, Wakefield BJ, Wakefield DS, et al. Nurse burnout and patient safety outcomes: nurse safety perception versus reporting behavior. West J Nurs Res 2008;30(5):560-77.

Hannah KL, Schade CP, Lomely DR, et al. Hospital administrative staff vs. nursing staff responses to the AHRQ Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture. In: Henriksen K, Battles JB, Keyes MA, et al., eds. Advances in Patient Safety: New Directions and Alternative Approaches. Vol. 2: Culture and Redesign. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2008. AHRQ Publication No. 08-0034-2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK43704/.

Huerta TR, Silvera GA, Pettit L, et al. EMR implementation speed: patient safety culture paradox, part 2. J Healthc Inf Manag 2014;28(4):40-5. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/276276610_EMR_Implementation_Speed_Patient_Safety_Culture_Paradox_Part_2.

Jasti H, Sheth H, Verrico M, et al. Assessing patient safety culture of internal medicine house staff in an academic teaching hospital. J Grad Med Educ 2009 Sep;1(1):139-45.

Ko Y, Yu S. The relationships among perceived patients' safety culture, intention to report errors, and leader coaching behavior of nurses in Korea: a pilot study. J Patient Saf 2017;13(3):175-83. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26101999. [Administered in South Korea.]

Lee S, Phan PH, Dorman T, et al. Handoffs, safety culture, and practices: evidence from the hospital survey on patient safety culture. BMC Health Services Research 2016; 16(254) doi: 10.1186/s12913-016-1502-7. http://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12913-016-15....

Leong P, Afrow J, Weber HP, et al. Attitudes toward patient safety standards in U.S. dental schools: a pilot study. J Dent Educ 2008;72(4):431-7. http://www.jdentaled.org/content/72/4/431.long

Moody RF, Pesut DJ, Harrington CF. Creating safety culture on nursing units: human performance and organizational system factors that make a difference. J Patient Saf 2006;2:198-206.

Patterson ME, Bogart MS, Starr KR. Associations between perceived crisis mode work climate and poor information exchange within hospitals. J Hosp Med 2015;10(3):152-9.

Patterson ME, Pace HA, Fincham JE. Associations between communication climate and the frequency of medical error reporting among pharmacists within an inpatient setting. J Patient Saf 2013; 9: 129-133.

Patterson ME, Pace HA. A cross-sectional analysis investigating organizational factors that influence near-miss error reporting among hospital pharmacists. J Patient Saf Epub 2014 Aug 12.

Pimentel MPT, Choi S, Fiumara K, et al. Safety culture in the operating room: variability among perioperative healthcare workers. J Patient Saf 2017 Jun 1 {Epub ahead of print]

Queenan CC, Kull TJ, Devaraj S. Complements or substitutes? Culture-technology interactions in healthcare. Decision Sciences Institute; Epub 2016 Jan 14.

Raeissi P, Reisi N, Nasiripour AA. Assessment of patient safety culture in Iranian academic hospitals: strengths and weaknesses. J Patient Saf 2018;14(4). https://oce.ovid.com/article/01209203-201812000-00005/HTML. [Administered in Iran.]

Ramos RR, Calidgid CC. Patient safety culture among nurses at a tertiary government hospital in the Philippines. Appl Nurs Res 2018;44:67-75. [Administered in Philippines, used English version.]

Richter J, Mazurenko O, Kazley A, et al. How differences between manager and clinician perceptions of safety culture impact hospital processes of care. J Patient Saf 2017 Nov 4. [Epub ahead of print]

Richter JP, McAlearney AS, Pennell ML. Evaluating the effect of safety culture on error reporting: a comparison of managerial and staff perspectives. Am J Med Qual Epub 2014 Jul 28.

Richter JP, McAlearney AS, Pennell ML. The influence of organizational factors on patient safety: Examining successful handoffs in health care. Health Care Manage Rev Epub 2014 Jul 15.

Scherer D, Fitzpatrick JJ. Perceptions of patient safety culture among physicians and RNs in the perioperative area. AORN J 2008;87:163-75.

Vogelsmeier A, Scott-Cawiezell J, Miller B, et al. Influencing leadership perceptions of patient safety through just culture training. J Nurs Care Qual 2010;25(4):288-94.

Top of Page

Improving Patient Safety Culture

Adams-Pizarro I, Walker Z, Robinson J, et al. Using the AHRQ Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture as an intervention tool for regional clinical improvement collaboratives. In: Henriksen K, Battles JB, Keyes MA, et al., eds. Advances in Patient Safety: New Directions and Alternative Approaches. Vol. 2: Culture and Redesign. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2008. AHRQ Publication No. 08-0034-2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK43728/.

Amiri M, Khademian Z, Nikandish R. The effect of nurse empowerment educational program on patient safety culture: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Med Educ 2018;18:158. doi: 10.1186/s12909-018-1255-6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6029022/.

Blegen MA, Sehgal NL, Alldredge BK, et al. Improving safety culture on adult medical units through multidisciplinary teamwork and communication interventions: the TOPS Project. Qual Saf Health Care 2010;19:346-50.

Boussat, B., Seigneurin, A, Giai, J., et al. Involvement in root cause analysis and patient safety culture among hospital care providers. J Patient Saf 2017 Dec 17 [Epub ahead of print]. [Administered in France, used French translation].

Burlison JD, Quillivan RR, Kath LM, et al. A multilevel analysis of U.S. hospital patient safety culture relationships with perceptions of voluntary event reporting. J Patient Saf 2016 Nov 3. [Epub ahead of print] doi:10.1097/PTS.0000000000000336.

Burström L, Letterstål A, Engström M-L, et al. The patient safety culture as perceived by staff at two different emergency departments before and after introducing a flow-oriented working model with team triage and lean principles: a repeated cross-sectional study. BMC Health Serv Res 2014;14:296. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4105242/pdf/1472-6963-14-296.pdf. [Administered in Sweden, used Swedish translation.]

Campione J, Famolaro T. Promising practices for improving hospital patient safety culture. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2018;44:23-32. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29290243.

Chera BS, Mazur L, Jackson M, et al. Quantification of the impact of multifaceted initiatives intended to improve operational efficiency and the safety culture: a case study from an academic medical center radiation oncology department. Pract Radiat Oncol 2014;4(2):e101-8.

Donahue M, Miller M, Smith L, et al. A leadership initiative to improve communication and enhance safety. Am J Med Qual 2011;26(3):206-11. doi: 10.1177/1062860610387410. Epub 2011 Jan 11.

Donnelly LF, Dickerson JM, Goodfriend MA, Muething SE. Improving patient safety: effects of a safety program on performance and culture in a department of radiology. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2009;193(1):165-71. doi: 10.2214/AJR.08.2086.

