People with Mobility Impairments

The CAHPS Item Set for People with Mobility Impairments focuses on the experiences of people with mobility impairments (PWMI) with health plan services. Over 12 million American adults age 18-64 have a mobility impairment stemming from conditions including arthritis, heart or lung problems, unmanaged diabetes or obesity, spinal cord injuries, stroke, and muscle or nerve conditions such as cerebral palsy, Parkinson's disease, or multiple sclerosis. Many of these adults simultaneously have vision, hearing, emotional, or thought-processing co-impairments.

The questions in this item set can supplement either the commercial or Medicaid version of the Health Plan Survey. Their purpose is to enable health plans and other survey sponsors to compare the experiences of people with and without mobility impairments and to determine where improvements in health plan services are warranted to better serve enrollees with these impairments.

The PWMI Item Set has been incorporated into the Health Plan Surveys' Supplemental Items for Adult Questionnaires (PDF [ PDF file - 317.43 KB]), which also includes instructions for placing the items into the core questionnaire. The items are available in both English and Spanish.

Read About the Item Set for People with Mobility Impairments. (PDF Version [ PDF file - 206.42 KB])

To download both the supplemental items as well as the descriptive document, go to: Get Health Plan Surveys and Instructions.

Learn about the development of the Item Set for People with Mobility Impairments.

Topics Covered by the Item Set for People with Mobility Impairments

The Item Set for People with Mobility Impairments consists of 21 questions. One question confirms that the respondent visited the doctor's office; three questions function as “screeners” to identify adult respondents with mobility impairments:

  • Use of mobility equipment (1 item)
  • Ability to walk and/or difficulty in walking a quarter mile (2 items)

The remaining 17 questions cover the following topics:

  • Getting physical and occupational therapy
  • Getting speech therapy
  • Getting or replacing mobility equipment
  • Getting mobility equipment repaired
  • Getting weighed at the doctor's office
  • Being examined on the examination table
  • Difficulty moving around the restroom
  • Pain
  • Fatigue

View a list of questions in the CAHPS Item Set for People with Mobility Impairments.

Page last reviewed March 2016
Page originally created October 2011
Internet Citation: People with Mobility Impairments. Content last reviewed March 2016. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/cahps/surveys-guidance/item-sets/mobility/index.html