Opioids: What’s New
November 3, 2020
AHRQ has published a Technical Brief on Prevention, Diagnosis, and Management of Opioids, Opioid Misuse and Opioid Use Disorder in Older Adults. The Technical Brief lays out a Conceptual Framework for care of older adults who require or use opioids, outlining possible risk factors and potential points for interventions to improve outcomes, and maps available studies to different parts of the Framework.
October 5, 2020
Kickoff call for Improving Management of Opioids and Opioid Use Disorder in Older Adults
AHRQ has awarded three grants to develop, implement, evaluate, and disseminate strategies to improve the management of opioid use, misuse, and opioid use disorder (OUD) in older adults in primary care settings. The grants will use practice facilitation, academic detailing, clinical decision support, and Project ECHO modalities to support primary care clinicians in managing opioids for older adult patients. The grantees are based at the University of Chicago, the University of Michigan Ann Arbor, and the University of Oklahoma.
September 10, 2020
"Building Capacity for Medication Assisted Treatment in Rural Primary Care Practices: The IT MATTTRs Practice Team Training," by AHRQ grantees Linda Zittleman et al., was published in September in the Journal of Primary Care & Community Health.
August 31, 2020
New Research Shows Promise of Telehealth in Treating Opioid Use Disorder. A new blog post from the Director of AHRQ.
Rapid Review Posted
July 28, 2020
Retention Strategies for Medications for Addiction Treatment in Adults With Opioid Use Disorder. The review found that limited evidence suggests criminal justice prerelease MAT initiation and the use of contingency management for patients on antagonist forms of MAT may aid retention, while XR and daily buprenorphine formulations appear to be equivalent for treatment retention. There is a critical need for studies that use standardized definitions of retention, include measures of harms as well as benefits, and reflect the full spectrum of real-life conditions.
Statistical Briefs Posted
July 13, 2020:
HCUP Statistical Brief #260: Social Determinants of Health and County Population Rates of Opioid-Related Inpatient Stays and Emergency Department Visits, 2016. This brief describes the social determinants of health for counties with high population rates of opioid-related inpatient stays and ED visits.
June 1, 2020:
- HCUP Statistical Brief #258: Hospital Burden of Opioid-Related Inpatient Stays: Metropolitan and Rural Hospitals, 2016. This brief focuses on the hospital burden of opioid-related hospitalizations by hospital urban-rural location.
- HCUP Statistical Brief #257: Costs of Emergency Department Visits for Mental and Substance Use Disorders in the United States, 2017. This statistical brief presents statistics on the costs of emergency department visits with diagnoses of mental and substance use disorders in the United States using the 2017 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample.
HCUP Fast Stats Data Update
AHRQ has released new information in HCUP Fast Stats. The Opioid-Related Hospital Use topic has been updated to include new inpatient and emergency department (ED) data. Since the last update in April 2019, this topic now includes the following additional statistics:
- 2017 inpatient data (11 States).
- 2017 ED data (12 States).
- 2018 inpatient data (36 States).
- 2018 ED data (27 States).
- 2019 inpatient data (15 States).
- 2019 ED data (4 States).
The HCUP family of healthcare databases and related software tools and products is made possible by a Federal-State-Industry partnership sponsored by AHRQ.
AHRQ's blog posts, infographics, and announcements on its latest efforts to help end the opioid epidemic.