DuPree E, Anderson R, McEvoy MD, et al. Professionalism: a necessary ingredient in a culture of safety. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2011;37(1):447-55.

Edwards PJ, Scott T, Richardson P, et al. Using staff perceptions on patient safety as a tool for improving safety culture in a pediatric hospital system. J Patient Saf 2008;4(2):113-8.

Gore DC, Powell JM, Baer JG, Sexton KH, et al. Crew resource management improved perception of patient safety in the operating room. Am J Med Qual 2010; 25(1):60-63. DOI: 10.1177/1062860609351236. Epub 2009 Dec 4.

Hayes LW, Dobyns EL, DiGiovine B, et al. A multicenter collaborative approach to reducing pediatric codes outside the ICU. Pediatrics 2012;129(3):e785-91. doi: 10.1542/peds.2011-0227. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/129/3/e785.full.pdf+html

Hefner JL, Hilligoss B, Knupp A, et al. Cultural transformation after implementation of a crew resource management: is It really possible? Am J Med Qual 2016 Jul 15 [Epub ahead of print] PMID:27422314.

Jones F, Podila P, Powers C. Creating a culture of safety in the emergency department: the value of teamwork training. J Nurs Admin 2013; 43(4):194–200. doi: 10.1097/NNA.0b013e31828958cd.

Jones KJ, Skinner A, High R, Reiter-Palmon R. A theory-driven, longitudinal evaluation of the impact of team training on safety culture in 24 hospitals. BMJ Qual Saf 2013; 0:1–11. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2012-000939.

Jones KJ, Skinner A, Xu L, et al. The AHRQ Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture: A tool to plan and evaluate patient safety programs. In: Henriksen K, Battles JB, Keyes MA, et al., eds. Advances in Patient Safety: New Directions and Alternative Approaches. Vol. 2: Culture and Redesign. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2008. AHRQ Publication No. 08-0034-2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK43699/.

Klingner J, Moscovice I, Tupper J, et al. Implementing patient safety initiatives in rural hospitals. J Rural Health 2009;25(4):352-7.

Mallouli M, Ayoub Tlili M, Aouicha W, et al. Assessing patient safety culture in Tunisian operating rooms: a multicenter study. Int J Qual Healthcare 2017 Jan 9. doi: 10.1093/intqhc/mzw157 [Epub ahead of print]. [Administered in Tunisia, used French translation.]

Mayer CM, Cluff L, Lin W, et al. Evaluating efforts to optimize TeamSTEPPS implementation in surgical and pediatric intensive care units. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2011;37(8):365-74.

McMullan SP, Thomas-Hawkins C, Shirey MR. Certified registered nurse anesthetist perceptions of factors impacting patient safety. Nurs Admin Q 2017 Jan/Mar;41(1):56-69. doi: 10.1097/NAQ.0000000000000204.

Muething SE, Goudie A, Schoettker PJ, Donnelly LF, et al.  Quality improvement initiative to reduce serious safety events and improve patient safety culture. Pediatrics 2012;130(2):e423-31. doi: 10.1542/peds.2011-3566. Epub 2012 Jul 16.

Murphy T, Laptook A, Bender J. Sustained improvement in neonatal intensive care unit safety attitudes after teamwork training. J Patient Saf 2015 Apr 23. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25909825. [Epub ahead of print]

Sine DM, Northcutt N. Interactive qualitative assessment of patient safety culture survey scores. J Patient Saf 2008;4(2):78-83.

Szekendi MK, Barnard C, Creamer J, et al. (2010). Using patient safety morbidity and mortality conferences to promote transparency and a culture of safety. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2010;36(1):3-9.

Thomas L, Galla C. Building a culture of safety through team training and engagement. BMJ Qual Saf 2013;22:425-434. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2012-001011.

Thorp J, Waheed B, Witters D, et al. Workplace engagement and workers' compensation claims as predictors for patient safety culture. J Patient Saf 2012;8(4):194-201. DOI: 10.1097/PTS.0b013e3182699942.

Tupper J, Coburn, A, Loux S, et al. Strategies for improving patient safety in small rural hospitals. In: Henriksen K, Battles JB, Keyes MA, et al., eds. Advances in Patient Safety: New Directions and Alternative Approaches. Vol. 2: Culture and Redesign. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2008. AHRQ Publication No. 08-0034-2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK43729/.

Velji K, Baker GR, Fancott C, et al. Effectiveness of an adapted SBAR communication tool for a rehabilitation setting. Healthc Q 2008;11(3 Spec No.):72-79. http://www.longwoods.com/content/19653.

Weaver SJ, Rosen MA, DiazGranados D, Lazzara EH, et al. Does teamwork improve performance in the operating room? A multilevel evaluation. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2010;36(3): 133-42.

Woodhouse, KD, Volz E, Bellerive M, et al. The implementation and assessment of a quality and safety culture education program in a large radiation oncology department. Pract Radiat Oncol 2016 Jul-Aug;6(4):e127-34. doi: 10.1016/j.prro.2015.11.011. Epub 2015 Nov 17.  http://www.practicalradonc.org/article/S1879-8500(15)00410-5/abstract.

Woodhouse KD, Volz E, Maity A, et al. ReCAP: Journey toward high reliability: a comprehensive safety program to improve quality of care and safety culture in a large, multisite radiation oncology department. J Oncol Pract 2016 May;12(5):e603-12. Epub 2016 Mar 29. PMID:27026647.

Zwijnenberg NC, Hendriks M, Hoogervorst-Schilp J, Healthcare professionals’ views on feedback of a patient safety culture assessment. BMC Health Serv Res 2016;16(199). http://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12913-016-14....

Top of Page

Psychometric Analyses—U.S.

Blegen MA, Gearhart S, O'Brien R, et al. (2009) AHRQ's Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture: psychometric analyses. J Patient Saf 2009;5(3):139-44.

Cox ED, Carayon P, Hansen KW, et al. Parent perceptions of children's hospital safety climate. Qual Saf Health Care 2013;00:1–8. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2012-001727.

Sorra JS, Dyer N. Multilevel psychometric properties of the AHRQ Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture. BMC Health Serv Res 2010 Jul 8;10:199. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/10/199.

Top of Page

Psychometric Analyses—International

Al-Nawafleh A, Abu-Helalah MA, Hill V, et al. Patient safety culture in Jordanian hospitals. Health Sci J 2016;10(5):1-6. http://www.hsj.gr/medicine/patient-safety-culture-in-jordanian-hospitals.php?aid=11306. [Administered in Jordan, used Arabic translation.]

