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29. Shenvi EC, Feupe SF, Yang H, El-Kareh R. “Closing the loop”: a mixed-methods study about resident learning from outcome feedback after patient handoffs. Diagnosis (Berl) 2018;5(4):235-42. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6556111/. Accessed April 1, 2020.
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34. Amelung D, Whitaker KL, Lennard D, Ogden M, Sheringham J, Zhou Y, Walter FM, Singh H, Vincent C, Black G. Influence of doctor-patient conversations on behaviours of patients presenting to primary care with new or persistent symptoms: a video observation study. BMJ Qual Saf 2019. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7057803/. Accessed April 1, 2020.
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37. Smith MW, Davis GT, Murphy DR, Laxmisan A, Singh H. Resilient actions in the diagnostic process and system performance. BMJ Qual Saf 2013;22(12):1006-13. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/ articles/PMC3833904/. Accessed April 1, 2020.
38. Murff HJ, Patel VL, Hripcsak G, Bates DW. Detecting adverse events for patient safety research: a review of current methodologies. J Biomed Inform 2003;36(1-2):131-43. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14552854. Accessed April 1, 2020.
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40. Rosen AK. Are we getting better at measuring patient safety? Perspectives on Safety 2010 Nov 1. https://psnet.ahrq.gov/perspective/are-we-getting-better-measuring-patient-safety. Accessed April 1, 2020.
41. Levtzion-Korach O, Frankel A, Alcalai H, Keohane C, Orav J, Graydon-Baker E, Barnes J, Gordon K, Puopulo AL, Tomov EI, Sato L, Bates DW. Integrating incident data from five reporting systems to assess patient safety: making sense of the elephant. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2010;36(9):402-10. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20873673. Accessed April 1, 2020.
42. Meeks DW, Meyer AN, Rose B, Walker YN, Singh H. Exploring new avenues to assess the sharp end of patient safety: an analysis of nationally aggregated peer review data. BMJ Qual Saf 2014;23(12):1023-30. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25260781. Accessed April 1, 2020.
43. Tejerina EE, Padilla R, Abril E, Frutos-Vivar F, Ballen A, Rodriguez-Barbero JM, Lorente JÁ, Esteban A. Autopsy-detected diagnostic errors over time in the intensive care unit. Hum Pathol 2018;76:85-90. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29530753. Accessed April 1, 2020.
44. Hautz WE, Kammer JE, Hautz SC, Sauter TC, Zwaan L, Exadaktylos AK, Birrenbach T, Maier V, Müller M, Schauber SK. Diagnostic error increases mortality and length of hospital stay in patients presenting through the emergency room. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2019;27(1):54. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6505221/. Accessed April 1, 2020.
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49. Gandhi TK, Kachalia A, Thomas EJ, Puopolo AL, Yoon C, Brennan TA, Studdert DM. Missed and delayed diagnoses in the ambulatory setting: a study of closed malpractice claims. Ann Intern Med 2006;145(7):488-96. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17015866. Accessed April 2, 2020.
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52. Okafor N, Payne VL, Chathampally Y, Miller S, Doshi P, Singh H. Using voluntary reports from physicians to learn from diagnostic errors in emergency medicine. Emerg Med J 2015. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26531860. Accessed April 2, 2020.
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58. Gillespie A, Reader TW. Patient-centered insights: using health care complaints to reveal hot spots and blind spots in quality and safety. Milbank Q 2018;96(3):530-67. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6131356/. Accessed April 2, 2020.
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61. Giardina TD, Haskell H, Menon S, Hallisy J, Southwick FS, Sarkar U, Royse KE, Singh H. Learning from patients’ experiences related to diagnostic errors is essential for progress in patient safety. Health Aff (Millwood) 2018;37(11):1821-7. https://www.healthaffairs.org/doi/full/10.1377/hlthaff.2018.0698?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dpubmed. Accessed April 2, 2020.
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71. Singh H, Daci K, Petersen L, Collins C, Petersen N, Shethia A, El-Serag HB. Missed opportunities to initiate endoscopic evaluation for colorectal cancer diagnosis. Am J Gastroenterol 2009;104(10):2543- 54. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2758321/. Accessed April 2, 2020.
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85. Murphy DR, Wu L, Thomas EJ, Forjuoh SN, Meyer AN, Singh H. Electronic trigger-based intervention to reduce delays in diagnostic evaluation for cancer: a cluster randomized controlled trial. J Clin Oncol 2015;33(31):3560-7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4622097/. Accessed April 2, 2020.
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95. Cifra CL, Ten Eyck P, Dawson JD, Reisinger HS, Singh H, Herwaldt LA. Factors associated with diagnostic error on admission to a PICU: a pilot study. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2020. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32097247. Accessed April 2, 2020.
96. Bergl PA, Taneja A, El-Kareh R, Singh H, Nanchal RS. Frequency, risk factors, causes, and consequences of diagnostic errors in critically ill medical patients: a retrospective cohort study. Crit Care Med 2019;47(11):e902-e10. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31524644. Accessed April 2, 2020.
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