Bagnasco A, Tibaldi L, Chirone P, et al. Patient safety culture: an Italian experience. J Clin Nurs 2011;20:1188-95. [Administered in Italy, used Italian translation.]

Bodur S, Filiz E. Validity and reliability of Turkish version of "Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture" and perception of patient safety in public hospitals in Turkey. BMC Health Serv Res 2010 Jan 28;10:28. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/10/28. [Administered in Turkey, used Turkish translation.]

Boussat B, Francois P, Gandon G, et al. Inconsistencies between two cross-cultural adaptations of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture into French. J Patient Saf 2017 Nov 15. http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/29140887. [Epub ahead of print] [Administered in France, used French translations.]

Brajshori N, Behrens J. Translation, cultural adaption and validation of hospital survey on patient safety culture in Kosovo. Open J Nurs 2016;6:483-90.  https://www.researchgate.net/publication/304065121_Translation_Cultural_Adaption_and_Validation_of_Hospital_Survey_on_Patient_Safety_Culture_in_Kosovo. [Administered in Kosovo, used Albanian translation.]

Eiras M, Escoval A, Grillo IM, et al. The hospital survey on patient safety culture in Portuguese hospitals: instrument validity and reliability. Int J Health Care Qual Assur; 2014;27(2):111-22. [Administered in Portugal, used Portuguese translation]

Giai J, Boussat B, Occelli P, et al. Hospital survey on patient safety culture (HSOPS): variability of scoring strategies. Int J Qual Health Care 2017 Oct 1;29(5):685-92. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28992144. [Administered in France, used French translation.]

Hammer A, Ernstmann N, Ommen O, et al. Psychometric properties of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture for hospital management (HSOPS_M). BMC Health Serv Res 2011;11:165. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/11/165. [Administered in Germany, used Swiss-German translation.]

Haugen AS, Søfteland E, Eide GE, Nortvedt MW, et al. Patient safety in surgical environments: Cross-countries comparison of psychometric properties and results of the Norwegian version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety. BMC Health Serv 2010; 10: 279. [Administered in Norway, used Norwegian translation.]

Haugen AS, Søfteland E, Eide GE, Sevdalis N, et al. Impact of the World Health Organization's surgical safety checklist on safety culture in the operating theatre: a controlled intervention study. Br J Anesth 2013; 110(5):087-15. [Administered in Norway, used Norwegian translation.]

Hedsköld M, Pukk-Härenstam K, Berg E, Lindh M, et al. Psychometric properties of the hospital survey on patient safety culture, HSOPC, applied on a large Swedish health care sample. BMC Health Serv Res 2013, 13:332 doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-332. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/13/332. [Administered in Sweden, used Swedish translation.]

Hellings J, Schrooten W, Klazinga N, et al. (2007). Challenging patient safety culture: survey results. Int J Health Care Qual Assur 2007;20(7):620-32. [Administered in Belgium, used Dutch translation.]

Ito S, Seto K, Kigawa M, et al. Development and applicability of Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS) in Japan. BMC Health Serv Res 2011;11:28. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-11-28. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/11/28. [Administered in Japan, used Japanese translation.]

Najjar S, Hamdan M, Baillien E, et al. The Arabic version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture: psychometric evaluation in a Palestinian sample. BMC Health Serv Res 2013; 13:193. doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-13-193. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/13/193. [Administered in Palestine, used Arabic translation.]

Nie Y, Mao X, Cui H, He S, et al. Hospital survey on patient safety culture in China. BMC Health Serv Res 2013; 13:228.  http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/13/228. [Administered in China, used Chinese translation.]

Nordin A, Wilde-Larson B, Nordström G, Swedish hospital survey on patient safety culture-psychometric properties and health care staff’s perception. Open J Nurs 2013;3:41-50. [Administered in Sweden, used Swedish translation.]  http://file.scirp.org/pdf/OJN_2013123010322172.pdf.

Occelli P, J-L. Quenon J-L, Kret M, et al. Validation of the French version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire. Int J Qual Health Care. doi: 10.1093/intqhc/mzt047. Epub 2013 July 5. [Administered in France, used French translation.]

Olsen E. Exploring the possibility of a common structural model measuring associations between safety climate factors and safety behaviour in health care and the petroleum sectors. Accid Anal Prev 2010;42(5):1507-16. [Administered in Norway, used Norwegian translation.]

Olsen E. Reliability and validity of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture at a Norwegian hospital. In Øvretveit J and Sousa P, eds. Quality and Safety Improvement Research: Methods and Research Practice from the International Quality Improvement Research Network. Lisbon: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública; 2008. p. 173-86. [Administered in Norway, used Norwegian translation.]

Perneger TV, Staines A, Kundig F. Internal consistency, factor structure and construct validity of the French version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture. BMJ Qual Saf 2013;0:1-9. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2013-002024. [Administered in Switzerland, used French translation].

Pfeiffer Y, Manser T. Development of the German version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture: dimensionality and psychometric properties. Saf Sci 2010;48:1452-62. [Administered in Switzerland, used German translation.]

Reis CT, Laguardia J, Godoi Vasconcelos AG, et al. Reliability and validity of the Brazilian version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC): a pilot study. Cad Saude Publica 2016;32(11):1-13. http://www.scielo.br/pdf/csp/v32n11/1678-4464-csp-32-11-e00115614.pdf. [Administered in Brazil, used Portuguese translation.]

Robida A. Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture in Slovenia: a psychometric evaluation. Int J Qual Health Care 2013; 1–7. [Administered in Slovenia, used Slovene translation.]

Sarac C, Flin R, Mearns K, et al. Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture: psychometric analysis on a Scottish sample. BMJ Qual Saf 2011;20(10):842-8. [Administered in Scotland, used English version.]

Smits M, Christiaans-Dingelhoff I, Wagner C, et al. The psychometric properties of the "Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture" in Dutch hospitals. BMC Health Serv Res 2008 Nov 7;8:230. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/8/230. [Administered in the Netherlands, used Dutch translation.]

Smits M, Wagner C, Spreeuwenberg P, et al. Measuring patient safety culture: an assessment of the clustering of responses at unit level and hospital level. Qual Saf Health Care 2009;18(4):292-96. [Administered in the Netherlands, used Dutch translation.]

Sorskar LIK, Abrahamsen EB, Olsen E, et al. Psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the hospital survey on patient safety culture in a prehospital environment. BMC Health Serv Res 2018;18(784). https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s12913-018-... [Administered in Norway, used Norwegian translation.]

Stoyanova R, Dimova R, Tamovska M, et al. Linguistic validation and cultural adaptation of Bulgarian version of Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC). Maced J Med Sci 2018;6(5): 925-930. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5985869/. [Administered in Bulgaria, used Bulgarian translation.]

Tereanu C, Smith SC, Ghelase MS, et al. Psychometric properties of the Romanian version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS). Maedica (Buchar) 2018;13(1):34-43. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5972785/pdf/maedica-13-34.pdf. [Administered in Romania, used Romanian translation.]

Vlayen A, Hellings J, Claes N, et al. Measuring safety culture in Belgian psychiatric hospitals: validation of the Dutch and French translations of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture. J Psychiatr Pract 2015;21(2):124-39. [Administered in Belgium, used Dutch and French translations.]

Waterson P, Griffiths P, Stride C, et al. Psychometric properties of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture: findings from the UK. Qual Saf Health Care 2010;19(5):e2. [Administered in the United Kingdom, used English version.]

Top of Page

Analyses Linking the Survey to Outcomes

AbuAlRub RF, Abu Alhijaa EH. The impact of educational interventions on enhancing perceptions of patient safety culture among Jordanian senior nurses. Nurs Forum 2014 Apr-Jun;49(2):139-50. [Administered in Jordan, used Arabic translation.]

Birkmeyer NJ, Finks JF, Greenberg CK, et al. Safety culture and complications after bariatric surgery. Ann Surg 2013;257(2):260-5. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e31826c0085.

Cho SM, Choi J. Patient safety culture associated with patient safety competencies among registered nurses. J Nurs Scholarsh 2018;50(5):549-57. doi:10.1111/jnu.12413. [Administered in South Korea, used Korean translation.]

DiCuccio MH. The relationship between patient safety culture and patient outcomes: A systematic review. J Patient Saf 2014;22(1): 11-18. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2011-000582.

Fan CJ, Pawlik TM, Daniels T, et al. Association of safety culture with surgical site infection outcomes. J Am Coll Surg 2015 Dec 9. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2015.11.008. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1072751515017007.

The Health Foundation. Research scan: does improving safety culture affect patient outcomes? 2011.  http://www.health.org.uk/sites/health/files/DoesImprovingSafetyCultureAffectPatientOutcomes.pdf.

Hessels AJ, Genovese-Schek V, Agarwal M, et al. Relationship between patient safety climate and adherence to standard precautions. Am J Infect Control 2016;44(10):1128-32.

Hook JN, Boan D, Davis, DE, et al. Cultural humility and hospital safety culture. J Clin Psychol Med Settings 2016 Dec;23(4):402-9.

Lee SE, Scott LD, Dahinten VS, et al. Safety culture, patient safety, and quality of care outcomes: a literature review. West J Nurs Res 2017 Dec 1. [Epub ahead of print]

Lee SH, Phan PH, Dorman T, et al. Handoffs, safety culture, and practices: evidence from the hospital survey on patient safety culture. BMC Health Serv Res 2016;16(254). doi: 10.1186/s12913-016-1502-7. https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s12913-016-....

Lin DM, Carson KA, Lubomski LH, et al. Statewide collaborative to reduce surgical site infection: Results of the Hawaii Surgical Unit-based Safety Program. J Am Coll Surg 2018;227(2):189-97.doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2018.04.031.

Mardon RE, Khanna K, Sorra J, et al. Exploring relationships between hospital patient safety culture and adverse events. J Patient Saf 2010;6(4):226-32.

Mazurenko O, Richter J, Swanson-Kazley A, et al. Examination of the relationship between management and clinician agreement on communication openness, teamwork, and patient satisfaction in the U.S. hospitals. J Hosp Admin 2016;5(4):20-7. : http://www.sciedu.ca/journal/index.php/jha/article/view/8925.

Mazurenko O, Richter J, Kazley AS, et al. Examination of the relationship between management and clinician perception of patient safety climate and patient satisfaction. Health Care Manage Rev 2017 Apr 25. [Epub ahead of print]

Meddings J, Reichert H, Greene MT, et al. Evaluation of the association between Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS) measures and catheter-associated infections: results of two national collaboratives. BMJ Qual Saf 2017;26:226-35.  http://qualitysafety.bmj.com/content/qhc/26/3/226.full.pdf.

  • [Response]: Campione JR, Yount ND, Sorra J. Questions regarding the authors’ conclusions about the lack of change in Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS) scores related to reduction of hospital-acquired infections. BMJ Qual Saf 2017 Sep 26. [Epub ahead of print]

Najjar S, Baillien E, Vanhaecht K, et al. Similarities and differences in the associations between patient safety culture dimensions and self-reported outcomes in two different cultural settings: a national cross-sectional study in Palestinian and Belgian hospitals. BMJ Open 2018;8: doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-021504. https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/bmjopen/8/7/e021504.full.pdf. [Administered in Palestine and Belgium, used Dutch and French translations.]

Quillivan RR, Burlison JD, Browne EK, et al. Patient safety culture and the second victim phenomenon: connecting culture to staff distress in nurses. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2016;42(8):377-86.

Richter JP, McAlearney AS. Targeted implementation of the Comprehensive Unit- Based Safety Program through an assessment of safety culture to minimize central line-associated bloodstream infections. Health Care Manage Rev 2016 Aug 15. [Epub ahead of print]

Shahian DM, Liu X, Rossi LP, et al. Safety culture and mortality after acute myocardial infarction: a study of Medicare beneficiaries at 171 hospitals. Health Serv Res 2017 Oct 9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28994106. [Epub ahead of print]

Smith SA, Yount N, Sorra J. Exploring relationships between hospital patient safety culture and Consumer Reports safety scores. BMC Health Serv Res 2017 Feb 16;17(1):143. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28209151.

Smits M, Wagner C, Spreeuwenberg P, et al. The role of patient safety culture in the causation of unintended events in hospitals. J Clin Nurs 2012;21(23-24):3392-401. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2012.04261.x. [Administered in Netherlands, used Dutch translation.]

Sorra J, Khanna K, Dyer N, et al. Exploring relationships between patient safety culture and patients' assessments of hospital care. J Patient Saf 2012; Sep; 8(3):131-9.

Thorp J, Waheed B, Witters D, et al. Workplace engagement and workers' compensation claims as predictors for patient safety culture. J Patient Saf 2012;8(4): 194–201. DOI: 10.1097/PTS.0b013e3182699942.

Wang X, Liu K, You L, et al. The relationship between patient safety culture and adverse events: a questionnaire survey. Int J Nurs Stud 2014;51(8):1114-22. [Administered in China, used Chinese translation.]

Weaver SJ, Weeks K, Pham JC, et al. On the CUSP: Stop BSI: Evaluating the relationship between central line-associated bloodstream infection rate and patient safety climate profile. Am J Infect Contr 2014;(42):S203-8.

Cross-reference to citation previously listed:

Top of Page

International

Africa

Cross-reference to citation previously listed:

Asia

Amarapathy M, Sridharan S, Perera R, Handa Y. Factors affecting patient safety culture in a tertiary care hospital in Sri Lanka. Int J Sci & Tech Res 2013; 2(3): 173-80. [Administered in Sri Lanka]

Chen C, Ng H, Li H. A multilevel model of patient safety culture: cross-level relationship between organizational culture and patient safety behavior in Taiwan's hospitals. Int J Health Plann Mgmt 2012;27:e65-e82. [Administered in Taiwan, used Chinese translation.]

Chen IC, Li HH. Measuring patient safety culture in Taiwan using the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSurvey on Patient Safety CultureC). BMC Health Serv Res 2010 Jun 7;10:152. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/10/152/. [Administered in Taiwan, used Chinese translation.]

Feng XQ, Acord L, Cheng YJ, et al. The relationship between management safety commitment and patient safety culture. Int Nurs Rev 2011 Jun;58(2):249-54. [Administered in China, used Chinese translation.]

Fujita S, Seto K, Ito S, Wu Y, et al. The characteristics of patient safety culture in Japan, Taiwan and the United States. BMC Health Serv Res 2013, 13:20. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/13/20. [Administered in Japan, used Japanese translation.]

Kim J, An K, Kim MK, et al. Nurses' perceptions of error reporting and patient safety culture in Korea. West J Nurs Res 2007;29(7):827-44. [Administered in Korea, used Korean translation.]

Ling L, Gomersall C, Samy W, et al. The effect of a freely available flipped classroom course on health care worker patient safety culture: a prospective controlled study. J Med Internet Res 2016 Jul 5;18(7):e180. [Administered in Hong Kong, used Chinese translation.]  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4951630/.

Liu C, Liu W, Wang Y, et al. Patient safety culture in China: a case study in an outpatient setting in Beijing. BMJ Qual Saf 2014;23:556–564. http://qualitysafety.bmj.com/content/23/7/556.full.pdf+html. [Administered in China, used Chinese translation]

Zhu J, Li L, Li Y, et al. What constitutes patient safety culture in Chinese hospitals? Int J Qual Health Care 2012 Mar;29:1-8. [Administered in China, used Chinese translation.]

Zhu J, Li L, Zhao H, et al. Development of a patient safety climate survey for Chinese hospitals: cross-national adaptation and psychometric evaluation. BMJ Qual Saf 2014;23:847-56. [Administered in China, used Chinese translation.]

Cross-reference to citation previously listed:

Top of Page

Australia and New Zealand

Robb G, Seddon M. Measuring the safety culture in a hospital setting: a concept whose time has come? N Z Med J 2010;123(1314):68-78. [Administered in New Zealand, used English version.]

Top of Page

Canada

Andreoli A, Fancott C, Velji K, et al. Using SBAR to communicate falls risk and management in interprofessional rehabilitation teams. Healthc Q 2010 Sep;13 Spec No:94-101. [Administered in Canada, used English version.]

Chevalier BA, Parker DS, MacKinnon NJ, et al. Nurses' perceptions of medication safety and medication reconciliation practices. Nurs Leadersh 2006;19(3):61-72. [Administered in Canada, used English version.]

Dodek PM, Wong H, Heyland DK, et al. The relationship between organizational culture and family satisfaction in critical care. Crit Care Med 2012;40(5):1506-12. [Administered in Canada, used English version.]

Top of Page

Europe

Aase K, Høyland S, Olsen E, et al. Patient safety challenges in a case study hospital—of relevance for transfusion processes? Transfus Apher Sci 2008;39(2):167-72. [Administered in Norway, used Norwegian translation.]

Ahmed NG, Adam SM, Al Moniem IIA. Patient safety: assessing nurses' perception and developing an improvement plan. Life Sci J 2011;8(2):53-64. [Administered in Egypt, used Arabic translation.]

Agnew C, Flin R, Mearns K. Patient safety climate and worker safety behaviours in acute hospitals in Scotland. J Safety Res 2013; 45:95–101. [Administered in Scotland, used English version.]

Aiken LH, Sermeus W, Van den Heede K, et al. Patient safety, satisfaction, and quality of hospital care: cross sectional surveys of nurses and patients in 12 countries in Europe and the United States. BMJ Qual Saf 2012; 344:e1717. doi: 10.1136/bmj.e1717. [Administered in multiple countries in Europe, used English version.]

Ballangrud R, Hedelin B, Hall-Lord ML. Nurses' perceptions of patient safety climate in intensive care units: A cross-sectional study. Intensive Crit Care Nurs 2012; 28: 344-54. [Administered in Norway, used Norwegian translation.]

Brabcová I, Bártlová S, Tothova V, et al. Selected aspects of “safety culture” in hospitals of the Czech Republic. Neuro Endocrinol Lett 2015:36 Suppl 2:11-6. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289970405_Selected_aspects_of_safety_culture_in_hospitals_of_the_Czech_Republic, [Administered in Czech Republic, used Czech translation.]

Hellings J, Schrooten W, Klazinga NS, et al. Improving patient safety culture. Int J Health Care Qual Assur 2010;23(5):489-506. [Administered in Belgium, used Dutch translation.]

Kundig F, Staines A, Kinge T, et al. Numbering questionnaires had no impact on the response rate and only a slight influence on the response content of a patient safety culture survey: a randomized trial. Jf Clin Epidemiol 2011; 64:1262-5. [Administered in Switzerland, used French translation].

Kuosmanen A, Tiihonen J, Repo-Tiihonen E, et al. Patient safety culture in two Finnish state-run forensic psychiatric hospitals. J Forensic Nurs 2013; doi: 10.1097/JFN.0b013e318281068c. Epub 2013 March 8. [Administered in Finland, used Finnish translation.]

Lawton R, O’Hara JK, Sheard L, et al. Can staff and patient perspectives on hospital safety predict harm-free care? An analysis of staff and patient survey data and routinely collected outcomes. BMJ Qual Saf 2015;24(6):369-76. [Administered in United Kingdom, used English version.]

Mannion R, Konteh FH, Davies HTO. Assessing organisational culture for quality and safety improvement: a national survey of tools and tool use. Qual Saf Health Care 2009;18(2):153-6. [Administered in United Kingdom, used English version.]

Murphy J, Hignett S, Griffiths P, et al. Measuring patient safety culture in a UK NHS hospital with an American assessment tool. In: Bust PD, ed. Contemporary Ergonomics 2007: Proceedings of the International Conference on Contemporary Ergonomics (CE2007), 17-19 April 2007, Nottingham UK. London: CRC Press; 2007. p. 445-50. [Administered in United Kingdom, used English version.]

Occelli P, Quenon J, Hubert B, et al. Development of a safety culture: initial measurements of six hospitals in France. J Healthc Risk Manag 2011;30(4):42-7. [Administered in France, used French translation.]

Olsen E, Aase K. A comparative study of safety climate differences in healthcare and the petroleum industry. Qual Saf Health Care 2010;19 Suppl 3:i75-79. [Administered in Norway, used Norwegian translation.]

Simons P, Houben R, Reijnders P, et al. A factorial survey on safety behavior providing opportunities to improve safety. J Patient Saf 2015 Apr 22. [Administered in the Netherlands, used Dutch translation.] [Epub ahead of print]

Snijders C, Kollen BJ, van Lingen RA, et al. Which aspects of safety culture predict incident reporting behavior in neonatal intensive care units? A multilevel analysis. Crit Care Med 2009;37(1):61-7. [Administered in the Netherlands, used Dutch translation.]

Turunen H, Partanen P, Kvist T, et al. Patient safety culture in acute care: A web-based survey of nurse managers' and registered nurses' views in four Finnish hospitals. Int J of Nurs Pract 2013; DOI: 10.1111/ijn.12112. Epub 2013 June 18. [Administered in Finland; used Finnish translation.]

van Noord I, de Bruijne MC, Twisk JWR. The relationship between patient safety culture and the implementation of organizational patient safety defences at emergency departments. Int J Qual Health Care 2010; 22:162-9. [Administered in the Netherlands, used Dutch translation.]

Vifladt A, Simonsen BO, Lydersen S. Changes in patient safety culture after restructuring of intensive care units: two cross-sectional studies. Intensive Crit Care Nurs 2016;32:58-65. [Administered in Norway, used Norwegian translation.]

Vlayen A, Hellings J, Claes N, et al. A nationwide Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture in Belgian hospitals: setting priorities at the launch of a 5-year patient safety plan. BMJ Qual Saf 2011 Jul 18. [Administered in Belgium, used Dutch and French translations.]

Cross-references to citations previously listed:

Top of Page

Middle East

Abdelhai, Shaimaa B. Abdelaziz and Nashwa S. Ghanem. Assessing patient safety culture and factors affecting it among health care providers at Cairo university hospitals. J Am Sci 2012;8(7):277-285]. (ISSN:1545-1003). Available at: http://www.jofamericanscience.org/journals/am-sci/am0807/043_9638am0807_277_285.pdf. [Administered in Egypt, used Arabic translation.]

Aboshaiqah A, Baker O. Assessment of nurses' perceptions of patient safety culture in a Saudi Arabia hospital. J Nurs Care Qual 2013; 1-9. [Administered in Saudi Arabia, used English version.]

Al-Ahmadi TA. Measuring patient safety culture in Riyadh's hospitals: a comparison between public and private hospitals. J Egypt Public Health Assoc 2009;84(5-6):479-500. [Administered in Saudi Arabia, used English version.]

Alahmadi HA. Assessment of patient safety culture in Saudi Arabian hospitals. Qual Saf Health Care 2010 Oct;19(5):e17. [Administered in Saudi Arabia, used English version.]

Bahrami MA, Montazeralfaraj R, Chalak M, et al. Patient safety culture challenges: survey results of Iranian educational hospitals. Middle-East J Sci Res 2013; 14(5): 641-649. Available at: http://www.idosi.org/mejsr/mejsr14%285%2913/8.pdf. [Administered in Iran, used English version.]

Bodur S, Filiz E. A survey on patient safety culture in primary healthcare services in Turkey. Int J Qual Health Care 2009;21(5):348-55. Available at: http://intqhc.oxfordjournals.org/content/21/5/348.full.pdf+html  [Administered in Turkey, used Turkish translation.]

Davoodi R, Shabestari MM, Takbiri A, et al. Patient safety culture based on medical staff attitudes in Khorasan Razavi hospitals, Northeastern Iran. Iranian J Publ Health 2013;42(11):1292-8. [Administered in Iran, used Persian translation.]

El-Jardali F, Dimassi H, Jamal D, et al. Predictors and outcomes of patient safety culture in hospitals. BMC Health Serv Res 2011 Feb 24;11:45. Available at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/11/45/.  [Administered in Lebanon, used Arabic translation.]

El-Jardali F, Jaafar M, Dimassi H, et al. The current state of patient safety culture in Lebanese hospitals: a study at baseline. Int J Qual Health Care 2010 Oct; 22(5):386-95. Available at: http://intqhc.oxfordjournals.org/content/22/5/386.long  [Administered in Lebanon, used Arabic translation.]

Hamdan, M and Alra'oof Saleem, A. Assessment of patient safety culture in Palestinian public hospitals. Int J Qual Health Care 2013 Feb; 25(2):167–175. doi: 10.1093/intqhc/mzt007. [Administered in Palestine, used Arabic translation.]

Kabir M, Heidari A, Jafari N, et al. The perspectives toward patient safety culture among staff in educational hospitals in Gorgan in 2011. Iranian J Health Sciences 2013; 1(1): 75-83. Available at: http://jhs.mazums.ac.ir/files/site1/user_files_d258bd/rostamifaridehhsr-A-10-25-32-00bee6a.pdf.  [Administered in Iran, used Farsi translation.]

Khater WA, Akhu-Zaheya LM, AL-Mahasneh SI, et al. Nurses’ perceptions of patient safety culture in Jordanian hospitals. International Nursing Review Epub 2014 Dec 1. [Administered in Jordan, used Arabic translation.]

Kiaei MZ, Ziaee A, Mohebbifar R, et al. Patient safety culture in teaching hospitals in Iran: assessment by the hospital survey on patient safety culture (HSOPSC). J Health Manage Informatics 2016;3(2):51-6.

Moghri J, Arab M, Saari AA, Nateqi  E, et al. The psychometric properties of the Farsi version of “Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture” in Iran's hospitals. Iranian J Publ Health 2012; 41(4): 80-86. Available at: http://ijph.tums.ac.ir/index.php/IJPH/article/view/2107/1880  [Administered in Iran, used Persian translation.]

Mohammadreza A, Sogand T, Omid B. Measuring safety culture and setting priorities for action at an Iranian hospital. Al Ameen J Med Sci 2010;3(3):237-45. [Administered in Iran, used Persian translation.]

Mozafari J, Fahimi MA, Masoumi K, Darian AA, Forouzan A. Emergency medicine residents perception about patient safety culture. Adv Biol Res 2013; 7(5):155-58. [Administered in Iran]

Sagiroglu T, Oğuz S, Yağcı MA,et al. Evaluation of patient safety culture: single-center non-randomized, cross-sectional study, Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Trakya University, Turkey experience. Scientific Research and Essays 2013; 8(10):398-403.Available at: http://www.academicjournals.org/sre/PDF/pdf2013/11Mar/Sagiroglu%20et%20al.pdf.  [Administered in Turkey, used Turkish translation.]

Tabrizchi N, Sedaghat M. The first study of patient safety culture in Iranian primary health centers. Acta Medica Iranica 2012; 50(7): 505-510. Available at: http://journals.tums.ac.ir/upload_files/pdf/_/21708.pdf.  [Administered in Iran, used Persian translation.]

Cross-reference to citations previously listed:

Top of Page

South America

Arrieta A, Suárez G, Hakim G. Assessment of patient safety culture in private and public hospitals in Peru. Intl J Qual Health Care 2017 Dec 8. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29228295. [Epub ahead of print]

Cross-reference to citations previously listed:

Top of Page

Global

Al-Mandhari A, Al-Zakwani I, Al-Kindi M, et al. Patient safety culture assessment in Oman. Oman Med J 2014;29(4):264-70. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4137582/pdf/OMJ-D-14-00011.pdf. [Administered in Oman, Taiwan, Lebanon, and United States, used Chinese and Arabic translations and English version.]

El-Jardali F, Sheikh F, Garcia NA, et al. Patient safety culture in a large teaching hospital in Riyadh: baseline assessment, comparative analysis and opportunities for improvement. BMC Health Serv Res 2014;14:122. Available at: http://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6963-14-122. [Administered in Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, and United States, used Arabic translation and English version.]

Wagner C, Smits M, Sorra J, Huang CC. Assessing patient safety culture in hospitals across countries. Int J Qual Health Care Advance Access 2013; 1-9. Available at: http://intqhc.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2013/04/08/intqhc.mzt024.full. [Administered in the Netherlands, Taiwan, and United States, used Dutch and Chinese translations and English version.]

Wu Y, Fujita S, Seto K, Ito S, Matsumoto K, et al. The impact of nurse working hours on patient safety culture: a cross-national survey including Japan, the United States and Chinese Taiwan using the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture. BMC Health Serv Res 2013;13:394-400. doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-13-394. [Administered in Japan, Taiwan, and United States, used Japanese and Taiwanese translations and English version.]

Cross-references to citations previously listed:

Top of Page

Medical Office Survey on Patient Safety Culture

Use of Medical Office Survey on Patient Safety Culture

Ai A, Desai S, Shellman A, et al. Understanding test results follow-up in the ambulatory setting: analysis of multiple perspectives. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2018;44:674-682. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjq.2018.04.011. https://www.jointcommissionjournal.com/article/S1553-7250(17)30382-3/fulltext.

Analyses Linking Relationships Among Survey Composites and Medical Office or Respondent Characteristics

Campione JR, Mardon RE, McDonald KM. Patient safety culture, health information technology implementation, and medical office problems that could lead to diagnostic error. J Patient Saf 2018 Aug 22. doi: 10.1097/PTS.0000000000000531. [Epub ahead of print].

Gorman PN, O'Malley JP, Fagnan LJ. The relationship of self-report of quality to practice size and health information technology. J Am Board Fam Med 2012;25:614-624. Available at: http://www.jabfm.org/content/25/5/614.full.

Hagopian B, Singer ME, Curry-Smith AC, et al. Better medical office safety culture is not associated with better scores on quality measures. J Patient Saf 2012;8(1):15-21.

Hickner J, Smith S, Yount N, Sorra J. Differing perceptions of safety culture across job roles in the ambulatory setting: analysis of the AHRQ Medical Office Survey on Patient Safety Culture. BMJ Qual Saf 2015;0:1–7.

Mazurenko O, Richter J, Kazley AS, et al. Examining medical office owners and clinicians perceptions on patient safety climate. J Patient Saf 2018 Oct 10. doi: 10.1097/PTS.0000000000000540. [Epub ahead of print].

Improving Patient Safety Culture

Ornelas MD, Pais D, Sousa P. Patient safety culture in Portuguese primary healthcare. Qual Prim Care 2016;24(5): 214-8. Available at: https://primarycare.imedpub.com/patient-safety-culture-in-portuguese-primary-healthcare.pdf [Administered in Portugal, used Portuguese translation].

International

Timm M, Soares Rodrigues MC. Cross-cultural adaptation of safety culture tool for primary health care. Acta Paulista de Enfermagem 2016;29(1):26-37. http://www.scielo.br/pdf/ape/v29n1/en_1982-0194-ape-29-01-0026.pdf. [Administered in Brazil, used Portuguese translation.]

Top of Page

Nursing Home Survey on Patient Safety Culture

Use of Nursing Home Survey on Patient Safety Culture

Anderson T, Silveira C, Woodland R, et al. Promoting and regulating safe medication administration in nursing homes. J Nurs Reg 2011;2(1):53-58.

Banaszak-Holl J, Reichert H, Todd Greene M, Mody L, et al. Do safety culture scores in nursing homes depend on job role and ownership? Results from a national survey. J Am Geriatr Soc 2017;65(10):2244-50. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28846129.

Castle NG, Wagner LM, Perera S, et al. Assessing resident safety culture in nursing homes: using the Nursing Home Survey on Resident Safety. J Patient Saf 2010;6(2):59-67.

Castle NG, Wagner LM, Sonon K, et al.  Measuring administrators' and direct care workers' perceptions of the safety culture in assisted living facilities. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2012; 38(8): 375-85.

Wagner LM, McDonald SM, Castle NG. Relationship between nursing home safety culture and Joint Commission accreditation. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2012;38(5):207-15.

Top of Page

Psychometric Analyses—U.S.

Hessels A, Murray M, Cohen B, et al. Patient safety culture in pediatric complex care settings: a factor analysis. J Patient Saf 2017 Apr 19. doi: 10.1097/PTS.0000000000000279. [Epub ahead of print]. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5648643/pdf/nihms773558.pdf.

Hessels AJ, Agarwal M, Saiman L, Larson EL. Measuring patient safety culture in pediatric long-term care. J Pediatr Rehabil Med 2017;10(2):81-7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5549783/.

Psychometric Analyses—International

Cappelen K, Aase K, Storm M, et al. Psychometric properties of the nursing home survey on patient safety culture in Norwegian nursing homes. BMC Health Serv Res 2016;16(446). Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5002111/. [Administered in Norway, used Norwegian translation.]

Zúñigaa F, Schwappachb D, De Geesta S,  Schwendimanna R.  Psychometric properties of the Swiss version of the nursing home survey on patient safety culture. Safety Science 2013; 55:88–118. [Administered in Switzerland, used German translation.]

Analyses Linking the Survey to Outcomes

Smith SN, Todd Greene M, Mody L, Banaszak-Holl J, et al. Evaluation of the association between Nursing Home Survey on Patient Safety Culture (NHSOPS) measures and catheter-associated urinary tract infections: results of a national collaborative. BMJ Qual Saf 2018;27(6):464-73. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28951531

International

Cross-reference to citation previously listed:

Top of Page

Community Pharmacy Survey on Patient Safety Culture

Use of Community Pharmacy Survey in Patient Safety Culture

Aboneh EA, Stone JA, Lester CA, et al. Evaluation of patient safety culture in community pharmacies, J Patient Saf 2017 Nov 4. PMID: 29112014.

Improving Patient Safety Culture

Chinthammit C, Rupp MT, Armstrong EP, Modisett T, et al. Evaluation of a guided continuous quality improvement program in community pharmacies. J Pharm Policy Pract 2017 Sep 5;10(26). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5584005/.

Herner SJ, Rawlings JE, Swartzendruber, et al. Pharmacy survey on patient safety culture: benchmarking results. J Patient Saf 2014;13(10):37-42.

Psychometric Analyses—International

Jia PL, Zhang LH, Zhang MM, et al. Safety culture in a pharmacy setting using a pharmacy survey on patient safety culture: a cross-sectional study in China. BMJ Open 2014;4:e004904 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-004904. Available at: http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/4/6/e004904.full . [Administered in China, used Chinese translation]

International

Sivanandy P, Maharajan MK, Rajiah K, et al. Evaluation of patient safety culture among Malaysian retail pharmacists: results of a self-reported survey. Patient Prefer Adherence 2016;10:1317-25. [Administered in Malaysia, used English version.] Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4966676/.

Top of Page

Supplemental Item Sets

Use of Value and Efficiency Supplemental Item Set

McCurdy RK, Encinosa WE. Are medical offices ready for value-based reimbursement? Staff perceptions of a workplace climate for value and efficiency. Am J Accountable Care 2018;6(2):11-19.  https://ajmc.s3.amazonaws.com/_media/_pdf/AJAC_06_2018_McCurdy%20final.pdf.

Reviews of Instruments (mention Surveys on Patient Safety Culture)

Abebe E, Stone JA, Lester CA, Chui MA. Quality of handoffs in community pharmacies. J Patient Saf 2017 Apr 27. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28452917. [Epub ahead of print]

Alsalem G, Bowie P, Morrison J. Assessing safety climate in acute hospital settings: a systematic review of the adequacy of the psychometric properties of survey measurement tools. BMC Health Serv Res 2018;18(353). [Research completed in the United Kingdom]. https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12913-018-3....

Alshyyab MA, FitzGerald G, Dingle K, et al. Developing a conceptual framework for patient safety culture in emergency department: a review of the literature. Int J Health Plann Mgmt 2018:1-14. doi: 10.1002/hpm.2640.

Clancy CM, Farquhar MB, Sharp BAC. Patient safety in nursing practice. J Nurs Care Qual 2005;20(3):193-7.

Clancy CM. What is your organization's patient safety culture? Patient Saf Qual Healthcare 2011 Mar/Apr. Available at www.psqh.com/marchapril-2011/796-arqh.html.

Clancy CM. Safety culture creates better care for patients. Navigating the Health Care System: advice columns from Dr. Carolyn Clancy. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, May 3, 2011. Available at: http://www.ahrq.gov/news/columns/navigating-the-health-care-system/050311.html

Colla JB, Bracken AC, Kinney LM, et al. Measuring patient safety climate: a review of surveys. Qual Saf Health Care 2005;14(5):364-6.

Curran C, Lydon S, Kelly M, et al. A systematic review of primary care safety climate survey instruments: their origins, psychometric properties, quality, and usage. J Patient Saf 2018;14(2):e9-18. PMID: 28708671. 

Edwards MT. An assessment of the impact of just culture on quality and safety in US hospitals. Am J Med Qual 2018 Sep/Oct;33(5):502-8. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29658295.

Edwards MT. An organizational learning framework for patient safety. Am J Med Qual 2017 Mar/Apr;32(2):148-55.

Etchegaray JM, Thomas EJ. Comparing two safety culture surveys: Safety Attitudes Questionnaire and Hospital Survey on Patient Safety. BMJ Qual Saf 2012 Jun;21(6):490-8.

Fleming M. Patient safety culture measurement and improvement: a "how to" guide. Healthc Q 2005;8 Spec No:14-9. Available at: http://www.longwoods.com/content/17656.

Flin R, Burns C, Mearns K, et al. Measuring safety climate in health care. Qual Saf Health Care 2006;15(2):109-15.

Mao X, Nie Y, Cui H, Jia P, Zhang M. Literature Review Regarding Patient Safety Culture. J Evid Based Med 2013; Volume 5, Issue 4.

Morell RT, Lowthian JA, Barker AL, McGinnes R, et al. Strategies for improving patient safety culture in hospitals: a systematic review. BMJ Qual Saf 2012;0:1–8. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2011-000582.

Palmieri PA, Peterson LT, Pesta BJ, et al. Safety culture as a contemporary healthcare construct: theoretical review, research assessment, and translation to human resource management. In: Savage GT, Khatri N, Fottler MD, eds. Advances in Health Care Management. Vol. 9.). Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing; 2010. p. 97-133.

Profit J, Lee HC, Sharek PJ, et al. Comparing NICU teamwork and safety climate across two commonly used survey instruments. BMJ Qual Saf 2016 Dec; 25(12):954-61. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5256236/.

Reiman T, Pietikinen E, Oedewald P. Multilayered approach to patient safety culture. Qual Saf Health Care 2010;19(5):e20.

Reis CT, Paiva SG, Sousa P. The patient safety culture: a systematic review by characteristics of hospital survey on patient safety culture dimensions. Intl J Qual Health Care 2018 Aug 11. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30107575. [Epub ahead of print].

Singla AK, Kitch BT, Weissman JS. Assessing patient safety culture: a review and synthesis of the measurement tools. J Patient Saf 2006;2(3):105-15.

Sloane DM, Smith HL, McHugh MD, et al. Effect of changes in hospital nursing resources on improvements in patient safety and quality of care: a panel study. Med Care 2018;56(12):1001-8. PMID: 30363019.

Valentine MA, Nembhard IM, Edmondson AC. Measuring teamwork in health care settings: a review of survey instruments. Med Care 2015;53(4):e16-e30.

Cross-references to citations previously listed:

Top of Page

Page last reviewed February 2019
Page originally created January 2014
Internet Citation: SOPS Research Reference List. Content last reviewed February 2019. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. https://www.ahrq.gov/sops/resources/ref-list.html
Back To Top